Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 13. Housing
Agency 10. Virginia Housing Development Authority
8/3/2020

Chapter 20. Rules and Regulations for Multi-Family Housing Developments

13VAC10-20-10. Purpose and applicability.

The following rules and regulations (13VAC10-20-10 et seq.) will be applicable to mortgage loans which are made or financed or are proposed to be made or financed by the authority to mortgagors to provide the construction or permanent financing, or both, of multi-family housing developments (including any such developments to be owned and operated on a cooperative basis) intended for occupancy by persons and families of low and moderate income ("development" or "developments"). This chapter shall be applicable to the making of such mortgage loans directly by the authority to mortgagors, the purchase of such mortgage loans, the participation by the authority in such mortgage loans with mortgage lenders and any other manner of financing of such mortgage loans under the Act. This chapter shall not, however, apply to any developments which are subject to any other rules and regulations adopted by the authority. If any mortgage loan is to provide either the construction or permanent financing (but not both) of a development, this chapter shall be applicable to the extent determined by the executive director to be appropriate for such financing. If any development is subject to federal mortgage insurance or is otherwise assisted or aided, directly or indirectly, by the federal government, the applicable federal rules and regulations shall be controlling over any inconsistent provision. Furthermore, if the mortgage loan on any development is to be insured by the federal government, the provisions of this chapter shall be applicable to such development only to the extent determined by the executive director to be necessary in order to (i) protect any interest of the authority which, in the judgment of the executive director, is not adequately protected by such insurance or by the implementation or enforcement of the applicable federal rules, regulations or requirements or (ii) to comply with the Act or fulfill the authority's public purpose and obligations thereunder. Developments shall include housing intended to be owned and operated on a cooperative basis. The term "construction," as used herein, shall include the rehabilitation, preservation or improvement of existing structures.

Mortgage loans may be made or financed pursuant to this chapter only if and to the extent that the authority has made or expects to make funds available therefor.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the executive director is authorized with respect to any development to waive or modify any provision herein where deemed appropriated by him for good cause, to the extent not inconsistent with the Act and covenants and agreements with the holders of its bonds.

All reviews, analyses, evaluations, inspections, determinations and other actions by the authority pursuant to the provisions of this chapter shall be made for the sole and exclusive benefit and protection of the authority and shall not be construed to waive or modify any of the rights, benefits, privileges, duties, liabilities or responsibilities of the authority, the mortgagor, the contractor, or other members of the development team under the initial closing documents as described in 13VAC10-20-60.

This chapter is intended to provide a general description of the authority's processing requirements and not intended to include all actions involved or required in the processing and administration of mortgage loans under the authority's multi-family housing programs. This chapter is subject to change at any time by the authority and may be supplemented by policies, rules and regulations adopted by the authority from time to time with respect to any particular development or developments or any multi-family housing program or programs.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 1, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994; Volume 12, Issue 14, eff. February 28, 1996.

13VAC10-20-20. Income limits and general restrictions.

All of the units in each development financed under this chapter shall be occupied or held available for occupancy by persons and families whose adjusted family incomes, as of the date of their initial occupancy of such units, do not exceed 150% of the area median gross income as determined by the authority; provided, however, that in the case of any development which is subject as of April 30, 1998, to the income limit of seven times the rents, including utilities except telephone, applicable to the units therein (or the lesser of such income limit and any other income limit), all of the units in such development shall be occupied or held available for occupancy by persons and families whose adjusted family incomes, as of the date of their initial occupancy of such units, do not exceed seven times the rents, including utilities except telephone, applicable to the units therein, unless the authority and the mortgagor shall agree to apply the income limit of 150% of the area median gross income as described above. The applicable income limit set forth in the preceding sentence shall also apply to persons and families at the time of reexamination and redetermination of their adjusted family incomes and eligibility subsequent to their initial occupancy. The foregoing income limits shall apply to all developments for which the board or the executive director approves mortgage loans on or after May 1, 1998, and all developments for which the board has approved mortgage loans prior to May 1, 1998, notwithstanding the inclusion of other income limits in the resolutions authorizing such mortgage loans or in any agreements executed prior to May 1, 1998, by and between the authority and the mortgagors of such developments.

The board may establish, in the resolution authorizing any mortgage loan to finance a development under this chapter, or the executive director may require, in the commitment for such mortgage loan, income limits lower than those provided herein or in the authority's rules and regulations for the occupants of the units in such development.

Furthermore, in the case of developments which are subject to federal mortgage insurance or assistance or are financed by notes or bonds exempt from federal income taxation, federal regulations may establish lower income limitations which in effect supersede the authority's income limits as described above.

If federal law or rules and regulations impose limitations on the incomes of the persons or families who may occupy all or any of the units in a development, the adjusted family incomes of applicants for occupancy of all of the units in the development shall be computed, for the purpose of determining eligibility for occupancy thereof hereunder and under the authority's rules and regulations, in the manner specified in such federal law and rules and regulations, subject to such modifications as the executive director shall require or approve in order to facilitate processing, review and approval of such applications.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, all developments and the processing thereof under the terms hereof must comply with (i) the Act; (ii) the applicable federal laws and regulations governing the federal tax exemption of the notes or bonds issued by the authority to finance such developments; (iii) in the case of developments subject to federal mortgage insurance or other assistance, all applicable federal laws and regulations relating thereto; and (iv) the requirements set forth in the resolutions pursuant to which the notes or bonds are issued by the authority to finance the developments. Copies of the authority's note and bond resolutions are available upon request.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 2, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994; Volume 12, Issue 14, eff. February 28, 1996; Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. May 1, 1998; Volume 19, Issue 2, eff. September 20, 2002.

