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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 5. State Air Pollution Control Board
Chapter 40. Existing Stationary Sources
5/10/2021

9VAC5-40-8820. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of this article and subsequent amendments or any orders issued by the board, the words or terms shall have the meaning given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined here shall have the meaning given them in 9VAC5-10 (General Definitions), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms defined.

"Aerospace coatings" means materials that are applied to the surface of an aerospace vehicle or component to form a decorative, protective, or functional solid film, or the solid film itself at a facility that produces, reworks, or repairs in any amount any commercial, civil, or military aerospace vehicle or component.

"Air-dried coating" means:

1. For general use, a coating that is cured at a temperature below 90°C (194°F).

2. For automotive/transportation and business machine use, a coating that is dried by the use of air or forced warm air at temperatures up to 90°C (194°F).

"Antifoulant coating" means any coating applied to the underwater portion of a pleasure craft to prevent or reduce the attachment of biological organisms, and registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a pesticide under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 USC § 136).

"Antifouling sealer/tie coat" means any coating applied over biocidal antifouling coating for the purpose of preventing release of biocides into the environment or to promote adhesion between an antifouling and a primer or other antifoulings.

"Baked coating" means a coating that is cured at a temperature at or above 90°C (194°F).

"Biocide" means a chemical substance or microorganism that can deter, render harmless, or exert a controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological means.

"Black automotive coating" means a coating that meets both of the following criteria: (i) maximum lightness of 23 units and (ii) saturation of less than 2.8, where saturation equals the square root of A² + B². These criteria are based on Cielab color space, 0/45 geometry. For spherical geometry, specular included, maximum lightness is 33 units.

"Business machine" means a device that uses electronic or mechanical methods to process information, perform calculations, print or copy information, or convert sound into electrical impulses for transmission, including devices listed in National American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes 333318, 334111, 339940, 334112, 334118, 334210, 334418, 334519, 334613, and photocopying equipment in 333316.

"Camouflage coating" means a coating used, principally by the military, to conceal equipment from detection.

"Clear coating" means:

1. For general use, a colorless coating that contains binders, but no pigment, and is formulated to form a transparent film.

2. For automotive/transportation and business machine use, a coating that lacks color and opacity or is transparent and that uses the undercoat as a reflectant base or undertone color.

"Coating unit" means a series of one or more coating applicators and any associated drying area or oven wherein a coating is applied, dried, or cured. A coating unit ends at the point where the coating is dried or cured, or prior to any subsequent application of a different coating. It is not necessary for a coating unit to have an oven or flash-off area.

"Drum" means any cylindrical metal shipping container larger than 12 gallons capacity but no larger than 110 gallons capacity.

"Electric dissipating coating" means a coating that rapidly dissipates a high-voltage electric charge.

"Electric-insulating varnish" means a nonconvertible-type coating applied to electric motors, components of electric motors, or power transformers to provide electrical, mechanical, and environmental protection or resistance.

"EMF/RFI shielding" means a coating used on electrical or electronic equipment to provide shielding against electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference, or static discharge.

"Etching filler" means a coating that contains less than 23% solids by weight and at least 0.5% acid by weight and is used instead of applying a pretreatment coating followed by a primer.

"Extreme high-gloss coating" means:

1. For general use, a coating that when tested by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss (see 9VAC5-20-21) shows a reflectance of 75 or more on a 60° meter.

2. For pleasure craft surface coating, any coating that achieves at least 95% reflectance on a 60° meter when tested by ASTM Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss (see 9VAC5-20-21).

"Extreme performance coating" means a coating used on a metal or plastic surface where the coated surface is, in its intended use, subject to the following:

1. Chronic exposure to corrosive, caustic, or acidic agents, chemicals, chemical fumes, chemical mixtures, or solutions;

2. Repeated exposure to temperatures in excess of 250°F; or

3. Repeated heavy abrasion, including mechanical wear and repeated scrubbing with industrial grade solvents, cleansers, or scouring agents.

Extreme performance coatings include, but are not limited to, coatings applied to locomotives, railroad cars, farm machinery, and heavy duty trucks.

"Fiberglass boat manufacturing materials" means materials utilized at facilities that manufacture hulls or decks of boats from fiberglass or build molds to make fiberglass boat hulls or decks. Fiberglass boat manufacturing materials are not materials used at facilities that manufacture solely parts of boats (i.e., hatches, seats, or lockers) or boat trailers, but do not (i) manufacture hulls or decks of boats from fiberglass or (ii) build molds to make fiberglass boat hulls or decks.

"Finish primer/surfacer" means a coating applied with a wet film thickness of less than 10 mils prior to the application of a topcoat for purposes of providing corrosion resistance, adhesion of subsequent coatings, a moisture barrier, or promotion of a uniform surface necessary for filling in surface imperfections.

