Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 30. Department For Aging And Rehabilitative Services
Chapter 20. Provision of Vocational Rehabilitation Services

22VAC30-20-120. Scope of vocational rehabilitation services for individuals.

A. Pre-employment transition services. The department, in collaboration with the local education agencies involved, shall provide or arrange for the provision of pre-employment transition services for all students with disabilities as defined in 22VAC30-20-10 who are in need of such services regardless of whether the student has applied or been determined eligible for vocational rehabilitation service.

1. The department shall provide the following required pre-employment transition services:

a. Job exploration counseling;

b. Work-based learning experiences, which may include in-school or after school opportunities, or experience outside the traditional school setting (including internships), provided in an integrated environment to the maximum extent possible;

c. Counseling on opportunities for enrollment in comprehensive transition or postsecondary educational programs at institutions of higher education;

d. Workplace readiness training to develop social skills and independent living; and

e. Instruction in self-advocacy (including instruction in person-centered planning), which may include peer mentoring (including peer mentoring from individuals with disabilities working in competitive integrated employment).

2. The department may provide the following authorized pre-employment transition services if funds are available and remaining after the provision of the required activities described in subdivision 1 of this subsection:

a. Implement effective strategies to increase the likelihood of independent living and inclusion in communities and competitive integrated workplaces;

b. Develop and improve strategies for individuals with intellectual disabilities and individuals with significant disabilities to (i) live independently, (ii) participate in postsecondary education experiences, and (iii) obtain, advance in, and retain competitive integrated employment;

c. Provide instruction to vocational rehabilitation counselors, school transition personnel, and other persons supporting students with disabilities;

d. Disseminate information about innovative, effective, and efficient approached to achieve the goals of this subsection;

e. Coordinate activities with transition services provided by local education agencies under the IDEA;

f. Apply evidence-based findings to improve policy, procedure, practice, and the preparation of personnel in order to better achieve the goals of this section;

g. Develop model transition demonstration projects;

h. Establish or support multistate or regional partnerships involving states, local educational agencies, designated state units, developmental disability agencies, private businesses, or other participants to achieve the goals of this section; and

i. Disseminate information and strategies to improve the transition to postsecondary activities of individuals who are members of traditionally unserved and underserved populations.

3. Each local office of the department shall carry out the responsibilities of:

a. Attending individualized education program meetings for students with disabilities when invited;

b. Working with the local workforce development boards, one-stop centers, and employers to develop work opportunities for students with disabilities, including internships, summer employment, other employment opportunities available throughout the school year, and apprenticeships;

c. Working with schools, including those carrying out activities under § 614(d) of IDEA, to coordinate and ensure the provision of pre-employment transition services under this section; and

d. When invited, attending person-centered planning meetings for individuals receiving services under Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

B. Services for individuals who have applied for or been determined eligible for vocational rehabilitation services. As appropriate to the vocational rehabilitation needs of each individual and consistent with each individual's individualized plan for employment, the department shall ensure that the following vocational rehabilitation services are available to assist the individual with a disability in preparing for, securing, retaining, advancing in, or regaining an employment outcome that is consistent with the individual's strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests, and informed choice:

1. Assessment for determining eligibility and priority for services and assessment for determining vocational rehabilitation needs by qualified personnel including, if appropriate, an assessment by personnel skilled in rehabilitation technology in accordance with 22VAC30-20-10.

2. Vocational rehabilitation counseling and guidance, including information and support services to assist an individual in exercising informed choice.

3. Referral and other services necessary to assist applicants and eligible individuals to secure needed services from other agencies, including other components of the statewide workforce development system and to advise those individuals about the Client Assistance Program.

4. Physical and mental restoration services, in accordance with the definition in 22VAC30-20-10, to the extent that financial support is not readily available from a source other than the department (such as through health insurance or comparable services and benefits as defined in 22VAC30-20-10).

a. Eligibility requirements.

