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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 510. Rules and Regulations Governing the Production, Processing, and Sale of Ice Cream, Frozen Desserts, and Similar Products

2VAC5-510-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Adulterated milk, milk products, and frozen desserts" means any milk, milk products, other frozen dessert ingredient, frozen desserts or frozen desserts mix which:

1. Bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance in a quantity which may render it injurious to health;

2. Bears or contains any added poisonous or deleterious substance for which no safe tolerance has been established by state or federal regulation, or in excess of such tolerance if one has been established;

3. Consists, in whole or in part, of any substance unfit for human consumption;

4. Has been produced, processed, prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions;

5. Container is composed, in whole or in part, of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health; or

6. Any substance has been added thereto or mixed or packed therewith so as to increase its bulk or weight, or reduce its quality or strength, or make it appear better or of greater value than it is.

"Commissary or depot" means any place, premise, or establishment in which pasteurized mix, ingredients, containers, or supplies are prepared or stored for the servicing of one or more mobile units, and where facilities are provided for cleaning the vehicle and the cleaning and bactericidal treatment of equipment and utensils.

"Frozen desserts manufacturer" means any person who manufactures, processes, converts, partially freezes, or freezes any mix or frozen desserts for distribution or sale.

"Frozen desserts plant" means any place or premises where frozen desserts or mix are manufactured, processed, or frozen for distribution or sale at wholesale.

"Frozen desserts retail establishment" means any place or premises including retail stores, stands, hotels, restaurants, and vehicles or mobile units where frozen desserts are frozen or partially frozen or dispensed for sale at retail.

"Misbranded" means milk, milk products, other frozen desserts ingredients, frozen desserts and frozen desserts mix are misbranded when:

1. Their containers bear or accompany any false or misleading written, printed, or graphic matter;

2. Such milk and products do not conform to their definitions as contained in this chapter; and

3. Such products are not labeled in accordance with Part VI (2VAC5-510-430 et seq.) of this chapter.

"Mobile unit" means any vehicle or temporary establishment that shall travel from place to place in which a frozen desserts processor freezes, partially freezes, or dispenses frozen desserts for sale.

"Official methods" means Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, a publication of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. A modified Roese-Gottlieb test, such as the Mojonnier' or Dietert, may be used in making official determination of the butterfat and total solids content of frozen dairy food products.

"Pasteurization" or "pasteurized" means the process of heating, in approved and properly operated equipment, every particle of mix to any one of the following temperatures and holding at the temperature for the specified time:

1. 155°F and holding at such temperature for at least 30 minutes.

2. 175°F and holding at such temperature for at least 25 seconds.

Nothing contained in this definition shall be construed as barring any other method of process, or combination of times and temperatures, as may be demonstrated to be equally efficient.

"Permit" means authority issued under the Act by the regulatory agency.

"Person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, company, firm, trustee, or association.

"Plant" means any place, premise, or establishment where milk or dairy products are received or handled for processing or manufacturing the products defined herein.

"Powder" or "dry frozen desserts mix" means a frozen desserts mix in a dry form.

"Standard methods" means Standard Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products, a publication of the American Public Health Association.

"3-A Sanitary standards and accepted practices" means the standards for dairy equipment and accepted practices formulated by the 3-A Sanitary Standards Committees representing the International Association for Food Protection, the United States Public Health Service, and the Dairy Industry Committee, Published by the 3-A Sanitary Standards, Incorporated.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 1, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987; Volume 24, Issue 17, eff. June 12, 2008.

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