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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 18. Professional and Occupational Licensing
Agency 160. Board for Waterworks and Wastewater Works Operators and Onsite Sewage System Professionals
Chapter 40. Onsite Sewage System Professionals Licensing Regulations
1/23/2020

18VAC160-40-10. Definitions.

Part I
Definitions

A. Section 54.1-2300 of the Code of Virginia provides definitions of the following terms and phrases as used in this chapter:

"Board"

"Onsite sewage system"

"Operator"

"Wastewater works"

B. The following words, terms, and phrases when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Alternative onsite sewage system" means a treatment works that is not a conventional onsite sewage system and does not result in a point source discharge.

"Alternative onsite sewage system installer" means an individual licensed by the board to construct, install, and repair conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems.

"Alternative onsite sewage system operator" means an individual licensed by the board to operate and maintain conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems.

"Alternative onsite soil evaluator" means an individual licensed by the board to evaluate soils and soil properties in relationship to the effect of these properties on the use and management of these soils as the locations for conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems, to certify in accordance with applicable state regulations and local ordinances that sites are suitable for conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems, and to design conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems suitable for the soils.

"Applicant" means an individual who submits an application with the appropriate fee and other required documentation.

"Application" means a completed, board-prescribed form submitted with the appropriate fee and other required documentation.

"Authorized onsite soil evaluator" means an individual holding an authorized onsite soil evaluator certification issued by the Virginia Department of Health that was valid on June 30, 2009.

"Category" means journeyman or master as applicable to the professionals under the board's purview.

"Class" means conventional or alternative as applicable to the professionals under the board's purview.

"Contact hour" means 50 minutes of participation in a structured training activity.

"Conventional onsite sewage system" means a treatment works consisting of one or more septic tanks with gravity, pumped, or siphoned conveyance to a gravity distributed subsurface drainfield.

"Conventional onsite sewage system installer" means an individual licensed by the board to construct, install, and repair conventional onsite sewage systems.

"Conventional onsite sewage system operator" means an individual licensed by the board to operate and maintain conventional onsite sewage systems.

"Conventional onsite soil evaluator" means an individual licensed by the board to evaluate soils and soil properties in relationship to the effects of these properties on the use and management of these soils as the locations for conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems, to certify in accordance with applicable state regulations and local ordinances that sites are suitable for conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems, and to design conventional onsite sewage systems suitable for the soils.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation.

"Direct supervision" means being immediately available and fully responsible for the provision of onsite sewage system services regulated pursuant to Chapter 23 (§ 54.1-2300 et seq.) of Title 54.1 and this chapter.

"Interim license" refers to the initial issuance of professional licenses during the implementation of the onsite sewage system professionals licensure program. Such licenses were limited to four years and not renewable.

"Journeyman" means an individual who possesses the minimum skills and competency to install or maintain onsite sewage systems or assist in the evaluation of soil sites as suitable for conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems and to design onsite sewage systems under the direct supervision of a master licensee.

"Licensee" means an individual holding a valid license issued by the board.

"Licensure" means a method of regulation whereby the Commonwealth, through the issuance of a license, authorizes a person possessing the character and minimum skills to engage in the practice of a profession or occupation that is unlawful to practice without such license.

"Maintenance" or "maintain" means, unless otherwise provided in local ordinance, (i) performing adjustments to equipment and controls or (ii) in-kind replacement of normal wear and tear parts that do not require a construction permit for adjustment or replacement of the component, such as light bulbs, fuses, filters, pumps, motors, sewer lines, conveyance lines, distribution boxes, header lines, or other like components. Maintenance includes pumping the tanks or cleaning the building sewer on a periodic basis. Notwithstanding any local ordinance, "maintenance" does not include replacement of tanks, drainfield piping, subsurface drainfields, or work requiring a construction permit and a licensed onsite sewage system installer. Unless otherwise prohibited by local ordinance, a conventional onsite sewage system installer or an alternative onsite sewage system installer may perform maintenance work limited to in-kind replacement of light bulbs, fuses, filters, pumps, sewer lines, conveyance lines, distribution boxes, and header lines.

"Master" means an individual who possesses the minimum skills and competency to install or maintain onsite sewage systems or evaluate soil sites as suitable for conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems and to design conventional and alternative onsite sewage systems.

"Operate" means the act of (i) placing into or taking out of service a unit process or (ii) making or causing adjustments in the operation of a unit process at a treatment works.

"Profession" means the practice of onsite soil evaluation, onsite sewage system installation, and onsite sewage system operation.

"Professional" means an onsite sewage system installer, onsite sewage system operator, or onsite soil evaluator who is licensed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and is in good standing with the board to practice his profession in this Commonwealth.

"Renewal" means the process and requirements for periodically approving the continuance of a license.

"Sewage" means water-carried and nonwater-carried human excrement or kitchen, laundry, shower, bath, or lavatory wastes separately or together with such underground, surface, storm, or other water and liquid industrial wastes as may be present from residences, buildings, vehicles, industrial establishments, or other places.

"Training credit" means a unit of board-approved training or formal education completed by an individual that may be used to substitute for experience when applying for a license.

"Treatment works" means any device or system used in the storage, treatment, disposal, or reclamation of sewage or combinations of sewage and industrial wastes including pumping power and other equipment and appurtenances, septic tanks and any works, including land, that are or will be (i) an integral part of the treatment processes or (ii) used for ultimate disposal or residues or effluent resulting from such treatment.

"VDH" means the Virginia Department of Health.

Statutory Authority

§§ 54.1-201 and 54.1-2301 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 33, Issue 11, eff. April 1, 2017; amended, Virginia Register Volume 34, Issue 26, eff. September 19, 2018.

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