"Flexible coating" means any coating that is required to comply with engineering specifications for impact resistance, mandrel bend, or elongation as defined by the original equipment manufacturer.

"Fog coat" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part for the purpose of color matching without masking a molded-in texture. A fog coat shall not be applied at a thickness of more than 0.5 mils of coating solids.

"Heat-resistant coating" means a coating that must withstand a temperature of at least 400°F during normal use.

"High bake coating" means a coating that is designed to cure only at temperatures of more than 90°C (194°F).

"High build primer/surfacer" means a coating applied with a wet film thickness of 10 mils or more prior to the application of a topcoat for purposes of providing corrosion resistance, adhesion of subsequent coatings, or a moisture barrier, or promoting a uniform surface necessary for filling in surface imperfections.

"High gloss" means any coating that achieves at least 85% reflectance on a 60° meter when tested by ASTM Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss (see 9VAC5-20-21).

"High performance architectural coating" means a coating used to protect architectural subsections and that meets the requirements of the Architectural Aluminum Manufacturer Association's publication number AAMA 2604-05 (Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for High Performance Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels) or 2605-05 (Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels).

"High temperature coating" means a coating that is certified to withstand a temperature of 1000°F for 24 hours.

"Metallic coating" means a coating that contains more than five grams of metal particles per liter of coating as applied. "Metal particles" are pieces of a pure elemental metal or a combination of elemental metals.

"Military specification coating" means a coating that has a formulation approved by a United States military agency for use on military equipment.

"Miscellaneous metal parts and products" means a varied range of metal and plastic parts and products that are constructed either entirely or partially from metal or plastic. These miscellaneous metal products and plastic parts include, but are not limited to, metal and plastic components of the following types of products as well as the products themselves: fabricated metal products, molded plastic parts, small and large farm machinery, commercial and industrial machinery and equipment, automotive or transportation equipment, interior or exterior automotive parts, construction equipment, motor vehicle accessories, bicycles and sporting goods, toys, recreational vehicles, pleasure craft (recreational boats), extruded aluminum structural components, railroad cars, heavier vehicles (as defined in 40 CFR 63.3176), lawn and garden equipment, business machines, laboratory and medical equipment, electronic equipment, steel drums, metal pipes, and numerous other industrial and household products.

"Miscellaneous metal product and plastic parts coating" means coatings that include paints, sealants, caulks, inks, and maskants (decorative, protective, or functional materials that consist only of protective oils for metal, acids, bases, or any combination of these substances are not considered miscellaneous metal or plastic part coatings). The paints include several categories of primers, topcoats, and specialty coatings, typically defined by the coating's function. The types of coating technologies used by miscellaneous metal product and plastic part surface coating facilities include higher solids, waterborne, and powder coatings, as well as conventional solvent-borne coatings. Decorative, protective, or functional materials that consist only of protective oils for metal, acids, bases, or any combination of these substances are not considered miscellaneous metal or plastic part coatings.

"Miscellaneous metal product and plastic parts surface coating operation" means the application of surface coatings by the manufacturer of miscellaneous metal and plastic parts to the parts it produces, and by facilities that perform surface coating of miscellaneous metal and plastic parts on a contract basis.

"Mold seal coating" means the initial coating applied to a new mold or a repaired mold to provide a smooth surface that, when coated with a mold release coating, prevents products from sticking to the mold.

"Motor vehicle bedliner" means a multi-component coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to a cargo bed after the application of topcoat to provide additional durability and chip resistance.

"Motor vehicle cavity wax" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied into the cavities of the vehicle primarily for the purpose of enhancing corrosion protection.

"Motor vehicle deadener" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to selected vehicle surfaces primarily for the purpose of reducing the sound of road noise in the passenger compartment.

"Motor vehicle gasket/sealing material" means a fluid, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to coat a gasket or replace and perform the same function as a gasket. Automobile and light-duty truck gasket/gasket sealing material includes room temperature vulcanization (RTV) seal material.

"Motor vehicle lubricating wax/compound" means a protective lubricating material, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to vehicle hubs and hinges.

"Motor vehicle sealer" means a high viscosity material, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, generally, but not always, applied in the paint shop after the body has received an electrodeposition primer coating and before the application of subsequent coatings (e.g., primer-surfacer). The primary purpose of automobile and light-duty truck sealer is to fill body joints completely so that there is no intrusion of water, gases or corrosive materials into the passenger area of the body compartment. Such materials are also referred to as sealant, sealant primer, or caulk.

"Motor vehicle trunk interior coating" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the trunk interior to provide chip protection.

"Motor vehicle underbody coating" means a coating, used at a facility that is not an automobile or light-duty truck assembly coating facility, applied to the undercarriage or firewall to prevent corrosion or provide chip protection.