13VAC10-20-30. Terms of mortgage loans.

The authority may make or finance mortgage loans secured by a lien on real property or, subject to certain limitations in the Act, a leasehold estate in order to finance development intended for occupancy by persons and families of low and moderate income. The term of the mortgage loan shall be equal to (i) if the mortgage loan is to finance the construction of the proposed development, the period determined by the executive director to be necessary to: (1) complete construction of the development, (2) achieve sufficient occupancy to support the development and (3) consummate the final closing of the mortgage loan; plus (ii) if the mortgage loan is to finance the ownership and operation of the proposed development, an amortization period set forth in the mortgage loan commitment but not to exceed 45 years. The executive director may require that such amortization period not extend beyond the termination date of any federal insurance, assistance, or subsidy.

Mortgage loans may be made to: (i) for-profit housing sponsors in original principal amounts not to exceed the lesser of the maximum principal amount specified in the mortgage loan commitment or such percentage of the housing development costs of the development as is established in such commitment, but in no event to exceed 95%; and (ii) nonprofit housing sponsors in original principal amounts not to exceed the lesser of the minimum principal amount specified in the mortgage loan commitment or such percentage of the housing development costs of the development as is established in such commitment, but in no event to exceed 100%.

The maximum principal amount and percentage of housing development costs specified or established in the mortgage loan commitment shall be determined by the authority in such manner and based upon such factors as it deems relevant to the security of the mortgage loan and fulfillment of its public purpose. Such factors may include the fair market value of the proposed development as completed, the economic feasibility and marketability of the proposed development at the rents necessary to pay the debt service on the mortgage loan and the operating expenses of the proposed development, and the income levels of the persons and families who would be able to afford to pay such rents.

The categories of cost which shall be allowable by the authority in the acquisition and construction of a development financed under this chapter shall include the following: (i) construction costs, including equipment, labor and materials furnished by the mortgagor, contractor or subcontractors, general requirements for job supervision, an allowance for office overhead of the contractor, building permit, bonds and letters of credit to assure completion, water, sewer, and other utility fees, and a contractor's profit or a profit and risk allowance in lieu thereof; (ii) architectural and engineering fees; (iii) interest on the mortgage loan; (iv) real estate taxes, hazard insurance premiums, and mortgage insurance premiums; (v) title and recording expenses; (vi) surveys; (vii) test borings; (viii) the authority's processing fees and financing fees; (ix) legal and accounting expenses; (x) in the case of a nonprofit housing sponsor, organization and sponsor expenses, consultant fees, and a reserve to make the development operational; (xi) off-site costs; (xii) the cost or fair market value of the land and any improvements thereon to be used in the development; (xiii) tenant relocation costs; (xiv) operating reserves to be funded from proceeds of the mortgage loan; and (xv) such other categories of costs which the executive director shall determine to be reasonable and necessary for the acquisition and construction of the development. The extent to which costs in any of such categories shall be allowable in respect of a specific development and includable in the housing development costs thereof as determined by the authority at final closing shall be governed by the terms of the authority's cost certification guide for mortgagors, contractors and certified public accountants (the "cost certification guide"). The executive director is authorized to prepare and from time to time revise the cost certification guide. Copies of such guide shall be available upon request. Upon completion of the acquisition and construction of the development, the total of the housing development costs shall be certified to the authority in accordance with this chapter and the cost certification guide, subject to the review and determination of the authority. In lieu of such certification of housing development costs, the executive director may require such other assurances of housing development costs as he shall deem necessary to enable the authority to determine with reasonable accuracy the actual amount of such housing development costs.

The interest rate on the mortgage loan shall be established at the initial closing and may be thereafter adjusted in accordance with the authority's rules and regulations and terms of the deed of trust note. The authority shall charge a processing fee and a financing fee in such amounts as the executive director determines to be reasonable. Such fees shall be payable at such times as required by the executive director.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 3, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994.

13VAC10-20-40. Application and acceptance for processing.

Application for a mortgage loan shall be commenced by filing with the authority an application, on such form or forms as the executive director may from time to time prescribe, together with such documents and additional information as may be requested by the authority. The applicant shall complete a previous participation certificate, in such form as the executive director shall require, which shall provide information about rental housing projects in which the principal participants (or their affiliates) in the proposed development have previously had any interest or participation, all as more fully specified by the executive director.

The authority's staff shall review each application and any additional information submitted by the applicant or obtained from other sources by the authority in its review of each proposed development. Such review shall be performed in accordance with subdivision 2 of subsection D of § 36-55.33:1 of the Code of Virginia and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. An analysis of the site characteristics, surrounding land uses, available utilities, transportation, employment opportunities, recreational opportunities, shopping facilities and other factors affecting the site;

2. An evaluation of the ability, experience, financial capacity and predisposition to regulatory compliance of the applicant;

3. A preliminary evaluation of the estimated construction costs and the proposed design and structure of the proposed development;

4. A preliminary review of the estimated operating expenses and proposed rents and a preliminary evaluation of the adequacy of the proposed rents to sustain the proposed development based upon the assumed occupancy rate and estimated construction and financing costs; and

5. A preliminary evaluation of the need for such housing at rentals or prices which persons and families of low and moderate income can afford within the general housing market area to be served by the proposed development.

