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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 40. Department of Social Services
Chapter 665. Child Care Program
4/4/2020

22VAC40-665-580. Staff Training and Development.

A. Prior to approval as a subsidy vendor, the vendor or designee shall complete the Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff, which shall include training on the following topics and training modules:

1. Building and physical premises safety;

2. Emergency preparedness and response planning;

3. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and safe sleep practices;

4. Administration of medication, consistent with standards of parental consent;

5. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma (AHT);

6. Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions;

7. Recognizing child abuse and neglect and reporting responsibilities;

8. Preventing the spread of disease, including immunization requirements;

9. Handling and storage of hazardous materials and appropriate disposal of diapers and other items contaminated by body fluids;

10. Transportation;

11. Foundations of child development;

12. Inclusion: Exploring the meaning and the mindset;

13. Oral health; and

14. Introduction to the Child Care Subsidy Program.

B. Within the first 90 days of employment or subsidy vendor approval all staff who work directly with children shall complete Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff, which shall include training on the following topics and training modules:

1. Building and physical premises safety;

2. Emergency preparedness and response planning;

3. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and safe sleep practices;

4. Administration of medication, consistent with standards of parental consent;

5. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma (AHT);

6. Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions;

7. Recognizing child abuse and neglect and reporting responsibilities;

8. Preventing the spread of disease, including immunization requirements;

9. Handling and storage of hazardous materials and appropriate disposal of diapers and other items contaminated by body fluids;

10. Transportation;

11. Foundations of child development;

12. Inclusion: Exploring the meaning and mindset;

13. Oral health; and

14. Introduction to the Child Care Subsidy Program.

C. All staff who work directly with children and who are employed prior to October 17, 2018, shall complete Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff sponsored by the Department of Social Services, to include all of the topics applicable to new staff, within January 16, 2019. This training may count for staff annual training requirements in subsection H of this section.

D. Orientation training for staff shall be completed on the following facility specific topics prior to the staff member working alone with children and within seven days of the date of employment or the date of subsidy vendor approval:

1. Playground safety procedures;

2. Responsibilities for reporting suspected child abuse or neglect;

3. Confidentiality;

4. Supervision of children, including arrival and dismissal procedures;

5. Procedures for action in the case of lost or missing children, ill or injured children, and medical and general emergencies;

6. Medication administration procedures, if applicable;

7. Emergency preparedness plan as required in 22VAC40-665-770 B;

8. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma including coping with crying babies and fussy or distraught children;

9. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome and use of safe sleeping practices;

10. Staff who work with children that have food allergies shall receive training in preventing exposure to foods to which the child is allergic, preventing cross contamination, and recognizing and responding to any allergic reactions; and

11. Transportation.

E. All staff who work directly with children shall have within 90 days of the date of employment or 90 days from subsidy vendor approval:

1. Current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) appropriate to the age of children in care. The training shall include an in-person competency demonstration; and

2. Current certification in first aid. However, staff who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification.

During the 90-day period, there must always be at least one staff with current CPR and first aid training present during operating hours of the center.

F. All staff who work directly with children and who are employed by an approved vendor prior to October 17, 2018, must complete CPR and first aid training as required by this section within January 16, 2019. During this 90 days, there must always be at least one staff with current CPR and first aid training present during operating hours of the center.

G. CPR and First Aid training may count toward the annual training hours required in subsection H of this section if documentation for training as required in subdivision 5 of 22VAC40-665-530 is maintained.

H. Staff who work directly with children shall, in addition to preservice and orientation training required in subsections A through D of this section, annually attend at least 16 hours of training and staff development activities, to include the department's health and safety update course. Training shall be related to child safety, child development, the function of the center, and any required department sponsored training.

I. To safely perform medication administration practices, whenever a vendor agrees to administer prescribed medications, the (i) administration shall be performed by a staff member who has satisfactorily completed a training program for this purpose developed by the Board of Nursing and taught by a registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, doctor of medicine or osteopathic medicine, or pharmacist; or (ii) administration shall be performed by a staff member who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

The administration of medicines by a vendor may be limited by policy to:

1. Prescription medications;

2. Over-the-counter or nonprescription medications; or

3. No medications.

J. Staff required to have the training specified in subsection I of this section shall be retrained at three-year intervals.

K. There shall be at least one staff on duty who has obtained within the last three years instruction in performing a daily health observation of children. Daily health observation training shall include:

1. Components of daily health check for children;

2. Inclusion and exclusion of a child when the child is exhibiting symptoms that indicate possible illness;

3. Description of how diseases are spread and procedures and methods for reducing the spread of disease;

4. Information concerning the Virginia Department of Health Notification of Reportable Diseases pursuant to 12VAC5-90-80 and 12VAC5-90-90, also available from the local health department and the website of the Virginia Department of Health; and

5. Staff occupational health and safety practices in accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration's bloodborne pathogens regulation (29 CFR 1910.1030).

Statutory Authority

§§ 63.2-217, 63.2-319, and 63.2-611 of the Code of Virginia; 45 CFR 98.11.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 35, Issue 02, eff. October 17, 2018.

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