"Multi-colored coating" means a coating that exhibits more than one color when applied, and which is packaged in a single container and applied in a single coat.

"Multi-component coating" means a coating requiring the addition of a separate reactive resin, commonly known as a catalyst or hardener, before application to form an acceptable dry film.

"One-component coating" means a coating that is ready for application as it comes out of its container to form an acceptable dry film. A thinner, necessary to reduce the viscosity, is not considered a component.

"Optical coating" means a coating applied to an optical lens.

"Pan-backing coating" means a coating applied to the surface of pots, pans, or other cooking implements that are exposed directly to a flame or other heating elements.

"Paper, film, and foil coating" means coating that is applied to paper, film, or foil surfaces in the manufacturing of several major product types for the following industry sectors: pressure sensitive tape and labels (including fabric coated for use in pressure sensitive tapes and labels); photographic film; industrial and decorative laminates; abrasive products (including fabric coated for use in abrasive products); and flexible packaging (including coating of nonwoven polymer substrates for use in flexible packaging). Paper and film coating also includes coatings applied during miscellaneous coating operations for several products including: corrugated and solid fiber boxes; die-cut paper paperboard, and cardboard; converted paper and paperboard not elsewhere classified; folding paperboard boxes, including sanitary boxes; manifold business forms and related products; plastic aseptic packaging; and carbon paper and inked ribbons.

"Pleasure craft" means vessels that are manufactured or operated primarily for recreational purposes, or leased, rented, or chartered to a person or business for recreational purposes. The owner of such vessels shall be responsible for certifying that the intended use is for recreational purposes.

"Pleasure craft coating" means any marine coating, except unsaturated polyester resin (fiberglass) coatings, applied by brush, spray, roller, or other means to a pleasure craft.

"Prefabricated architectural component coatings" means coatings applied to metal parts and products that are to be used as an architectural structure.

"Pretreatment coating" means a coating that contains no more than 12% solids by weight, and at least 0.5% acid, by weight, is used to provide surface etching, and is applied directly to metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance, adhesion, and ease of stripping.

"Pretreatment wash primer" means a coating that contains no more than 12% solids, by weight, and at least 0.5% acids, by weight; is used to provide surface etching; and is applied directly to fiberglass and metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and adhesion of subsequent coatings.

"Red automotive coating" means a coating that meets all of the following criteria:

1. Yellow limit: the hue of hostaperm scarlet.

2. Blue limit: the hue of monastral red-violet.

3. Lightness limit for metallics: 35% aluminum flake.

4. Lightness limit for solids: 50% titanium dioxide white.

5. Solid reds: hue angle of -11 to 38 degrees and maximum lightness of 23 to 45 units.

6. Metallic reds: hue angle of -16 to 35 degrees and maximum lightness of 28 to 45 units.

These criteria are based on Cielab color space, 0/45 geometry. For spherical geometry, specular included, the upper limit is 49 units. The maximum lightness varies as the hue moves from violet to orange. This is a natural consequence of the strength of the colorants, and real colors show this effect.

"Repair coating" means a coating used to re-coat portions of a previously coated product that has sustained mechanical damage to the coating following normal coating operations.

"Shock-free coating" means a coating applied to electrical components to protect the user from electric shock. The coating has characteristics of being of low capacitance and high resistance, and having resistance to breaking down under high voltage.

"Silicone release coating" means any coating that contains silicone resin and is intended to prevent food from sticking to metal surfaces such as baking pans.

"Solar-absorbent coating" means a coating that has as its prime purpose the absorption of solar radiation.

"Texture coating" means a coating that is applied to a plastic part that, in its finished form, consists of discrete raised spots of the coating.

"Topcoat" means any final coating applied to the interior or exterior of a pleasure craft.

"Touchup coating" means a coating used to cover minor coating imperfections appearing after the main coating operation.

"Vacuum-metalizing coating" means:

1. For general use, the undercoat applied to the substrate on which the metal is deposited or the overcoat applied directly to the metal film. Vacuum metalizing/physical vapor deposition (PVD) is the process whereby metal is vaporized and deposited on a substrate in a vacuum chamber.

2. For automotive/transportation and business machine use, topcoats and basecoats that are used in the vacuum-metalizing process.

"VOC" means volatile organic compound.

"Wood furniture coatings" means protective, decorative, or functional films applied in thin layers to a surface used in the manufacture of wood furniture or wood furniture components. Such coatings include, but are not limited to, paints, topcoats, varnishes, sealers, stains, washcoats, basecoats, enamels, inks, and temporary protective coatings.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172, and 182 of the federal Clean Air Act; 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 7, eff. February 1, 2016.

Website addresses provided in the Virginia Administrative Code to documents incorporated by reference are for the reader's convenience only, may not necessarily be active or current, and should not be relied upon. To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation.

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