Based on the authority's review of the applications, previous participation certificates, documents, and any additional information submitted by the applicants or obtained from other sources by the authority in its review of the proposed developments, the executive director shall accept for processing those applications which he determines satisfy the following criteria:

1. The applicant either owns or leases the site of the proposed development or has the legal right to acquire or lease the site in such manner, at such time and subject to such terms as will permit the applicant to process the application and consummate the initial closing.

2. Subject to further review and evaluation by the authority's staff under 13VAC10-20-50, the estimated construction costs and operating expenses appear to be complete, reasonable and comparable to those of similar developments.

3. Subject to further review and evaluation by the authority's staff under 13VAC10-20-50, the proposed rents appear to be at levels which will: (i) be affordable by the persons and families intended to be assisted by the authority; (ii) permit the successful marketing of the units to such persons and families; and (iii) sustain the operation of the proposed development.

4. The applicant and other principal participants in the proposed development have the experience, ability, financial capacity and predisposition to regulatory compliance necessary to carry out their respective responsibilities for the acquisition, construction, ownership, operation, marketing, maintenance and management of the proposed development and will fully and properly perform all of their respective duties and obligations relating to the proposed development under law, regulation and the applicable mortgage loan documents of the authority.

5. The proposed development will contribute to the implementation of the policies and programs of the authority in providing decent, safe and sanitary rental housing for low and moderate income persons and families who cannot otherwise afford such housing and will assist in meeting the need for such housing in the market area of the proposed development.

6. It appears that the proposed development and applicant will be able to meet the requirements for feasibility and commitment set forth in 13VAC10-20-50 and that the proposed development will otherwise continue to be processed through initial closing and will be completed and operated, all in compliance with the Act, the documents and contracts executed at initial closing, applicable federal laws, rules and regulations, and the provisions of this chapter and without unreasonable delay, interruptions or expense.

The executive director's determinations with respect to the above criteria shall be based on the documents and information received or obtained by him at that time from any source and are subject to modification or reversal upon his receipt of additional documents or information at a later time. If the executive director determines that the above criteria are satisfied, he will recommend to the board that the application be approved for further processing. If the executive director determines that one or more of the above criteria are not satisfied, he may nevertheless, in his discretion, recommend to the board that the application be approved for further processing and that the mortgage loan and issuance of the commitment therefor be approved and authorized subject to satisfaction of such criteria in such manner and within such time period as he shall deem appropriate. The board shall review and consider the recommendation of the executive director, and if it concurs with such recommendation, it may by resolution approve the application and authorize the mortgage loan and the issuance of a commitment therefor, subject to the further review in 13VAC10-20-50 and such terms and conditions as the board shall require in such resolution. However, the board may by resolution authorize the executive director to approve and to authorize the issuance of commitments for mortgage loans without further approval or authorization by resolution of the board, subject to compliance with any procedures and requirements that may be provided in such resolution; and pursuant to and in accordance with such resolution, the executive director may approve and authorize the mortgage loan and the issuance of a commitment therefor without further approval or authorization by the board, subject to the further review in 13VAC10-20-50 and such terms and conditions as the executive director may require.

A resolution authorizing, or a commitment for, a mortgage loan to a for-profit housing sponsor may prescribe the maximum annual rate, if any, at which distributions may be made by such for-profit housing sponsor with respect to the development, expressed as a percentage of such for-profit housing sponsor's equity in such development (such equity being established in accordance with 13VAC10-20-80), which rate, if any, shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of the Act. In connection with the establishment of any such rates, the board or the executive director shall not prescribe differing or discriminatory rates with respect to substantially similar developments. The resolution or commitment shall specify whether any such maximum annual rate of distributions shall be cumulative or noncumulative and shall establish the manner, if any, for adjusting the equity in accordance with 13VAC10-20-80.

The executive director may impose such terms and conditions with respect to acceptance for processing as he shall deem necessary or appropriate. If any proposed development is so accepted for processing, the executive director shall notify the sponsor of such acceptance and of any terms and conditions imposed with respect thereto. If the executive director determines not to recommend approval of the application, he shall so notify the applicant.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 4, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994; Volume 11, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1995; Volume 12, Issue 14, eff. February 28, 1996; Volume 13, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1997; Volume 19, Issue 2, eff. September 20, 2002; Volume 25, Issue 9, eff. December 15, 2008.

13VAC10-20-50. Feasibility and commitment.

In order to continue the processing of the application, the applicant shall file, within such time limit as the executive director shall specify, such forms, documents and information as the executive director shall require with respect to the feasibility of the proposed development, including, without limitation, any additions, modifications or other changes to the application and documents previously submitted as may be necessary or appropriate to make the information therein complete, accurate and current.

If not previously obtained, an appraisal of the land and any improvements to be retained and used as a part of the development will be obtained at this time or as soon as practical thereafter from an independent real estate appraiser selected or approved by the authority. The authority may also obtain such other reports, analyses, information and data as the executive director deems necessary or appropriate to evaluate the proposed development.