(1) Stable or slowly progressive. The physical or mental condition shall be stable or slowly progressive. The condition shall not be acute or transitory, or of such recent origin that the resulting functional limitations and the extent to which the limitations affect occupational performance cannot be identified.

(2) Refusal of service. When an individual has a physical or mental disability with resulting limitations that constitute a barrier to employment, and when in the opinion of licensed medical personnel these limitations can be removed by physical or mental restoration services without injury to the individual, the individual shall not be eligible for any rehabilitation services, except counseling, guidance and placement if he refuses to accept the appropriate physical or mental restoration services. A second opinion may be provided at the individual's request. In the event of conflicting medical opinions, the department shall secure a third opinion and the decision shall be made on the two concurring opinions.

b. Provision of physical and mental restoration services. These services shall be provided only when:

(1) Recommended by a licensed practitioner;

(2) Services are not available from another source; and

(3) They are provided in conjunction with counseling and guidance, and other services, as deemed appropriate.

The department shall not make case expenditures for acute or intermediate medical care except for medical complications and emergencies that are associated with or arise out of the provision of vocational rehabilitation services under an individualized plan for employment and that are inherent in the condition under treatment.

c. Services not sponsored by the department. The department, in consultation with appropriate medical resources, shall determine those restoration services that shall be provided by the department. The following procedures shall not be provided:

(1) Experimental procedures;

(2) High risk procedures;

(3) Procedures with limited vocational outcomes or procedures not related to the vocational outcome; and

(4) Procedures with uncertain outcomes.

5. Vocational and other training services, including personal and vocational adjustment training, advanced training in, but not limited to, a field of science, technology engineering, mathematics (including computer science), medicine, law, or business; books, tools, and other training materials, except that no training or training services in institutions of higher education (universities, colleges, community or junior colleges, vocational schools, technical institutes, hospital schools of nursing, or any other postsecondary education institution) may be paid for with funds under this section unless maximum efforts have been made by the department and the individual to secure grant assistance in whole or in part from other sources to pay for that training.

All training services provided shall be related to attainment of the vocational objective or provide for the determination of eligibility for vocational rehabilitation services. Vocational training includes any organized form of instruction that provides the knowledge and skills essential for performing the tasks involved in an occupation. Vocational training may be obtained in institutions such as colleges, universities, business schools, nursing schools, and trade and technical schools. It may also be obtained by on-the-job training, apprenticeship programs, tutorial training, or correspondence study.

a. Approved training institutions. Only training institutions approved in accordance with the department's vendor approval process shall be used.

b. College and university academic training.

(1) Academic requirements. The individual shall take sufficient academic credit hours based on the requirement of the college attended for classification as a full-time student, unless this is, in the opinion of the department, contraindicated by the individual's disability. Courses shall meet the institution's requirement toward the obtainment of the degree or certificate. Continuation of financial assistance by the department shall be dependent upon the individual maintaining the grade average required by the institution for the particular course of study. When the institution has no grade requirement, continuation of financial assistance by the department shall be dependent upon the individual maintaining a "C" average calculated over the academic year. When the individual fails to maintain the required academic grade average, assistance may be discontinued. The department's assistance may be reinstated when the individual completes one semester or quarter with the minimum required grade average.

Each individual shall be advised that failure to provide grades to the department shall be grounds for termination of departmental financial assistance.

(2) Graduate degree program. The department shall assist eligible individuals in securing a graduate degree only when it is judged essential to achieving an employment goal agreed to by the department and the individual.

(3) Virginia colleges and universities. Vocational training, including college or university training, shall be provided by the department in department-approved institutions located within the boundaries of the Commonwealth, unless such training is not available within the Commonwealth. Institutions in the areas of Washington, D.C.; Bristol-Johnson City-Kingsport, Tennessee; the city of Bluefield, West Virginia; and other cities where the services may be provided more effectively and economically and shall be treated as if located in Virginia.

