Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 18. Professional And Occupational Licensing
Agency 15. Virginia Board For Asbestos, Lead, And Home Inspectors
Chapter 30. Virginia Lead-Based Paint Activities Regulations
9/26/2021

18VAC15-30-550. Risk assessment.

A. A risk assessment shall only be conducted by individuals licensed by the board as risk assessors.

B. If conducted, a risk assessment shall be conducted as follows:

1. A visual inspection for risk assessment of the residential dwelling or child-occupied facility shall be undertaken to locate the existence of deteriorated paint, assess the extent and causes of deterioration, and other potential lead-based paint hazards.

2. Background information regarding the physical characteristics of the residential dwelling or child-occupied facility and occupant use patterns that may cause lead-based paint exposure to one or more children age six years and under shall be collected.

3. The following surfaces that are determined, using documented methodologies, to have a distinct painting history, shall be tested for the presence of lead:

a. Each friction surface or impact surface with visibly deteriorated paint; and

b. All other surfaces with visibly deteriorated paint.

4. In residential dwellings, dust samples (either composite or single-surface samples) from the interior window sill(s) and floor shall be collected and analyzed for lead concentration in living areas where one or more children, age six and under, are most likely to come into contact with dust.

5. For multi-family dwellings and child-occupied facilities, the samples required in 18VAC15-30-550 B (3) shall be taken. In addition, interior window sill and floor dust samples (either composite or single-surface samples) shall be collected and analyzed for lead concentration in the following locations:

a. Common areas adjacent to the sampled residential dwelling or child-occupied facility; and

b. Other common areas in the building where the risk assessor determines that one or more children, age six and under, are likely to come into contact with dust.

6. For child-occupied facilities, interior window sill and floor dust samples (either composite or single-surface samples) shall be collected and analyzed for lead concentration in each room, hallway or stairwell utilized by one or more children, age six and under, and in other common areas in the child-occupied facility where one or more children, age six and under, are likely to come into contact with dust.

7. Soil samples shall be collected and analyzed for lead concentrations in the following locations:

a. Exterior play areas where bare soil is present;

b. The rest of the yard (i.e., nonplay areas) where bare soil is present; and

c. Dripline/foundation areas where bare soil is present.

8. Any paint, dust, or soil sampling or testing shall be conducted using documented methodologies that incorporate adequate quality control procedures.

9. Any collected paint chip, dust, or soil sample shall be sent for analysis to a laboratory recognized by EPA as being capable of performing these activities.

Statutory Authority

§ 54.1-501 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 2, eff. November 13, 1996; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 24, eff. October 1, 2003.

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