Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 30. Department For Aging And Rehabilitative Services
Chapter 120. Adult Services Approved Providers

22VAC30-120-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Activities of daily living" or "ADLs" means bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, bowel control, bladder control, and eating/feeding. A person's degree of independence in performing these activities is part of determining the appropriate level of care and services.

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older, or younger than 18 if legally emancipated.

"Adult abuse" means the willful infliction of physical pain, injury or mental anguish or unreasonable confinement of an adult as defined in § 63.2-1603 of the Code of Virginia.

"Adult exploitation" means the illegal, unauthorized, improper, or fraudulent use of an adult as defined in § 63.2-1603 or the adult's funds, property, benefits, resources, or other assets for another's profit, benefit, or advantage, including a caregiver or person serving in a fiduciary capacity, or that deprives the adult of his rightful use of or access to such fund, property, benefits resources, or other assets. "Adult exploitation" includes (i) an intentional breach of a fiduciary obligation to an adult to the adult's detriment or an intentional failure to use the financial resources of an adult in a manner that results in the neglect of such adult; (ii) the acquisition, possession, or control of an adult's financial resources or property through the use of undue influence, coercion, or duress; and (iii) forcing or coercing an adult to pay for goods or services or perform services against the adult's will for another's profit, benefit, or advantage if the adult did not agree or was tricked, misled, or defrauded into agreeing, to pay for such goods or services or perform such services.

"Adult foster care" means room and board, supervision, and special services to an adult who has a physical or mental condition. Adult foster care may be provided by a single provider for up to three adults.

"Adult foster care provider" means a provider who gives room and board, supervision, and special services in the provider's own home to an adult with a physical or mental condition. Adult foster care may be provided by a single provider for up to three adults. Care provided for more than three adults requires licensure as an assisted living facility by the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Adult neglect" means that an adult as defined in § 63.2-1603 is living under such circumstances that the adult is not able to provide for himself or is not being provided services necessary to maintain the adult's physical and mental health and that the failure to receive such necessary services impairs or threatens to impair the adult's well-being. However, no adult shall be considered neglected solely on the basis that such adult is receiving religious nonmedical treatment or religious nonmedical nursing care in lieu of medical care, provided that such treatment or care is performed in good faith and in accordance with the religious practices of the adult, and there is a written or oral expression of consent by that adult.

"Assistant" means any individual who is responsible to assist an approved provider in caring for adults. Assistants shall meet the standards set forth in this chapter.

"Chore provider" means a provider who performs nonroutine, heavy home maintenance tasks for adults, including minor repair work on furniture and appliances in the adult's home; carrying coal, wood, or water; chopping wood; removing snow; yard maintenance; and painting.

"Companion provider" means a provider who assists adults with activities such as light housekeeping, companionship, shopping, meal preparation, transportation, laundry, money management, and ADLs.

"Department" means the Virginia Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services.

"Health care professional" means a physician or other health care practitioner licensed, accredited, or certified to perform specific health care services consistent with the laws of the Commonwealth.

"Homemaker provider" means a provider who gives instruction in or, where appropriate, performs activities such as personal care, household management, household maintenance, nutrition, consumer, or hygiene education.

"In-home provider" means an individual who provides care in the home of the adult. In-home providers are companion, chore, and homemaker providers.

"Instrumental activities of daily living" or "IADLs" means meal preparation, light housekeeping, shopping, money management, laundry, using the telephone, and home maintenance. An adult's degree of independence in performing these activities is part of determining an adult's service needs.

"Local department" means the local department of social services of any county or city in this Commonwealth.

"Local department-approved provider" means a provider that is not subject to licensure by the Virginia Department of Health and is approved by a local department to provide in-home or adult foster care services to adults.

"Personal care services" means the provision of nonskilled services to the adult, including ADLs, and may include IADLs, to maintain the adult safely in the adult's home.

"Personal toiletries" means hygiene items provided to the individual by the adult foster care provider, including deodorant, razor, shaving cream, shampoo, soap, toothbrush, and toothpaste.

"Responsible person" means an individual who is authorized by state law to make decisions concerning the adult and to receive information about the adult.

"Significant change" means a change in an adult's condition that is expected to last longer than 30 calendar days. It does not include short-term changes that resolve with or without intervention, a short-term acute illness or episodic event, or a well-established, predictive, cyclic pattern of clinical signs and symptoms associated with a previously diagnosed condition for which an appropriate course of treatment is in progress.

Statutory Authority

§ 51.5-131 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Former 22VAC40-771-10, derived from Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 2, eff. November 1, 2007; amended and renumbered as 22VAC30-120-10, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 1, eff. October 9, 2013; Volume 33, Issue 26, eff. September 21, 2017; Volume 39, Issue 19, eff. June 8, 2023.

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