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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 585. Retail Food Establishment Regulations

2VAC5-585-980. Lead use limitation.

A. Ceramic, china, and crystal utensils, and decorative utensils such as hand-painted ceramic or china that are used in contact with food shall be lead-free or contain levels of lead not exceeding the limits of the following utensil categories:P

Utensil Category

Ceramic Article Description

Maximum Lead (mg/L)


Beverage Mugs, Cups, Pitchers

Coffee Mugs


Large Hollowware (excluding pitchers)

Bowls ≥1.1 Liter (1.16 Quart)


Small Hollowware (excluding cups and mugs)

Bowls <1.1 Liter (1.16 Quart)


Flat Tableware

Plates, Saucers


B. Pewter alloys containing lead in excess of 0.05% may not be used as a food-contact surface.P

C. Solder and flux containing lead in excess of 0.2% may not be used as a food-contact surface.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-5121 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. October 16, 2007; amended, Virginia Register Volume 26, Issue 7, eff. January 1, 2010; Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 12, 2016; Volume 37, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2021.

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