Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 40. Department of Social Services
Chapter 61. Standards and Regulations for Licensed Adult Day Care Centers

22VAC40-61-320. Assistance with Activities of Daily Living and Ambulation.

A. Dignity, privacy, and confidentiality shall be maintained for participants whenever assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) is provided.

B. When providing assistance with ADLs, staff shall ensure all necessary supplies and equipment are available and organized to aid in assistance and to maximize the participant's safety.

C. Assistance with eating and feeding.

1. Dining areas shall be supervised by staff whenever meals or snacks are served.

2. Adequate staff shall be present in the dining areas to assist participants who cannot eat independently.

3. Self-feeding skills of participants shall be continuously observed and evaluated so that meals and snacks are not missed because of a participant's inability to feed himself.

4. Appropriate adapted utensils, including adapted plates, bowls, and cups with straws and handles, shall be utilized for those participants who need them. Information about effective eating adaptations shall be shared with the participant and his family. Assistance such as, but not limited to, opening containers and cutting food shall be provided to those participants who need it.

5. Low-stimulus dining areas shall be provided for participants with cognitive deficits or other conditions that impair concentration.

6. Changes in food and liquid intake shall be documented in the participant's record, and changes shall be made to the care plan to ensure adequate intake. The participant and his family shall be notified of such changes.

D. Assistance with ambulation and transfer.

1. The ability of the participant to safely transfer and ambulate shall be continually monitored. Any changes shall be documented in the participant's record and noted on the plan of care.

2. There shall be adequate staff to provide individualized assistance to participants to ambulate to activities, meals, and the restroom , and transfer, if such assistance is needed.

3. The center shall have at least one wheelchair available for emergency use, even if all participants are ambulatory or have their own wheelchairs.

4. Staff shall identify unmet ambulation and transfer needs, including equipment needs and repairs, and shall discuss such needs with the participant, family, legal representative, or physician, as appropriate.

5. Participants who use wheelchairs shall be offered other seating options throughout the day if appropriate.

E. Assistance with toileting.

1. Staff shall develop and follow appropriate toileting procedures for each participant who requires assistance according to that individual's abilities and plan of care.

2. Participants who are at risk of falling or who have other safety risks shall not be left alone while toileting.

3. Staff shall arrange for coverage of program responsibilities when they must leave the group to assist with toileting a participant.

F. Assistance with bathing.

1. A shower chair, bench, or other seating; safety equipment such as grab bars; and nonslip surfaces shall be provided.

2. The participant shall not be left unattended in the shower or bath. If the bathing area is not in sight or sound of other occupied parts of the building, there shall be an emergency call system to summon additional assistance.

G. Assistance with dressing.

1. Assistance shall be provided according to that individual's abilities and plan of care.

2. Extra clothing shall be available for participants who need to change during the day. Each participant may keep a change of clothing at the center, or the center may keep a supply to use as needed.

3. Participants' clothing, equipment, and supplies kept at the center shall be properly labeled and stored to prevent loss.

4. Special attention shall be given to footwear of participants who are at risk of falling. Staff shall encourage family members to provide appropriate shoes and shall document those recommendations in the participant's record.

Statutory Authority

§ 63.2-1733 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 36, Issue 03, eff. December 29, 2019.

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