(4) Tuition and mandatory fees. The department may pay tuition for college and university training in an amount not in excess of the highest amount charged for tuition by a state-supported institution or the rate published in the catalog, whichever is less, except where out-of-state or private college is necessary. Published tuition costs in excess of the highest amount charged by a state-supported institution may be necessary and may be paid by the department if no state-supported institution is available that offers the degree program needed to achieve the established employment goal, if no state-supported program offers disability-related supports to enable the individual to achieve the established employment goal, or if an out-of-state or private program is more economical for the department.

(5) Scholarships and grants. Training services in institutions of higher education shall be paid for with departmental funds only after maximum efforts have been made by the individual to secure assistance in whole or in part from other sources; however, any individual eligible for vocational rehabilitation training services but not meeting the financial need test of the department may be provided an assistance grant annually in an amount not to exceed the equivalent of one quarter's tuition of a full-time community college student.

c. Correspondence study. The correspondence study training may be authorized only when:

(1) The individual requires specific preliminary training in order to enter a training program or training cannot be arranged by any other method; and

(2) Satisfactory progress is maintained.

d. On-the-job training. The department may enter into agreements with employers in the private or public sector to provide on-the-job training services. The terms and conditions of each individual agreement shall be established by the department.

e. Part-time training. Part-time training may be utilized only when the severity of the individual's disability shall not allow the individual to pursue training on a full-time basis. Part-time training shall be authorized only at department-approved facilities and schools.

f. Work adjustment training. Work adjustment training may be provided if needed for the individual to engage in subsequent vocational rehabilitation services as indicated by the thorough diagnostic study assessment of medical, vocational, psychological, and other factors. This service may be provided only by the department or approved vendors.

g. Prevocational training. Prevocational training may be provided if needed for the individual to engage in subsequent vocational rehabilitation services as indicated by the thorough diagnostic study assessment of medical, vocational, psychological, and other factors. This service may be provided only by the department or approved vendors.

h. Tutorial training. Tutorial training may be provided if needed for the individual to achieve a vocational goal as indicated by the thorough diagnostic study assessment of medical, vocational, psychological, and other factors. This service may be provided only by the department or approved vendors.

i. Other higher education training concerns.

(1) Required textbooks and supplies. The maximum amount of departmental financial assistance for required textbooks and supplies (pencils, paper, etc.) shall not exceed the amount determined by the institution for books and supplies in the student's school budget.

(2) Required training materials. Training materials may be provided when required by the instructor.

6. Maintenance in accordance with the definition of that term in 22VAC30-20-10.

a. Clothes. Clothes shall be provided when specifically required for participation in a training program or for placement in a specialized job area as determined by the department.

b. Room, board, and utilities. The maximum rate paid for room, board, and utilities shall be established annually by the department.

(1) Training cases. The maximum amount of departmental financial assistance for room and board at a training institution (college, vocational school, rehabilitation center facility), when the institution is able to provide room and board, shall not exceed the published room and board rates charged by the institution, or the actual cost, whichever is less.

(2) While living at home. Maintenance shall be provided for an individual living at home only when the individual's income supports the family unit of the individual, when it is more cost effective for the department, or when it is in the best interest of the individual's vocational rehabilitation program based on mutual agreement of the rehabilitation counselor and the individual.

7. Transportation in connection with the rendering of any vocational rehabilitation service and in accordance with the definition of that term in 22VAC30-20-10. Transportation may include relocation and moving expenses necessary for achieving a vocational rehabilitation objective.

a. Transportation costs. The department shall pay the most economical rate for accessible public transportation. When public transportation is not available, or the individual, because of disability, cannot travel by public transportation, transportation may be provided at a rate established by the department.

b. For and during training services. When the individual must live at the training location, the department may only pay for a one-way trip from the residence to the training location at the beginning of the training and a one-way trip from the training location to the residence or job site at the conclusion of the training program. Transportation may be paid to and from the residence in case of emergency (severe illness or death in family, acute business emergency, or prolonged school closing such as Christmas holidays). Local bus fare also may be provided. When the individual's physical condition is such that travel by public conveyance is impossible, taxi fare may be allowed from place of residence to training site and return. When the individual lives at home and the training site requires daily transportation, the cost of such transportation may be paid.

