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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department Of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 360. Regulations for the Enforcement of the Virginia Commercial Feed Act
12/8/2021

2VAC5-360-10. Definitions.

A. Words used in the singular form in this chapter shall include the plural, and vice versa, as appropriate.

B. All terms used in this chapter shall have the meaning set forth for such in the Act. In addition, the following words and terms shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Act" means Chapter 48 (§ 3.2-4800 et seq.) of Title 3.2 of the Code of Virginia, hereinafter known as the Virginia Commercial Feed Act.

"Animal" means any animate being which is not human.

"Adulteration" means a commercial feed is adulterated if:

1. Enough of any harmful or non-nutritive ingredient has been added to endanger animal health when used according to labeling directions.

2. Any part of an essential component has been omitted, removed, or replaced with an inferior substance.

3. The composition or quality of the feed fails to conform to its representation in the labeling.

4. It was prepared or held under unsanitary conditions.

5. It contains any filthy, putrid, decomposed, tainted, unsound or unwholesome substance.

6. Its container is composed of any substance which may cause the feed to endanger animal health.

"Board" means the Virginia Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

"Brand" means the term, design, or trademark and other specific designation under which an individual commercial feed is distributed in Virginia.

"Canned animal food" means all materials packed in any airtight container with a moisture content of 70% or more which are distributed for use as food for animals other than humans.

"Commercial feed" means all mixed or unmixed feed including concentrates, supplements, molasses, minerals, mineral mixtures, and all other materials used for their nutritional or physical properties for feeding to animals except those materials exempted by the Act.

"Commissioner" means the Virginia Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services or his delegated assistant or agent.

"Distribute" means to offer or expose for sale, sell, warehouse, exchange, barter, furnish or otherwise supply.

"Distributor" means a person who distributes commercial feeds.

"Feed ingredient" means each of the constituent materials making up a commercial feed.

"Inert mineral matter" means mineral matter that has no nutritional value.

"Label" means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed. The invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed in bulk is the label.

"Labeling" means any written, printed, graphic, electronic, or advertising information pertaining to the commercial feed which is:

1. On the commercial feed or any of its containers,

2. On the invoice or delivery slip,

3. Accompanying the commercial feed at any time, or

4. Otherwise provided to the consumer.

"Medicated feed" means a product obtained by mixing a drug, as defined in § 3.2-4800 of the Code of Virginia, and a commercial feed. It is subject to all provisions of the Virginia Commercial Feed Act.

"Misbranding" means a commercial feed is misbranded if:

1. The label does not include:

a. The name and principal address of the manufacturer, distributor, or person responsible for placing the commercial feed on the market.

b. The name, brand or trademark under which the commercial feed is sold.

c. An accurate quantity statement of the contents.

d. An accurate statement of the minimum percentage of crude protein.

e. An accurate statement of the minimum percentage of crude fat.

f. An accurate statement of the maximum percentage of crude fiber.

g. An accurate statement of the maximum percentage of moisture for all dog and cat foods.

h. The English name of each ingredient or conform to the requirements of 2VAC5-360-40.

i. Adequate warnings against use under normal or pathological conditions where its use may endanger animal health, or against unsafe use or application as necessary for the protection of animals.

2. Labeling is false or misleading in any particular.

3. It is distributed under the name of another commercial feed.

4. Its container is so made, formed or filled as to be deceptive or misleading as to the amount of contents.

5. Its labeling bears any reference to registration or license under the Act.

6. It is represented as containing a feed ingredient, unless such feed ingredient conforms to the definition prescribed by regulation of the board.

7. Any word, statement or other information required by the Act is not prominently placed upon the label so conspicuously (as compared with other words, statements, designs, or devices in the labeling) and in such terms as to make it likely to be read and understood by the ordinary individual under customary conditions of purchase and use.

"Official sample" means any sample of feed taken by the commissioner and designated as "Official" by the commissioner.

"Person" means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, firm, agent or authorized group of individuals whether incorporated or not.

"Prohibited noxious-weed seeds" means the seeds of perennial weeds which not only reproduce by seed but which also spread by underground roots and stems; and which, when established, are highly destructive and are not controlled in the Commonwealth by commonly used cultural practices. These include but are not limited to the seeds of Balloonvine-Cardiospermum halicacabum, Field bindweed-Convolulus arvensis, Quackgrass-Agropyron repends, Canada thistle-Cirsium arvense, Johnson grass-Sorghum spp., perennial, Plumeless thistle, which includes Musk thistle and Curled thistle Carduus spp., Serrated tussock-Nassella trichotoma, and Sicklepod-Senna obtusifolia.

"Restricted noxious-weed seeds" means the seeds of weeds which are very objectionable in fields, lawns and gardens in this Commonwealth and are difficult to control by commonly used cultural practices. These include but are not limited to seeds of Dodder Cuscuta spp., Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon, Wild onion bulblets, Wild garlic bulblets Allium spp., Wild mustardBrassica spp., Giant foxtail-Setaia faberia, radish-Raphanus, and Annual bluegrass-Poa annua.

"Sell" means sales, barter, or exchange.

"Ton" means a net weight of 2,000 pounds, avoirdupois.

Statutory Authority

§3.2-4801 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-04-06 § 1, eff. May 28, 1986; amended, Virginia Register Volume 20, Issue 9, eff. February 12, 2004; Errata, 20:11 VA.R. 1387 February 9, 2004; amended, Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 11, eff. March 4, 2009.

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