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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 5. State Air Pollution Control Board
Chapter 40. Existing Stationary Sources
9/29/2020

9VAC5-40-8830. Standard for Volatile Organic Compounds.

A. No owner or other person shall cause or permit the discharge into the atmosphere from a coating application system any volatile organic compound in excess of the limits contained in Tables 4-59A through 4-59E. The VOC content limits are mass VOC per gallon of coating less water and exempt solvents and are based on low-VOC coatings. If more than one emission limitation in this subsection applies to a specific coating, then the least-stringent emission limitation shall be applied.

TABLE 4-59A.
METAL PARTS AND PRODUCTS VOC CONTENT LIMITS

Coating Category

Air-dried Coating

Baked Coating

kg VOC/l coating

lb VOC/gal coating

kg VOC/l coating

lb VOC/gal coating

General one component

0.34

2.8

0.28

2.3

General multi-component

0.34

2.8

0.28

2.3

Camouflage

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Electric-insulating varnish

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Etching filler

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Extreme high-gloss

0.42

3.5

0.36

3.0

Extreme performance

0.42

3.5

0.36

3.0

Heat-resistant

0.42

3.5

0.36

3.0

High performance architectural

0.74

6.2

0.74

6.2

High temperature

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Metallic

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Military specification

0.34

2.8

0.28

2.3

Mold seal

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Pan-backing

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Prefabricated architectural multi-component

0.42

3.5

0.28

2.3

Prefabricated architectural one-component

0.42

3.5

0.28

2.3

Pretreatment coatings

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Repair and touch-up

0.42

3.5

0.36

3.0

Silicone release

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Solar-absorbent

0.42

3.5

0.36

3.0

Vacuum-metalizing

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Drum coating, new, exterior

0.34

2.8

0.34

2.8

Drum coating, new, interior

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Drum coating, reconditioned, exterior

0.42

3.5

0.42

3.5

Drum coating, reconditioned, interior

0.50

4.2

0.50

4.2

TABLE 4-59B. PLASTIC PARTS AND PRODUCTS VOC CONTENT LIMITS

Coating Category

kg VOC/liter coating

lbs VOC/gal coating

General one component

0.28

2.3

General multi-component

0.42

3.5

Electric dissipating and shock-free

0.80

6.7

Extreme performance

0.42 (2-pack coatings/multi-component)

3.5 (2-pack coatings/multi-component)

Metallic

0.42

3.5

Military specification

0.34 (1 pack/1 component)

0.42 (2 pack/multi-component)

2.8 (1 pack/1 component)

3.5 (2 pack/multi-component)

Mold seal

0.76

6.3

Multi-colored

0.68

5.7

Optical

0.80

6.7

Vacuum-metalizing

0.80

6.7

TABLE 4-59C. AUTOMOTIVE/TRANSPORTATION AND BUSINESS MACHINE PLASTIC PARTS VOC CONTENT LIMITS

Coating Category

kg VOC/liter coating

lbs VOC/gal coating

Automotive/Transportation Coatings (For red, yellow, and black automotive coatings, except touch up and repair coatings, the recommended limit is determined by multiplying the appropriate limit in this table by 1.15.)