8. Vocational rehabilitation services to family members of an applicant or eligible individual if necessary to enable the applicant or eligible individual to achieve an employment outcome. Services to family members of the individual may be provided when such services may be expected to contribute substantially to the determination of vocational rehabilitation potential or to the rehabilitation of the individual. In order for the department to furnish these services, they shall not be available from any other source.

a. Family member is defined in 22VAC30-20-10.

b. Day care services for dependent children. The department may pay up to the amount paid per child, per day, by the local social services department in the locality in which the child is located. When more than one child is involved, rates for the additional children may be lower. When satisfactory accommodations can be secured at a rate lower than that paid by the local social services department, the lower rate shall be paid by the department.

9. Interpreter services, including sign language and oral interpreter services for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing; tactile interpreting services for individuals who are deaf-blind provided by qualified personnel; and reader services, rehabilitation teaching services, and orientation and mobility services for individuals who are blind.

a. Upon request of the individual or as needed, these services may be provided at any stage during the rehabilitation process. Interpreting may be primarily in the form of sign language (manual method) or oral interpretation (oral method).

b. The department shall pay for interpreting services when these services contribute to the individual's vocational rehabilitation program.

c. The interpreter shall hold at least one of the credentials approved by the Virginia Department for the Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing pursuant to § 51.5-113 of the Code of Virginia.

d. When individuals with deafness are in a training program, the department shall arrange for note taking or reader services, unless the individual indicates such service is not needed or desired.

10. Rehabilitation technology, in accordance with the definition of that term in 22VAC30-20-10, including vehicular modification, telecommunications, sensory, and other technological aids and devices.

a. Telecommunications system. Services related to use of a telecommunications system shall meet established federal or state health and safety standards and be consistent with written state policies.

b. Sensory and other technological aids and devices. The department may provide electronic or mechanical pieces of equipment or hardware intended to improve or substitute for one or more of the human senses, or for impaired mobility, or motor coordination.

Services related to use of sensory and other technological aids and devices shall meet established federal or state health and safety standards and be consistent with state law and regulations.

(1) An otological evaluation may be required, and an audiological examination shall be required before the department may purchase a hearing aid.

(2) The department shall purchase hearing aids only for those individuals identified as benefiting in terms of employability as a direct result of such aid.

11. Technical assistance and other consultation services to conduct market analyses, develop business plans, and otherwise provide resources, to the extent those resources are authorized to be provided through the statewide workforce development system, to eligible individuals who are pursuing self-employment or telecommuting or establishing a small business operation as an employment outcome.

12. Job related services, including job search and placement assistance, job retention services, follow-up services, and follow-along services. Placement shall be in accordance with the mutually agreed upon vocational objective and is the responsibility of both the individual and the department.

13. Post-employment services, in accordance with the definition of that term in 22VAC30-20-10.

a. Selection criteria. All individuals whose vocational rehabilitation cases have been closed as achieving an employment outcome may be considered for post-employment services. The department may evaluate with each individual the need for such services.

b. All of the following criteria shall be met for an individual to receive post-employment services:

(1) The individual shall have been determined to have achieved an employment outcome;

(2) The disabling medical condition shall be stable or slowly progressive;

(3) Post-employment services shall be necessary to assist the individual in maintaining employment; and

(4) The problem interfering with the individual maintaining employment does not require a complex or comprehensive rehabilitation effort, that is, a new and distinct disabling condition has not occurred that requires a new application.

If needed services exceed any of the conditions in subdivisions 13 b (1) through 13 b (4) of this subsection, the department may take a new application.