If at any time the executive director determines that the applicant is not processing the application with due diligence and best efforts or that the application cannot be successfully processed to commitment and initial closing within a reasonable time, he may, in his discretion, terminate the application and retain any fees previously paid to the authority.

The authority staff shall review and evaluate the application, the documents and information received or obtained pursuant to 13VAC10-20-40 and this section. Such review and evaluation shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. An analysis of the estimates of construction costs and the proposed operating budget and an evaluation as to the economic feasibility of the proposed development;

2. A market analysis as to the present and projected demand for the proposed development in the market area, including: (i) an evaluation of existing and future market conditions; (ii) an analysis of trends and projections of housing production, employment and population for the market area; (iii) a site evaluation (such as access and topography of the site, neighborhood environment of the site, public and private facilities serving the site and present and proposed uses of nearby land); and (iv) an analysis of competitive projects;

3. A review of the management, marketing and tenant selection plans, including their effect on the economic feasibility of the proposed development and their efficacy in carrying out the programs and policies of the authority;

4. A final review of the (i) ability, experience and financial capacity of the applicant and general contractor; and (ii) the qualifications of the architect, management agent and other members of the proposed development team.

5. An analysis of the architectural and engineering plans, drawings and specifications, including the functional use and living environment for the proposed residents, the marketability of the units, the amenities and facilities to be provided to the proposed residents; and the management, maintenance and energy conservation characteristics of the proposed development.

Based upon the authority staff's analysis of such documents and information and any other information obtained by the authority in its review of the proposed development, the executive director shall approve the issuance of a mortgage loan commitment to the applicant with respect to the proposed development only if he determines that all of the following criteria have been satisfied:

1. The vicinity of the proposed development is and will continue to be a residential area suitable for the proposed development and is not now, nor is it likely in the future to become, subject to uses or deterioration which could cause undue depreciation in the value of the proposed development or which could adversely affect its operation, marketability or economic feasibility.

2. There are or will be available on or before the estimated completion date (i) direct access to adequate public roads and utilities and (ii) such public and private facilities (such as schools, churches, transportation, retail and service establishments, parks, recreational facilities and major public and private employers) in the area of the proposed development as the executive director determines to be necessary or desirable for use and enjoyment by the contemplated residents.

3. The characteristics of the site (such as its size, topography, terrain, soil and subsoil conditions, vegetation, and drainage conditions) are suitable for the construction and operation of the proposed development, and the site is free from any environmental or other defects which would have a materially adverse effect on such construction and operation.

4. The location of the proposed development will promote and enhance the marketability of the units to the person and families intended for occupancy thereof.

5. The design of the proposed development will contribute to the marketability of the proposed development; make use of materials to reduce energy and maintenance costs; provide for a proper mix of units for the residents intended to be benefited by the authority's program; provide for units with adequate, well-designed space; include equipment and facilities customarily used or enjoyed in the area by the contemplated residents; and will otherwise provide a safe, habitable and pleasant living environment for such residents.

6. Based on the data and information received or obtained pursuant to this section, no material adverse change has occurred with respect to compliance with the criteria set forth in 13VAC10-20-40 of this chapter.

7. The applicant's estimates of housing development costs: (i) include all costs necessary for the development and construction of the proposed development; (ii) are reasonable in amount; (iii) are based upon valid data and information; and (iv) are comparable to costs for similar multi-family rental developments; provided, however, that if the applicant's estimates of such costs are insufficient in amount under the foregoing criteria, such criteria may nevertheless be satisfied if, in the judgment of the executive director, the mortgagor will have the financial ability to pay any costs estimated by the executive director to be in excess of the total of the applicant's estimates of housing development costs.

8. Subject to review by the authority at final closing, the categories of the estimated housing development costs to be funded from the proceeds of the mortgage loan are eligible for such funding under the authority's cost certification guide or under such other requirements as shall be agreed to by the authority.

9. Any administrative, community, health, nursing care, medical, educational, recreational, commercial or other nonhousing facilities to be included in the proposed development are incidental or related to the proposed development and are necessary, convenient or desirable with respect to the ownership, operation or management of the proposed development.

10. All operating expenses (including replacement and other reserves) necessary or appropriate for the operation of the proposed development are included in the proposed operating budget, and the estimated amounts of such operating expenses are reasonable, are based on valid data and information and are comparable to operating expenses experienced by similar developments.

11. Based upon the proposed rents and projected occupancy level required or approved by the executive director, the estimated income from the proposed development is reasonable. The estimated income may include: (i) rental income from commercial space within the proposed development if the executive director determines that a strong, long-term market exists for such space; and (ii) income from other sources relating to the operation of the proposed development if determined by the executive director to be reasonable in amount and comparable to such income received on similar developments.

12. The estimated income from the proposed development, including any federal subsidy or assistance, is sufficient to pay when due the estimates of the debt service on the mortgage loan, the operating expenses, and replacement and other reserves required by the authority.

13. The units will be occupied by persons and families intended to be served by the proposed development and qualified hereunder and under the Act, the authority's rules and regulations, and any applicable federal laws, rules and regulations. Such occupancy of the units will be achieved in such time and manner that the proposed development will (i) attain self-sufficiency (i.e., the rental and other income from the development is sufficient to pay all operating expenses, debt service and replacement and other required reserves and escrows) within the usual and customary time for a development for its size, nature, location and type, and without any delay in the commencement of amortization; and (ii) will continue to be self-sufficient for the full term of the mortgage loan.

