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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department Of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 510. Rules and Regulations Governing the Production, Processing, and Sale of Ice Cream, Frozen Desserts, and Similar Products
11/29/2021

2VAC5-510-90. Fruit sherbets; identity; label statement of optional ingredients; fruit sherbet mix.

A. Fruit sherbets are the foods each of which is prepared by freezing, while stirring, a mix composed of one or more of the optional characterizing fruit ingredients specified in subsection B of this section and one or more to the optional ingredients specified in subsection C of this section, sweetened with one or more of the optional sweetening ingredients specified in subsection D of this section. One or more of the optional ingredients specified in subsection E of this section may be used, subject to the conditions hereinafter set forth. The mix of combined dairy ingredients, with or without other ingredients, is pasteurized. The titratable acidity of the finished fruit sherbet, calculated as lactic acid, is not less than 0.35%. The mix with or without added water may be seasoned with salt, and may be homogenized. The optional dairy ingredients used and the content of milkfat and nonfat milk solids therein are such that the weight of milkfat is not less than 1.0% and not more than 2.0%, and the weight of total milk solids is not less than 2.0% and not more than 5.0% of the weight of the finished fruit sherbet. The optional caseinates specified in subdivision 7 of subsection E of this section are not deemed to be milk solids. The finished fruit sherbet weights not less than six pounds to the gallon; except that when the optional ingredient microcrystalline cellulose specified in subdivision 11 of subsection E of this section is used, the finished fruit sherbet weighs not less than six pounds to the gallon, exclusive of the weight of the microcrystalline cellulose.

B. The optional fruit characterizing ingredients referred to in subsection A of this section are any mature fruit or the juice of any mature fruit. The fruit or fruit juice used may be fresh, frozen canned, concentrated, or partially or wholly dried. The fruit may be thickened with pectin or other of the optional ingredients named in subdivision 2 of subsection E of this section, subject to the restriction on the total quantity of such substances in fruit sherbets prescribed in that subsection. The fruit is prepared by the removal of pits, seeds, skins, and cores, where such removal is usual in preparing that kind of fruit for consumption as fresh fruit. The fruit may be screened, crushed, or otherwise comminuted. It may be acidulated with citric acid, ascorbic acid, or phosphoric acid. In the case of concentrated fruit or fruit juices from which part of the water is removed, substances contributing flavor volatilized during water removal may be condensed and reincorporated in the concentrated fruit or fruit juice. In the case of citrus fruits, the whole fruit, including the peel but excluding the seeds, may be used, and in the case of citrus juice or concentrated citrus juices, cold-pressed citrus oil may be added thereto in an amount not exceeding that which would have been obtained if the whole fruit had been used. The quantity of fruit ingredients used is such that, in relation to the weight of the finished sherbet, the weight of fruit or fruit juice, as the case may be, including water necessary to reconstitute partially or wholly dried fruits or fruit juices to their original moisture content, is not less than 2.0% in the case of citrus sherbets, 6.0% in the case of berry sherbets, and 10% in the case of sherbets prepared with other fruits. For the purposes of this section, tomatoes and rhubarb are considered as kinds of fruit.

C. The optional dairy ingredients referred to in subsection A of this section are: cream, dried cream, plastic cream, (sometimes known as concentrated milkfat), butter, butter oil, milk, concentrated milk, evaporated milk, superheated condensed milk, sweetened condensed milk, dried milk, skim milk, concentrated skim milk, evaporated skim milk, condensed skim milk, superheated condensed skim milk, sweetened condensed skim milk, sweetened condensed part-skim milk, nonfat dry milk, sweet cream buttermilk, condensed sweet cream buttermilk, dried sweet cream buttermilk, skim milk that has been concentrated and from which part of the lactose has been removed by crystallization, concentrated cheese whey, and dried cheese whey. Water may be added, or water may be evaporated from the mix. The sweet cream buttermilk and the concentrated sweet cream buttermilk or dried sweet cream buttermilk, when adjusted with water to a total solids content of 8.5% has a titratable acidity of not more than 0.17%, calculated as lactic acid. The term "milk" as used in this section means cow's milk. Dried cheese whey is uniformly light in color, free from brown and black scorched particles, and has an alkalinity of ash, not more than 225 milliliters 0.1 N HC1 per 100 grams, a bacterial count of not more than 50,000 per gram, and, as adjusted with water to a total solids content of 6.5%, a titratable acidity of not more than 0.16% calculated as lactic acid. Concentrated cheese whey has an alkalinity of ash, not more than 115 milliliters 0.1 N HC1 per 100 grams, a bacterial count of not more than 50,000 per gram, and, as adjusted with water to a total solids content of 6.5%, a titratable acidity of not more than 0.18%, calculated as lactic acid.

