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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 24. Transportation And Motor Vehicles
Agency 35. Commission On The Virginia Alcohol Safety Action Program
Chapter 70. Remote Alcohol Monitoring Device Regulations
10/15/2021

24VAC35-70-50. Remote alcohol monitoring device specifications and certification.

A. All remote alcohol monitoring devices used in the Commonwealth of Virginia shall be certified by the commission. The commission shall maintain a list of approved remote alcohol monitoring devices.

B. A manufacturer seeking to have a remote alcohol monitoring device certified by the commission shall submit:

1. The name and address of the remote alcohol monitoring device manufacturer;

2. The name and model number of the remote alcohol monitoring device; and

3. A detailed description of the device including drawings, wiring protocols if applicable, and instructions used in orientation.

C. The manufacturer or the manufacturer's service provider shall provide literature promoting its device to the commission and for distribution to the ASAPs.

D. The manufacturer shall provide a certification report that the remote alcohol monitoring device conforms to the minimum specifications set forth by the commission. Included with the certification report should be the name and location of the testing facility, the address and phone number of the testing facility, and the names and qualifications of the individuals performing the tests. This section applies only to the portion of the device that records breath or bodily fluid samples for analysis. At a minimum, the following specifications shall be met:

1. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall work accurately and reliably in an unsupervised environment at minimal inconvenience to others.

2. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall be able to analyze a specimen of alveolar breath or bodily fluid for alcohol concentration, correlate accurately with established measures of blood or transdermal alcohol concentration, and be calibrated according to the manufacturer's specifications.

3. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall use an electrochemical fuel cell or other technology approved by the commission that reacts to and measures ethanol.

4. A remote alcohol monitoring device that is designed to take a breath test shall indicate when an acceptable breath sample has been collected, indicating this by audible or visual means. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall not be set to a breath volume requirement of less than 1.0 L.

5. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall detect and record a BAC or TAC for all completed breath or bodily fluid samples.

6. The results of the test shall be noted through the use of green, yellow, and red signals or similar pass or fail indicators. No digital blood or transdermal alcohol concentration shall be indicated to the offender.

7. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall automatically purge alcohol before allowing subsequent analyses.

8. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall be capable of random, scheduled, continuous, or on-demand tests that provide immediate, scheduled, or on-demand results.

9. The internal memory of the remote alcohol monitoring device shall be capable of recording and storing a minimum of 500 remote alcohol monitoring events.

10. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall be designed and set up in a manner as to minimize opportunities for tampering, alteration, bypass, or circumvention.

11. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall be capable of recording and providing evidence of actual tampering, alteration, bypass, or circumvention.

12. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall operate accurately and reliably at temperatures between 10º and 40ºC.

13. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall operate up to altitudes of 2.5 km above sea level.

14. The readings of the remote alcohol monitoring device shall not be affected by humidity, dust, electromagnetic interference, smoke, or food substance when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

15. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall be set up with a means to confirm the location and presence of alcohol in an offender. If a remote alcohol monitoring device is equipped with global positioning system (GPS) capabilities, GPS coordinates are not to be shared by the manufacturer unless required by court order, subpoena, or law.

16. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall have a set point equivalent to 0.02g/210 liters of breath unless otherwise approved by the commission.

17. The testing window shall be 30 minutes unless otherwise approved by the commission.

18. Remote alcohol monitoring devices that are not continuously attached to the offender to confirm identity shall be equipped with an internal camera to provide evidence that the offender is the individual providing breath samples into the device as required by law or court order.

19. The remote alcohol monitoring device shall prompt for a subsequent breath or transdermal test 30 minutes after any reading above the set point. If the subsequent test records any BAC level, or is refused, a confirmed alcohol violation will be reported to the ASAP by the manufacturer or the manufacturer's service provider in a manner specified by the commission, unless the manufacturer has its own alcohol violation confirmation process. In situations where a manufacturer has its own alcohol violation confirmation process, the manufacturer may use its process as an alternative standard to report an alcohol violation if approved by the commission.

20. Prompted remote alcohol monitoring device tests that are not provided within the testing window shall be reported as a confirmed alcohol violation to the ASAP by the manufacturer or the manufacturer's service provider in a manner specified by the commission.

21. In the event the remote alcohol monitoring device battery level falls below 20%, the device shall prompt the offender to connect to a power supply. A low battery condition under 20% of capacity and connecting or disconnecting the device from a constant power supply shall be uniquely recorded in the device's memory.

22. Remote alcohol monitoring devices shall have calibration stability of at least six months.

23. Remote alcohol monitoring devices shall be produced by a manufacturer that maintains certification to the current International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001 Quality Management Systems for aspects related to the design, maintenance, and distribution of the device. Documentation demonstrating compliance with this requirement shall be submitted to the commission by the manufacturer on an annual basis.

E. All remote alcohol monitoring devices that have been approved by the commission shall have affixed a warning label with the following language: "Any person tampering with or attempting to circumvent this remote alcohol monitoring system shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor and, upon conviction, be subject to a fine or incarceration or both." Remote alcohol monitoring devices may be equipped with a GPS. If a remote alcohol monitoring device is equipped with a GPS, the following additional language is required in bold on the warning label: "Please note that this remote alcohol monitoring device is equipped with a functioning GPS." The cost and supply of the warning labels to be affixed to the remote alcohol monitoring devices shall be borne by the manufacturer or service provider. The manufacturer or service provider shall submit to the commission a prototype of the warning label for approval.

F. Additional technical specifications for the operation and installation of the remote alcohol monitoring device may be described in the contract between the commission and the manufacturer.

G. The manufacturer shall notify the commission in writing if the approval or certification of a device that is approved, or has been submitted for approval for use in Virginia, is or ever has been denied, withdrawn, suspended, or revoked in another state, whether the action occurred before or after approval in Virginia. This notification shall be made in a timely manner, not to exceed 15 days after the manufacturer has received notice of the denial, withdrawal, suspension, or revocation of approval or certification of the device, whether or not the action will or has been appealed.

Statutory Authority

§ 18.2-270.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 14, eff. July 1, 2021.

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