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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 150. Rules and Regulations Governing the Transportation of Companion Animals
6/12/2024

2VAC5-150-180. Primary enclosures used to transport birds.

Birds subject to this chapter shall be transported in a primary enclosure that shall be constructed in such a manner that:

1. The structural strength of the enclosure is sufficient to contain the birds and to withstand the normal rigors of transporting:

2. The interior of the enclosure is free from any protrusions that could be injurious to the birds contained therein;

3. The openings of such enclosures are easily accessible at all times for emergency removal of the birds;

4. Apertures are sufficient to provide for proper ventilation and normal breathing;

5. Projecting rims or other devices are on those faces of the outside walls that contain ventilation openings to prevent obstruction of those openings and to provide a minimum air circulation space of 0.75 inches between the primary enclosure and any adjacent cargo or conveyance wall; except that when a primary enclosure is permanently affixed within the animal cargo space of the primary conveyance and the front opening is the only source of ventilation this opening shall:

a. Be constructed so as to open directly to the outside or to an unobstructed aisle or passageway within the primary conveyance;

b. Be at least 90% of the total surface area of the front wall of the primary enclosure; and

c. Be covered with bars, wire mesh, or smooth expanded metal;

6. Portable primary enclosures shall be equipped with adequate handholds on the exterior of the primary enclosure, placed in such a manner that the portable primary enclosure can be lifted and handled without tilting and so that the person handling the portable primary enclosure will not be in contact with the birds;

7. Be large enough to ensure that each bird contained therein has sufficient space to turn about freely in a standing position using normal body movements and to perch comfortably; however, certain species may be restricted in their movements according to professionally acceptable standards when such freedom of movement would constitute a danger to the animals, their handlers, or other persons;

8. Have solid bottoms to prevent leakage in shipments;

9. Allow excreta to be absorbed, covered or separated from the birds by use of a wire mesh flooring above the solid floor or of a clean litter that is safe and nontoxic to the birds, except where these methods pose a threat to the safety of the birds;

10. Be clearly marked on top and on one or more sides with the words "Live Animal" or "Wild Animal," whichever is appropriate, in letters not less than 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) in height, and with arrows or other markings to indicate the correct upright position of the container, except that this shall not apply to primary conveyances which are used as primary enclosures, or to primary enclosures which are permanently affixed within the primary conveyance;

11. Be cleaned and sanitized after each use; and

12. Contain only birds:

a. Of the same species, with the exception that some species of birds may travel together, according to professionally accepted standards; and

b. In compatible groups.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-6501 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-02-13 § 4.1, eff. May 13, 1987.

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