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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 390. Rules and Regulations for the Enforcement of the Virginia Seed Law
5/22/2022

2VAC5-390-110. Flower seed and minimum germination standards.

A. The kinds of flower seeds listed below are those for which standard testing procedures have been prescribed and which are, therefore, required to be labeled in accordance with the germination labeling provisions of §§ 3.2-4000 and 3.2-4008 of the Code of Virginia. The percentage listed opposite each kind is the germination standard for that kind. For the kinds marked with an asterisk, this percentage is the total of percentage germination and percentage hard seed. For other kinds, it is the percentage germination.

Kind

Minimum Germination Standard

African daisy--Dimorphotheca sinuata

55

Ageratum--Ageratum houstonianum

60

Alyssum--Alyssum compactum, A.Lobularia maritima, A.saxatile

60

Anemone--Anemone pulsatilla

55

Angel's trumpet--Brugmansia arborea

60

Arabis--Arabis alpina

60

Aster, China--Callistephus chinensis except Pompon, Powderpuff, and Princess types

55

Aster, China--Callistephus chinensis, Pompon, Powderpuff and Princess types

50

Aubrieta--Aubrieta deltoidea

45

Balsam--Impatiens balsamina

70

Calendula--Calendula officinalis

65

California poppy--Eschscholzia californica

60

Calliopsis--Corepsis tinctoria C. basalis

65

Campanula:

Canterbury bells--Campanula medium

60

Cup and Saucer bellflower--Campanula medium calycanthema

60

Carpathian bellflower--Campanula carpatica

50

Peach bellflower--Campanula persicifolia

50

Candytuft, annual--Iberis amara, I. umbellata

65

Candytuft, perennial--Iberis gibraltarica, I.sempervirens

55

*Castor bean--Ricinus communis

60

Cathedral bells--Cobaea scandens

65

Celosia--Celosia argentea

65

Centaurea: basket flower--entaurea americana, Cornflower--C. cyanus, dusty miller--C.cineraria royal centaurea--C. imperialis, sweet sultan, Amberboa moschata, Velvet centaurea--C. gymnocarpa

60

Chinese forget-me-not--Cynoglossum amabile

55

Chrysanthemum, annual--Chrysanthemum carinatum, C., coronarium, C.segetum

40

Clarkia--Clarkia unguiculata

65

Cleome--Cleome hassleriana

65

Columbine--Aquilegia spp.

50

Coral bells--Heuchera sanguinea

55

Coreopsis, perennial--Coreopsis lanceolata

40

Cosmos: Sensation, Mammoth and Crested type--Cosmos bipinnatus; Klondyke type--C. sulphureus

65

Dahlia--Dahlia spp

55

Delphinium: cardinal larkspur--perennial delphinuim--Delphinium cardinale; Pacific giant, gold metal and other hybrids, belladonna, bellamosum types, Chinensis types D.elatum

55

Dianthus:

Carnation--Dianthus caryophyllus

60

China pinks--Dianthus Chinensis, Heddewigii, Heddensis

70

Grass pinks--Dianthus plumarius

60

Maiden pinks--Dianthus deltoide

60

Sweet William--Dianthus barbatu

70

Sweet Wivelsfield--Dianthus X allwoodii

60

Dracena--Cordyline australis

55

English daisy--Bellis perennis

55

Foxglove--Digitalis spp.

60

Gaillardia, annual--Gaillardia pulchella, var.picta; perennial--G..aristata

45

Geum--Geum spp.

55

Gilia--Gilia spp.

65

Godetia--Clarkia amoena var. concinne

65

Gourds--Cucurbita spp.; Lagenaria spp.

70

Gypsophila: annual baby's breath--Gypsophila elegans; perennial baby's breath--G. paniculata, G. pacifica, G. repens

70

Helichrysum--Helichrysum bracteatum

60

*Hollyhock--Alcea rosea

65

*Ipomopa: Cypress vine--Ipomea quamoclit; Moonflower--I. alba; morning glories, cardinal climber, hearts and honey vine--I. spp.

75

Job's tears--Coix lacryma-jobi

70

Kochia--Kochia scoparia trichophylla

55

Larkspur, annual--Consolida ambigua

60

Lantana--Lantana camara

35

Linaria--Linaria spp.

65

Lobelia, annual--Lobelia erinus

65

Lunaria, annual--Lunaria annua

65

*Lupine--Lupinus spp.

65

Marigold--Tagetes spp.

65

Marvel of Peru--Mirabilis jalapa

60

Mighonette--Reseda odorata

55

Myosotis--Myosotis alpestris, M. oblongata, M. pulastris, M. scorpioides

50

Nasturtium--Tropaeolum spp.

60

Nemesia--Nemesia spp.

65

Nemophila--Nemophila menziesil subsp. insignis

70

Nicotiana--Nicotiana alata, N. X sanderae

65

Nierembergia--Nierembergia spp.

55

Nigella--Nigella damascena

55

Pansy--Viola tricolor

60

Penstemon--Penstemon barbatus, P. grandiflorus, P. laevigatus, P.hirsutus

60

Petunia--Petunia spp.

45

Phacelia--Phacelia campanularia, P. minor, P. tanace tifolia

65

Phlox, annual--Phlox drummondii all types and varieties

55

Physalis--Physalis spp.

60

Poppy: shirley poppy--Papaver rhoeas; Iceland poppy--P. nudicaule; oriental poppy--P. orientale; tulip poppy--P. glaucum

60

Portulaca--Portulaca grandiflora

55

Salpiglossis--Salpiglossis sinuata gloxiniiflora, S. salpiglossis

60

Salvia--Scarlet Sage--Salvia splendens; mealycup sage (blue bedder)--S. farinacea

50

Saponaria--Saponaria ocymoides, S. vaccaria pyramidata

60

Scabiosa, annual--Scabiosa atropurpurea

50

Scabiosa, perennial--Scabiosa caucasica

40

Schizanthus--Schizanthus spp.

60

Shasta Daisy--Chrysanthemum maximum, C. leucanthemum

65

Snapdragon--Antirrhinum spp.

55

Solanum--Solanum spp.

60

Stocks:Common--Matthiola incana; Evening Scented--Matthiola longipetala subsp. bicornis

65

Sunflower--Helianthus spp.

65

*Sweet pea, annual and perennial other than dwarf bush--Lathyrus odoratus, L. latifolius

75

*Sweet pea, dwarf bush--Lathyrus odoratus

65

Thunbergia--Thunbergia alata

60

Torch flower--Tithonia rotundifolia

70

Tritoma--Kniphofia spp.

65

Verbena, annual--Verbena X hybrida

35

Vinca--Catharanthus roseus

60

Viola--Viola cornuta

55

Wallflower--Cheiranthus cheiri

65

Zinnia--Zinnia angustifolia, Z. elegans, Z.grandiflora, Z. acerosa, Z. peruviana

50

B. Testing tolerances shall not be applied unless the percentage of germination is shown on the seed package or label attached to the seed container. If no germination percentage is shown on the label, the seed must meet the minimum standards without benefit of tolerance.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-4001 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-04-09 § 11, eff. November 13, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 2, Issue 4, eff. December 24, 1985; Volume 2, Issue 17, eff. June 25, 1986; Volume 3, Issue 1, eff. November 12, 1986; Volume 7, Issue 7, eff. January 31, 1991; Volume 25, Issue 11, eff. March 4, 2009.

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