14. Supported employment services, as defined in 22VAC30-20-10.

a. An individual with a most significant disability, including a youth with a most significant disability, shall be eligible for supported employment services if:

(1) Competitive integrated employment has not historically occurred; or

(2) Competitive integrated employment has been interrupted or intermittent as a result of a significant disability; and

(3) The nature and severity of the disability results in the need for intensive supported employment services and extended services after the transition from support provided by the department in order to perform the work.

b. The following activities shall be authorized under the supported employment program:

(1) Evaluation of rehabilitation and career needs of individuals with the most significant disabilities in terms of a supported employment outcome;

(2) Development of and placement in jobs for individuals with the most significant disabilities; and

(3) Provision of time-limited services needed to support individuals with the most significant disabilities in employment, including:

(a) Intensive on-the-job skills training provided by skilled job trainers, coworkers, and other qualified individuals;

(b) Ongoing support services needed to support and maintain an individual's supported employment placement that shall include, at a minimum, twice monthly monitoring to assess the individual's employment stability;

(c) Extended services designed to reinforce and stabilize the job placement;

(d) Customized employment as appropriate; and

(e) Discrete post-employment services unavailable from the extended services provider that are necessary to maintain or regain the job placement or advance in employment, including job station redesign, repair and maintenance of assistive technology, and replacement of prosthetic and orthotic devices.

c. The department shall provide for the transition of an individual with the most significant disabilities to extended services no later than 24 months after placement in supported employment, unless a longer period is needed to achieve the employment outcome in the individualized plan for employment and the eligible individual and the department jointly agree to extend the time.

d. The department may provide extended services as defined in 22VAC30-20-10 to a youth with the most significant disability for a period of time not to exceed four years, or until such time that a youth reaches the age of 25 years and no longer meets the definition of youth with a disability under 22VAC30-20-10.

15. Occupational licenses, tools, equipment, initial stocks (including livestock), and supplies.

a. Licenses. Licenses required for entrance into selected vocations may be provided. These may be occupational or business licenses as required by the local governing body, state board examinations required by the Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation, and motor vehicle operator's license.

b. Tools and equipment. Tools and equipment shall be provided for an individual when:

(1) They are required for a job or occupation that is best suited to the utilization of the individual's abilities and skills;

(2) The employer does not ordinarily furnish these articles; and

(3) They are for the exclusive use of the individual.

Such articles shall be for the individual's own use in the performance of his work and must remain in his possession and under his control as long as he engages in the job or occupation for which they are provided.

If the individual alleges that tools and equipment are stolen, the individual shall file a stolen property report with the local police.

Computer equipment and software shall be provided if required as indicated in subdivisions 15 b (1), 15 b (2), and 15 b (3) of this subsection, or if it is necessary for vocational training.

c. Title retention and release. The department shall comply with state laws and regulations on the retention of title and release of title of equipment to individuals.

d. Repossession of tools and equipment. The department shall repossess all occupational tools and equipment to which the department retains title when they are no longer being used for the purposes intended by the individual for whom they were purchased.

16. Transition services for students and youth with disabilities that facilitate the transition from school to postsecondary life, such as achievement of an employment outcome in competitive integrated employment or pre-employment transition services for students.

17. Personal assistance services, in accordance with the definition of that term in 22VAC30-20-10.

18. Other goods and services determined necessary for the individual with a disability to achieve an employment outcome. These include such services as peer counseling, independent living skills training, attendant care, and attendant training. The department shall not purchase or participate in the purchase of automotive vehicles.

19. Customized employment in accordance with the definition of that term in 22VAC30-20-10.

20. Services to groups. The department may provide vocational rehabilitation services to groups of individuals with disabilities when the services may contribute substantially to the needs of the group; although the services are not related directly to the individualized employment plan of any one person with a disability.

Statutory Authority

§ 51.5-131 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR595-01-1 § 12, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 1, eff. November 2, 1994; Volume 17, Issue 7, eff. January 17, 2001; Volume 19, Issue 14, eff. April 24, 2003; Volume 33, Issue 10, eff. February 8, 2017; Volume 35, Issue 1, eff. October 3, 2018.

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