D. The optional sweetening ingredients referred to in subsection A of this section are: sugar (sucrose), dextrose, invert sugar (paste or sirup), glucose sirup, dried glucose sirup, corn sirup, dried corn sirup, malt sirup, malt extract, dried malt sirup, dried malt extract, maltose sirup, dried maltose sirup.

E. Other optional ingredients referred to in subsection A of this section are:

1. Liquid eggs, frozen eggs, dried eggs, egg yolks, frozen yolks; dried yolks; but the weight of the egg yolk solids therein is less than 0.5% of the weight of the finished fruit sherbet.

2. Agar-agar, algin (sodium alginate), calcium sulfate, egg white, gelatin, gum acacia, guar seed gum, gum karaya, locust bean gum, oat gum, gum tragacanth, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, carrageenan, salts of carrageenan, furcelleran, salts of furcelleran, lecithin, pectin, psyllium seed husk, sodium carboxymethylcellulose. The total weight of the solids of any such ingredient used singly or of any combination of two or more such ingredients used (including any such ingredient added separately to the fruit ingredient) is not more than 0.5% of the weight of the finished fruit sherbet. Such ingredients may be added in admixture with dextrin, propylene glycol, or glycerin.

3. Monoglycerides or diglycerides or both of fat-forming fatty acids. The total weight of such ingredients is not more than 0.2% of the weight of the finished fruit sherbet. If the preparation used is one of having a high proportion of monoglycerides (over 90%), it may be preblended with edible fat, but the amount of such fat does not exceed 20% by weight of the blend, and the total amount of the blend used does not exceed 0.2% of the weight of the finished fruit sherbet.

4. Polysorbate 65, polysorbate 80, or both (the limit on either used separately or both used in combination of not more than 0.1% by weight of the finished frozen dessert).

5. Propylene glycol alginate (limit of not more than 0.5% by weight of the finished frozen dessert).

6. Citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, lactic acid, ascorbic acid, phosphoric acid, or any combination of two or more of these in such quantity as seasons the finished food.

7. Casein prepared by precipitation with gums, ammonium caseinate, calcium caseinate, potassium caseinate, sodium caseinate.

8. Any natural food flavoring.

9. Any artificial flavoring.

10. Coloring, including artificial coloring.

11. Microcrystalline cellulose, in a quantity not to exceed 0.5% of the weight of the finished fruit sherbet.

12. When one or more of the optional thickening ingredients in subdivision 2 or 5 of this subsection are used, dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate may be used in a quantity not in excess of 0.5% by weight of such ingredients.

F. The name of each such fruit sherbet is "__________ sherbet," the blank being filled in with the common name of the fruit or fruits from which the fruit ingredients used are obtained. When the names of two or more fruits are included, such names shall be arranged in order of predominance, if any, by weight of the respective fruit ingredients used.

G. When the optional ingredients artificial coloring or artificial flavorings are used in fruit sherbet they shall be named on the labels as follows:

1. The label shall designate artificial coloring by the statement "artificially colored," "artificial coloring added," "with added artificial coloring," or "__________ an artificial color added," the blank being filled in with the name of the artificial coloring used.

2. The label shall designate artificial flavoring by the statement "artificially flavored," "artificial flavoring added," "with added artificial flavoring," or "__________ an artificial flavor added," the blank being filled in with the name of the artificial flavoring used.

3. Whenever artificial flavoring is not added as such but as a component of some other ingredient, the label shall include the statement "__________ artificially flavored," the blank being filled in with the name of such other ingredient.

4. When the optional ingredient microcrystalline cellulose specified in subdivision 11 of subsection E of this section is used, the label shall bear the statement "microcrystalline cellulose added" or "with added microcrystalline cellulose." Label statements may be combined, as for example, "with added artificial flavoring and artificial coloring."

H. Where one or more of the optional ingredients artificial coloring or artificial flavoring are used and there appears on the label any representation as to the fruit or fruits in the sherbet, such representation shall be immediately and conspicuously accompanied by appropriate label statements as prescribed in subsection G of this section, showing the optional ingredients used.

I. Wherever the name of the food appears on the label so conspicuously as to be easily seen under customary conditions of purchase, the statements specified in this section, showing the optional ingredients used, shall immediately and conspicuously precede or follow such name without intervening written, printed, or graphic matter.

J. Fruit sherbet mix is the pasteurized unfrozen combination of ingredients that when frozen while stirring will produce a product conforming to the definition of fruit sherbet.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 3.7, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987; Volume 24, Issue 17, eff. June 12, 2008.

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