14. The estimated utility expenses and other costs to be paid by the residents are reasonable, are based upon valid data and information and are comparable to such expenses experienced by similar developments, and the estimated amounts of such utility expenses and costs will not have a materially adverse effect on the occupancy of the units in accordance with subdivision 13 above.

15. The plans and specifications or other description of the work to be performed shall demonstrate that: (i) the proposed development as a whole and the individual units therein shall provide safe, habitable, and pleasant living accommodations and environment for the contemplated residents; (ii) the dwelling units of the proposed housing development and the individual rooms therein shall be furnishable with the usual and customary furniture, appliances and other furnishings consistent with their intended use and occupancy; and (iii) the proposed housing development shall make use of measures promoting environmental protection, energy conservation and maintenance and operating efficiency to the extent economically feasible and consistent with the other requirements of this section.

16. The proposed development includes such appliances, equipment, facilities and amenities as are customarily used or enjoyed by the contemplated residents in similar developments.

17. The management plan includes such management procedures and requirements as are necessary for the proper and successful operations, maintenance and management of the proposed development in accordance with this chapter.

18. The marketing and tenant selection plans submitted by the applicant shall comply with this chapter and shall provide for actions to be taken such that: (i) the dwelling units in the proposed development will be occupied in accordance with subdivision 13 above and any applicable federal laws, rules and regulations by those eligible persons and families who are expected to be served by the proposed development; (ii) the residents will be selected without regard to race, color, religion, creed, sex or national origin; and (iii) units intended for occupancy by handicapped and disabled persons will be adequately and properly marketed to such persons and such persons will be given priority in the selection of residents for such units. The tenant selection plan shall describe the requirements and procedures to be applied by the mortgagor in order to select those residents who are intended to be served by the proposed development and who are best able to fulfill their obligation and responsibilities as residents of the proposed development.

19. In the case of any development to be insured or otherwise assisted or aided by the federal government, the proposed development will comply in all respects with any applicable federal laws, rules and regulations, and adequate federal insurance, subsidy, or assistance is available for the development and will be expected to remain available in the due course of processing with the applicable federal agency, authority or instrumentality.

20. The proposed development will comply with: (i) all applicable federal laws and regulations governing the federal tax exemption of the notes or bonds issued or to be issued by the authority to finance the proposed development; and (ii) all requirements set forth in the resolutions pursuant to which such notes or bonds are issued or to be issued.

21. The prerequisites necessary for the members of the applicant's development team to acquire, own, construct or rehabilitate, operate and manage the proposed development have been satisfied or can be satisfied prior to initial closing. These prerequisites include, but are not limited to obtaining: (i) site plan approval; (ii) proper zoning status; (iii) assurances of the availability of the requisite public utilities; (iv) commitments by public officials to construct such public improvements and accept the dedication of streets and easements that are necessary or desirable for the construction and use of the proposed development; (v) licenses and other legal authorizations necessary to permit each member to perform his or its duties and responsibilities in the Commonwealth of Virginia; (vi) building permits; and (vii) fee simple ownership of the site, a sales contract or option giving the applicant or mortgagor the right to purchase the site for the proposed development and obtain fee simple title, or a leasehold interest of the time period required by the Act (any such ownership or leasehold interest acquired or to be acquired shall be free of any covenants, restrictions, easements, conditions, or other encumbrances which would adversely affect the authority's security or the construction or operation of the proposed development).

22. The proposed development will comply with all applicable state and local laws, ordinances, regulations, and requirements.

23. The proposed development will provide valid and sound security for the authority's mortgage loan and will contribute to the fulfillment of the public purposes of the authority as set forth in its Act.

If the executive director determines that one or more of the foregoing criteria have not been adequately satisfied, he may nevertheless in his discretion approve the issuance of a commitment, subject to the satisfaction of such criteria in such manner and within such time period as he shall deem appropriate.

The term of the mortgage loan, the amortization period, the estimated housing development costs, the principal amount of the mortgage loan, the terms and conditions applicable to any equity contribution by the applicants, any assurances of successful completion and operational stability of the proposed development, and other terms and conditions of such mortgage loan shall be set forth in the commitment issued on behalf of the authority. The commitment shall also include such terms and conditions as the authority considers appropriate with respect to the construction of the proposed development, the marketing and occupancy of the proposed development (including any income limits or occupancy restrictions other than those set forth in this chapter), the disbursement and repayment of the mortgage loan, and other matters related to the construction and the ownership, operation and occupancy of the proposed development. Such commitment may include a financial analysis of the proposed development, setting forth the initial schedule of rents, the approved initial budget for operation of the proposed development and a schedule of the estimated housing development costs.

If the executive director determines not to issue a commitment, he shall so notify the applicant.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 5, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994.

13VAC10-20-60. Initial closing.

Upon issuance of the commitment, the applicant shall direct its attorney to prepare and submit the legal documentation (the "initial closing documents") required by the commitment within the time period specified. When the initial closing documents have been submitted and approved by the authority staff and all other requirements in the commitment have been satisfied, the initial closing of the mortgage loan shall be held. At this closing, the initial closing documents shall be, where required, executed and recorded, and the mortgagor will pay to the authority the balance owed on the processing and financing fees, will make any initial equity investment required by the initial closing documents and will fund such other deposits, escrows and reserves as required by the commitment. The initial disbursement of mortgage loan proceeds will be made by the authority, if appropriate under the commitment and the initial closing documents.

