Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 510. Rules and Regulations Governing the Production, Processing, and Sale of Ice Cream, Frozen Desserts, and Similar Products

2VAC5-510-460. Quality standards for pasteurized dairy ingredients, pasteurized and unpasteurized mixes or frozen desserts.

Pasteurized5 mix, dairy ingredients, frozen desserts and unpasteurized5 imitation mixes and imitation frozen desserts shall comply with the following standards:

Bacteria Count

Standard Plate Count
Not More Than1

Coliform Determ
Not More Than1

Storage Temp.









Fluid Dairy Ingredient







45°F2, 3, 6

Frozen Dessert (plain)



1In three out of the last five consecutive samples taken by the Regulatory Agency.

2This does not preclude holding mix at higher temperatures for a short period of time immediately prior to freezing where applicable to particular manufacturing or processing practices.

3This does not apply to sterilized mix in hermetically sealed containers.

420/gr. for chocolate, fruit, nuts, or other bulky flavored frozen desserts.

5The phenol value shall be no greater than the minimum specified for the particular product, as determined by the phosphatase test of the latest edition of "Standard Methods."

6This does not apply to powder or dry frozen desserts mix.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 8.2, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987.

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