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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 5. State Air Pollution Control Board
Chapter 45. Consumer and Commercial Products
9/29/2020

9VAC5-45-550. Standard for Volatile Organic Compounds.

A. Except as provided in this section, no owner or other person shall (i) manufacture, blend, or repackage for sale, (ii) supply, sell, or offer for sale, or (iii) solicit for application or apply any architectural coating with a VOC content in excess of the corresponding limit specified in Table 45-5A.

B. If anywhere on the container of any architectural coating, or any label or sticker affixed to the container, or in any sales, advertising, or technical literature supplied by a manufacturer or any person acting on behalf of a manufacturer, any representation is made that indicates that the coating meets the definition of or is recommended for use for more than one of the coating categories listed in Table 45-5A, then the most restrictive VOC content limit shall apply. This provision does not apply to the following coating categories:

Lacquer coatings (including lacquer sanding sealers);

Metallic pigmented coatings;

Shellacs;

Fire-retardant coatings;

Pretreatment wash primers;

Industrial maintenance coatings;

Low-solids coatings;

Wood preservatives;

High-temperature coatings;

Temperature-indicator safety coatings;

Antenna coatings;

Antifouling coatings;

Flow coatings;

Bituminous roof primers;

Calcimine recoaters;

Impacted immersion coatings;

Nuclear coatings;

Thermoplastic rubber coating and mastic; and

Specialty primers, sealers, and undercoaters.

Table 45-5A
VOC Content Limits for Architectural Coatings

Limits are expressed in grams of VOC per liter1 of coating thinned to the manufacturer's maximum recommendation, excluding the volume of any water, exempt compounds, or colorant added to tint bases. "Manufacturers maximum recommendation" means the maximum recommendation for thinning that is indicated on the label or lid of the coating container.

Coating Category

VOC Content Limit

Flat Coatings

100

Nonflat Coatings

150

Nonflat High Gloss Coatings

250

Specialty Coatings:

Antenna Coatings

530

Antifouling Coatings

400

Bituminous Roof Coatings

300

Bituminous Roof Primers

350

Bond Breakers

350

Calcimine Recoater

475

Clear Wood Coatings:

Clear Brushing Lacquers

680

Lacquers (including lacquer sanding sealers)

550

Sanding Sealers (other than lacquer sanding sealers)

350

Conversion Varnishes

725

Varnishes (other than conversion varnishes)

350

Concrete Curing Compounds

350

Concrete Surface Retarder

780

Dry Fog Coatings

400

Extreme durability coating

400

Faux Finishing Coatings

350

Fire‑Resistive Coatings

350

Fire‑Retardant Coatings:

Clear

650

Opaque

350

Floor Coatings

250

Flow Coatings

420

Form‑Release Compounds

250

Graphic Arts Coatings (Sign Paints)

500

High‑Temperature Coatings

420

Impacted Immersion Coating

780

Industrial Maintenance Coatings

340

Low‑Solids Coatings

120

Magnesite Cement Coatings

450

Mastic Texture Coatings

300

Metallic Pigmented Coatings

500

Multi‑Color Coatings

250

Nuclear Coatings

450

Pretreatment Wash Primers

420

Primers, Sealers, and Undercoaters

200

Quick‑Dry Enamels

250

Quick‑Dry Primers, Sealers and Undercoaters

200

Recycled Coatings

250

Roof Coatings

250

Rust Preventative Coatings

400

Shellacs:

Clear

730

Opaque

550

Specialty Primers, Sealers, and Undercoaters

350

Stains

250

Swimming Pool Coatings

340

Swimming Pool Repair and Maintenance Coatings

340

Temperature‑Indicator Safety Coatings

550

Thermoplastic Rubber Coating and Mastic

550

Traffic Marking Coatings

150

Waterproofing Sealers

250

Waterproofing Concrete/Masonry Sealers

400

Wood Preservatives

350

1 Conversion factor: one pound of VOC per gallon (U.S.) = 119.95 grams per liter.

C. A coating manufactured prior to the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-580, may be sold, supplied, or offered for sale for two years following the applicable compliance date. In addition, a coating manufactured before the applicable compliance date specified in 9VAC5-45-580, may be applied at any time, both before and after the applicable compliance date, so long as the coating complied with the standards in effect at the time the coating was manufactured. This subsection does not apply to any coating that does not display the date or date code required by subdivision 1 of 9VAC5-45-560.

D. All architectural coating containers used to apply the contents therein to a surface directly from the container by pouring, siphoning, brushing, rolling, padding, ragging, or other means, shall be closed when not in use. These architectural coatings containers include, but are not limited to, drums, buckets, cans, pails, trays, or other application containers. Containers of any VOC-containing materials used for thinning and cleanup shall also be closed when not in use.

E. No owner or other person who applies or solicits the application of any architectural coating shall apply a coating that contains any thinning material that would cause the coating to exceed the applicable VOC limit specified in Table 45-5A.

F. No owner or other person shall apply or solicit the application of any rust preventive coating for industrial use unless such a rust preventive coating complies with the industrial maintenance coating VOC limit specified in Table 45-5A.

G. For any coating that does not meet any of the definitions for the specialty coatings categories listed in Table 45-5A, the VOC content limit shall be determined by classifying the coating as a flat coating or a nonflat coating, based on its gloss, as defined in 9VAC5-45-540 C, and the corresponding flat or nonflat coating limit shall apply.

H. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of this section, up to 10% by volume of VOC may be added to a lacquer to avoid blushing of the finish during days with relative humidity greater than 70% and temperature below 65°F, at the time of application, provided that the coating contains acetone and no more than 550 grams of VOC per liter of coating, less water and exempt compounds, prior to the addition of VOC.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 26, Issue 12, eff. March 17, 2010.

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