Prior to the financing of the mortgage loan, the executive director shall make the findings, if applicable, required by subsection A of § 36-55.39 of the Code of Virginia.

Prior to the financing of the mortgage loan, the applicant shall, pursuant to subsection B of § 36-55.39 of the Code of Virginia, provide the authority with (i) a copy of the written staff determination received by the applicant from the locality that the development is consistent with current zoning and other land use regulations, (ii) a written certification from the applicant that the locality failed to respond to the applicant's request for a determination described in clause (i) within 30 days as provided in subsection B of § 36-55.39 of the Code of Virginia, or (iii) a copy of any building permit issued by the locality for the construction or rehabilitation of the development.

The actual interest rate on the mortgage loan shall be established by the executive director prior to or at the time of the execution of the deed of trust note at initial closing and may thereafter be altered by the executive director in accordance with the authority's rules and regulations and the terms of such note.

The executive director may require such accounts, reserves, deposits, escrows, bonds, letters of credit and other assurances as he shall deem appropriate to assure the satisfactory construction, completion, occupancy and operation of the development, including without limitation one or more of the following: working capital deposits, construction contingency funds, operating reserve accounts, payment and performance bonds or letters of credit, latent construction defect escrows, replacement reserves, and tax and insurance escrows. The foregoing shall be in such amounts and subject to such terms and conditions as the executive director shall require and as shall be set forth in the initial closing documents.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 6, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994; Volume 11, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1995; Volume 13, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1997.

13VAC10-20-70. Construction.

The construction of the development shall be performed in accordance with the initial closing documents. The authority shall have the right to inspect the development as often as deemed necessary or appropriate by the authority to determine the progress of the work and compliance with the initial closing documents and to ascertain the propriety and validity of mortgage loan disbursements requested by the mortgagor. Such inspections shall be made for the sole and exclusive benefit and protection of the authority. A disbursement of mortgage loan proceeds may only be made upon a determination by the authority that the terms and conditions of the initial closing documents with respect to any such disbursement have been satisfied; provided, however, that in the event that such terms and conditions have not been satisfied, the executive director may, in his discretion, permit such disbursement if additional security or assurance satisfactory to him is given. The amount of any disbursement shall be determined in accordance with the terms of the initial closing documents and shall be subject to such retainage or holdback as is therein prescribed.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 7, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994.

13VAC10-20-80. Completion of construction and final closing.

The initial closing documents shall specify those requirements and conditions that must be satisfied in order for the development to be deemed to have attained final completion. Upon such final completion of the development, the mortgagor, general contractor, and any other parties required to do so by the initial closing documents shall each diligently commence, complete and submit to the authority for review and approval their cost certification in accordance with the authority's cost certification guide or in accordance with such other requirements as shall have been agreed to by the authority.

Prior to or concurrently with final closing, the mortgagor, general contractor and other members of the development team shall perform all acts and submit all contracts and documents required by the initial closing documents in order to attain final completion, make the final disbursement of mortgage loan proceeds, obtain any federal insurance, subsidy or assistance and otherwise consummate the final closing.

At the final closing, the authority shall determine the following in accordance with the initial closing documents:

1. The total development costs, the final mortgage loan amount, the balance of mortgage loan proceeds to be disbursed to the mortgagor, the equity investment of the mortgagor and, if applicable, the maximum amount of annual limited dividend distributions;

2. The date for commencement and termination of the monthly amortization payments of principal and interest, the amount of such monthly amortization payments, and the amounts to be paid monthly into the escrow accounts for taxes, insurance, replacement reserves, or other similar escrow items; and

3. Any other funds due the authority, the mortgagor, general contractor, architect or other parties that the authority requires to be disbursed or paid as part of the final closing.

Unless otherwise agreed to by the authority, the mortgagor and contractor shall, within such period of time as is specified in the authority's cost certification guide, submit supplemental cost certifications, and the authority shall have the right to make such adjustments to the foregoing determinations as it shall deem appropriate as a result of its review of such supplemental cost certification.

The equity investment of the mortgagor shall be the difference between the total housing development costs of the development as finally determined by the authority and the final principal amount of the mortgage loan as to such development. If the mortgage loan commitment and initial closing documents so provide and subject to such terms and conditions as shall be set forth therein, the equity shall be adjusted subsequent to final closing to an amount equal to the difference, as of the date of adjustment, between the fair market value of the development and the outstanding principal balance of the mortgage loan.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 8, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994.

13VAC10-20-90. Mortgage loan increases.

The authority may consider and, where appropriate, approve a mortgage loan increase if determined by the authority to be in its best interests in protecting its security for the mortgage loan. Any such mortgage loan increase shall require the approval of the board, or if authorized by resolution of the board, the executive director, and shall be subject to such terms and conditions as the board or the executive director may require. Nothing contained in this section shall impose any duty or obligation on the authority to increase any mortgage loan, as the decision as to whether to grant a mortgage loan increase shall be within the sole and absolute discretion of the authority.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30.3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 9, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994; Volume 19, Issue 2, eff. September 20, 2002.

13VAC10-20-100. Operation, management and marketing.