I. High Bake Coatings - Interior and Exterior Parts

Flexible

0.54

4.5

Nonflexible

0.42

3.5

Base coating

0.52

4.3

Clear coating

0.48

4.0

Non-basecoat/clear coat

0.52

4.3

II. Low Bake/Air-dried Coatings - Exterior Parts

Primers

0.58

4.8

Base coating

0.60

5.0

Clear coating

0.54

4.5

Non-basecoat/clear coat

0.60

5.0

III. Low Bake/Air-dried Coatings - Interior Parts

0.60

5.0

IV. Touchup and Repair Coatings

0.62

5.2

Business Machine Coatings

I. Primers

0.35

2.9

II. Topcoat

0.35

2.9

III. Texture Coat

0.35

2.9

IV. Fog Coat

0.26

2.2

V. Touchup and Repair

0.35

2.9

TABLE 4-59D. PLEASURE CRAFT SURFACE COATING VOC CONTENT LIMITS

Coating Category

kg VOC/liter coating

lbs VOC/gal coating

Extreme high-gloss topcoat

0.60

5.0

High gloss topcoat

0.42

3.5

Pretreatment wash primers

0.78

6.5

Finish primer/surfacer

0.42

3.5

High build primer/surfacer

0.34

2.8

Aluminum substrate antifoulant coating

0.56

4.7

Antifouling sealer/tie coat

0.42

3.5

Other substrate antifoulant coating

0.33

2.8

All other pleasure craft surface coatings for metal or plastic

0.42

3.5

TABLE 4-59E. MOTOR VEHICLE MATERIALS VOC CONTENT LIMITS

Coating Category

kg VOC/liter coating

lbs VOC/gal coating

Motor vehicle cavity wax

0.65

5.4

Motor vehicle sealer

0.65

5.4

Motor vehicle deadener

0.65

5.4

Motor vehicle gasket/gasket sealing material

0.20

1.7

Motor vehicle underbody coating

0.65

5.4

Motor vehicle trunk interior coating

0.65

5.4

Motor vehicle bedliner

0.20

1.7

Motor vehicle lubricating wax/compound

0.70

5.8

B. No owner or other person shall cause or permit the discharge into the atmosphere from a coating application system any volatile organic compound in excess of the limits contained in Tables 4-59F through 4-59I. The emission rate limits are based on low-VOC coatings and add-on controls on a VOC per volume solids basis. If more than one emission limitation in this subsection applies to a specific coating, then the least stringent emission limitation shall be applied.

TABLE 4-59F.
METAL PARTS AND PRODUCTS VOC EMISSION RATE LIMITS
(VOC PER VOLUME SOLIDS)

Coating Category

Air-dried

Baked

kg VOC/l solids

lb VOC/gal solids

Kg VOC/l solids

lb VOC/gal solids

General one component

0.54

4.52

0.40

3.35

General multi-component

0.54

4.52

0.40

3.35

Camouflage

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Electric-insulating varnish

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Etching filler

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Extreme high-gloss

0.80

6.67

0.61

5.06

Extreme performance

0.80

6.67

0.61

5.06

Heat-resistant

0.80

6.67

0.61

5.06

High performance architectural

4.56

38.0

4.56

38.0

High temperature

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Metallic

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Military specification

0.54

4.52

0.40

3.35

Mold-seal

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Pan-backing

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Prefabricated architectural multi-component

0.80

6.67

0.40

3.35

Prefabricated architectural one-component

0.80

6.67

0.40

3.35

Pretreatment coatings

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Silicone release 0.80

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Solar-absorbent

0.80

6.67

0.61

5.06

Vacuum-metalizing

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Drum coating, new, exterior

0.54

4.52

0.54

4.52

Drum coating, new, interior

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Drum coating, reconditioned, exterior

0.80

6.67

0.80

6.67

Drum coating, reconditioned, interior

1.17

9.78

1.17

9.78

TABLE 4-59G.
PLASTIC PARTS AND PRODUCTS VOC EMISSION RATE LIMITS
(VOC PER VOLUME SOLIDS)

Coating Category

kg VOC/liter solids

lbs VOC/gal solids

General one component

0.40

3.35

General multi-component

0.80

6.67

Electric dissipating coatings and shock-free

8.96

74.7

Extreme performance

0.80

(2-pack coatings/multi-component)

6.67

(2-pack coatings/multi-component)

Metallic

0.80

6.67

Military specification

0.54 (1 pack/1 component)

0.80 (2 pack/multi-component

4.52 (1 pack/1 component)

6.67 (2 pack/multi-component)

Mold seal

5.24

43.7

Multi-colored

3.04

25.3

Optical

8.96

74.7

Vacuum-metalizing

8.96

74.7

TABLE 4-59H.
AUTOMOTIVE/TRANSPORTATION AND BUSINESS MACHINE PLASTIC PARTS VOC EMISSION RATE LIMITS
(VOC PER VOLUME SOLIDS)

Coating Category

kg VOC/liter solids

lbs VOC/gal solids

Automotive/Transportation Coatings (For red, yellow, and black automotive coatings, except touch up and repair coatings, the recommended limit is determined by multiplying the appropriate limit in this table by 1.15.)