The development shall be subject to a regulatory agreement entered into at initial closing between the authority and the mortgagor. Such regulatory agreement shall govern the rents, operating budget, occupancy, marketing, management, maintenance, operation, use and disposition of the development and the activities and operation of the mortgagor, as well as the amount of assets or income of the development which may be distributed to the mortgagor. The mortgagor shall execute such other documents with regard to the regulation of the development and the mortgagor as the executive director may determine to be necessary or appropriate to protect the interests of the authority and to permit fulfillment of the authority's duties and responsibilities under the Act and this chapter.

Except as otherwise agreed by the authority pursuant to 13VAC10-20-130 hereof, only rents established or approved on behalf of the authority pursuant to the regulatory agreement may be charged for dwelling units in the development. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the case of any developments financed subsequent to January 1, 1986, the authority may agree with the mortgagor that the rents may be established and changed by the mortgagor without the prior approval of the authority, subject to such restrictions in the regulatory agreement as the authority shall deem necessary to assure that the rents shall be affordable to persons and families intended to be served by the development and subject to compliance by the mortgagor with the provisions in 13VAC10-20-20.

The mortgagor shall lease the units in the development only to persons and families who are eligible for occupancy thereof as described in 13VAC10-20-20. The mortgagor shall comply with the provisions of the authority's rules and regulations regarding: (i) the examination and determination of the income and eligibility of applicants for initial occupancy of the development; and (ii) the periodic reexamination and redetermination of the income and eligibility of residents of the development.

In selecting eligible residents, the mortgagor shall comply with the tenant selection plan approved by the authority pursuant to 13VAC10-20-50.

The management of the development shall also be subject to a management agreement entered into at initial closing between the mortgagor and its management agent, or where the mortgagor and the management agent are the same entity, between the authority and the mortgagor. Such management agreement shall govern the policies, practices and procedures relating to the management, marketing and operation of the development. The mortgagor and its management agent (if any) shall manage the development in accordance with the Act, this chapter, the regulatory agreement, the management agreement, and the management plan approved by the authority.

The authority shall have the power to supervise the mortgagor and the development in accordance with § 36-55.34:1 of the Code of Virginia and the terms of the initial closing documents or other agreements relating to the mortgage loans. The authority shall have the right to inspect the development, conduct audits of all books and records of the development and to require such reports as the authority deems reasonable to assure compliance with this section.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 10, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994.

13VAC10-20-110. Transfers of ownership.

A. It is the authority's policy to evaluate requests for transfers of ownership on a case-by-case basis. The primary goal of the authority is the continued existence of low and moderate income rental housing stock maintained in a financially sound manner and in safe and sanitary condition. Any changes which would, in the opinion of the authority, detrimentally affect this goal will not be approved.

The provisions set forth in this section shall apply only to transfers of ownership to be made subject to the authority's deed of trust and regulatory agreement. Such provisions shall not be applicable to transfers of ownership of developments subject to FHA mortgage insurance, it being the policy of the authority to consent to any such transfer approved by FHA and permitted by the Act and applicable note or bond resolutions.

For the purposes hereof, the terms "transfer of ownership" and "transfer" shall include any direct or indirect transfer of a partnership or other ownership interest (including, without limitation, the withdrawal or substitution of any general partner) or any sale, conveyance or other direct or indirect transfer of the development or any interest therein; provided, however, that if the owner is not then in default under the deed of trust or regulatory agreement, such terms shall not include: (i) any sale, transfer, assignment or substitution of limited partnership interests prior to final closing of the mortgage loan or; (ii) any sale, transfer, assignment or substitution of limited partnership interests which in any 12 month period constitute in the aggregate 50% or less of the partnership interests in the owner. The term "proposed ownership entity," as used herein, shall mean: (i) in the case of a transfer of a partnership interest, the owner of the development as proposed to be restructured by such transfer; and (ii) in the case of a transfer of the development, the entity which proposes to acquire the development.

B. The proposed ownership entity requesting approval of a transfer of ownership must initially submit a written request to the authority. This request should contain, to the extent applicable or requested by the authority: (i) a detailed description of the terms of the transfer; (ii) all documentation to be executed in connection with the transfer; (iii) information regarding the legal, business and financial status and experience of the proposed ownership entity and of the principals therein, including current financial statements (which shall be audited in the case of a business entity); (iv) an analysis of the current physical and financial condition of the development, including a current audited financial report for the development; (v) information regarding the experience and ability of any proposed management agent; and (vi) any other information and documents relating to the transfer. The request will be reviewed and evaluated in accordance with the following criteria:

1. The proposed ownership entity and the principals therein must have the experience, ability and financial capacity necessary to own, operate and manage the development in a manner satisfactory to the authority.

2. The development's physical and financial condition must be acceptable to the authority as of the date of transfer or such later date as the authority may approve. In order to assure compliance with this criteria, the authority may require any of the following:

a. The performance of any necessary repairs and the correction of any deferred or anticipated maintenance work;

b. The addition of any improvements to the development which, in the judgment of the authority, will be necessary or desirable for the successful marketing of the development, will reduce the costs of operating or maintaining the development, will benefit the residents or otherwise improve the liveability of the development, or will improve the financial strength and stability of the development;

c. The establishment of escrows to assure the completion of any required repairs, maintenance work, or improvements;

d. The establishment of such new reserves and/or such additional funding of existing reserves as may be deemed necessary by the authority to ensure or preserve the financial strength and stability or the proper operation and maintenance of the development; and

e. The funding of debt service payments, accounts payable and reserve requirements such that the foregoing are current at the time of any transfer of ownership.