I. High Bake Coatings - Interior and Exterior Parts

Flexible primer

1.39

11.58

Nonflexible primer

0.80

6.67

Base coats

1.24

10.34

Clear coat

1.05

8.76

Non-basecoat/clear coat

1.24

10.34

II. Low Bake/Air-dried Coatings - Exterior Parts

Primers

1.66

13.80

Basecoat

1.87

15.59

Clear coat

1.39

11.58

Non-basecoat/clear coat

1.87

15.59

III. Low Bake/Air-dried Coatings - Interior Parts

1.87

15.59

IV. Touchup and Repair Coatings

2.13

17.72

Business Machine Coatings

I. Primers

0.57

4.80

II. Topcoat

0.57

4.80

III. Texture Coat

0.57

4.80

IV. Fog Coat

0.38

3.14

V. Touchup and Repair

0.57

4.80

TABLE 4-59I.
PLEASURE CRAFT SURFACE COATING VOC EMISSION RATE LIMITS
(VOC PER VOLUME SOLIDS)

Coating Category

kg VOC/liter solids

lbs VOC/gal solids

Extreme high-gloss topcoat

1.88

15.6

High gloss topcoat

0.80

6.7

Pretreatment wash primer

6.67

55.6

Finish primer/surfacer

0.80

6.7

High build primer surfacer

0.55

4.6

Aluminum substrate antifoulant coating

1.53

12.8

Antifouling sealer/tie coat

0.8

6.7

Other substrate antifoulant coating

0.53

4.4

All other pleasure craft surface coatings for metal or plastic

0.80

6.7

C. Should product performance requirements or other needs dictate the use of higher-VOC materials than those that would meet the emission limits of subsections A and B of this section, an affected facility may opt to use add-on control equipment with an overall control efficiency of 90% in lieu of using low-VOC coatings and required application methods in subsection E of this section. Add-on devices include but are not limited to oxidizers, adsorbers, absorbers, and concentrators. Add-on devices coupled with capture systems to collect the VOC being released at the affected facilities shall achieve an overall control efficiency of no less than 90%.

D. In addition to the emissions limitations described in subsections A, B, and C of this section, the following work practices for storage, mixing operations, and handling operations for coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials shall be utilized:

1. All VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials shall be stored in closed containers.

2. Mixing and storage containers used for VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials shall be kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials.

3. Spills of VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials shall be minimized.

4. VOC-containing coatings, thinners, and coating-related waste materials shall be conveyed from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.

E. In addition to the work practices described in subsection D of this section, the following work practices for cleaning materials, used to clean surfaces before coating (surface preparation) and to clean application equipment between coating jobs, shall be utilized:

1. All VOC-containing cleaning materials and used shop towels shall be stored in closed containers.

2. Storage containers used for VOC-containing cleaning materials shall be kept closed at all times except when depositing or removing these materials.

3. Spills of VOC-containing cleaning materials shall be minimized.

4. VOC-containing cleaning materials shall be conveyed from one location to another in closed containers or pipes.

5. VOC emissions from cleaning of application, storage, mixing, and conveying equipment shall be minimized by ensuring that equipment cleaning is performed without atomizing the cleaning solvent and all spent solvent is captured in closed containers.

F. One or more of the following application techniques shall be used to apply any finish material listed in Tables 4-59A through 4-59I:

1. Flow/curtain coating;

2. Dip coating;

3. Roller coating;

4. Brush coating;

5. Electrodeposition coating;

6. High volume low pressure (HVLP) spraying;

7. Electrostatic spray;

8. Airless spray;

9. Air-assisted airless spray; or

10. Other coating application methods that achieve emission reductions equivalent to or greater than those achieved by HVLP or electrostatic spray application methods.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172, and 182 of the federal Clean Air Act; 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 32, Issue 07, eff. February 1, 2016.

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