3. The management agent, if any, to be selected by the proposed ownership entity to manage the development on its behalf must have the experience and ability necessary to manage the development in a manner satisfactory to the authority. The management agent must satisfy the qualifications established by the authority for approval thereof.

If the development is subsidized or otherwise assisted by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or any successor entity ("HUD"), the approval by HUD may be required. Any and all documentation required by HUD must be submitted by the proposed ownership entity in conjunction with its request.

C. The authority may charge the proposed ownership entity a fee of $5,000 or such higher fee as the executive director may for good cause require. This fee, if any, is to be paid at the closing.

D. The amount and terms of any secondary financing (i.e., any portion of the purchase price is to be paid after closing of the transfer of ownership) shall be subject to the review and approval of the authority. Secondary financing which would require a lien on the development may be prohibited by the authority's bond resolution and, if so prohibited, will not be permitted or approved. The authority will not provide a mortgage loan increase or other financing in connection with the transfer of ownership. The authority will also not approve a rent increase in order to provide funds for the repayment of any secondary financing. Cash flow (other than dividend distributions) shall not be used to repay the secondary financing. Any proposed secondary financing must not, in the determination of the authority, have any material adverse effect on the operation and management of the development, the security of the mortgage loan, the interests of the authority as lender, or the fulfillment of the authority's public purpose under the Act. The authority may impose such conditions and restrictions (including, without limitation, requirements as to sources of payment for the secondary financing and limitations on the remedies which may be exercised upon a nonpayment of the secondary financing) with respect to the secondary financing as it may deem necessary or appropriate to prevent the occurrence of any such adverse effect.

E. In the case of a transfer from a nonprofit owner to a proposed for-profit owner, the authority may require the proposed for-profit owner to deposit and/or expend funds in such amount and manner and for such purposes and to take such other actions as the authority may require in order to assure that the principal amount of the mortgage loan does not exceed the limitations specified in the Act and this chapter or otherwise imposed by the authority. No transfer of ownership from a nonprofit owner to a for-profit owner shall be approved if such transfer would, in the judgment of the authority, affect the tax-exemption of the notes or bonds issued by the authority to finance the development. The authority will not approve any such transfer of ownership if any loss of property tax abatement as a result of such transfer will, in the determination of the authority, adversely affect the financial strength or security of the development.

At the closing of the transfer of the ownership from a nonprofit owner to a for-profit owner, the total development cost and the equity of a proposed for-profit owner shall be determined by the authority. The resolution of the board approving the transfer of ownership shall include a determination of the maximum annual rate, if any, at which distributions may be made by the proposed for-profit owner pursuant to this chapter. The proposed for-profit owner shall execute and deliver such agreements and documents as the authority may require in order to incorporate the then existing policies, requirements and procedures relating to developments owned by for-profit owners. The role of the nonprofit owner in the ownership, operation and management of the development subsequent to the transfer of ownership shall be subject to the review and approval of the authority. The authority may require that any cash proceeds received by the nonprofit owner (after the payment of transaction costs and the funding of any fees, costs, expenses, reserves or escrows required or approved by the authority) be used for such charitable or other purposes as the authority may approve.

F. A request for transfer of ownership shall be reviewed by the executive director. If the executive director determines to recommend approval thereof, he shall present his analysis and recommendation to the board. The board shall review and consider the analysis and recommendation of the executive director, and if it concurs with such recommendation, it shall by resolution approve the request and authorize the executive director to consent thereto, subject to such terms and conditions as the board shall require in such resolution.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, if any proposed transfer is determined by the executive director to have no substantial effect on the operation and management of the development or the authority's interest therein as lender and to have no policy implications for the programs of the authority, such transfer may be permitted or approved by him without approval of the board.

After approval of the request, an approval letter will be issued to the mortgagor consenting to the transfer. Such letter shall be contingent upon the delivery and execution of any and all closing documents required by the authority with respect to the transfer of ownership and the fulfillment of any special conditions required by the resolution of the board or by the executive director. The partnership agreement of the proposed ownership entity shall be subject to review by the authority and shall contain such terms and conditions as the authority may require.

The authority may require that the proposed ownership entity execute the then current forms of the authority's mortgage loan documents in substitution of the existing mortgage loan documents and/or to execute such amendments to the existing mortgage loan documents as the authority may require in order to cause the provisions of such documents to incorporate the then existing policies, procedures and requirements of the authority. At the closing of the transfer, all documents required by the approval letter shall be, where required, executed and recorded; all funds required by the approval letter will be paid or deposited in accordance therewith; and all other terms and conditions of the approval letter shall be satisfied. If deemed appropriate by the executive director, the original mortgagor shall be released from all liability and obligations which may thereafter arise under the documents previously executed with respect to the development.

In the case of a development which is in default or which is experiencing or is expected by the authority to experience financial, physical or other problems adversely affecting its financial strength and stability or its proper operation, maintenance or management, the authority may waive or modify any of the requirements herein as it may deem necessary or appropriate in order to assist the development and/or to protect the authority's interest as lender.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 11, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994; Volume 13, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1997.

13VAC10-20-120. Prepayments.

It shall be the policy of the authority that no prepayment of a mortgage loan shall be made without its prior written consent for such period of time set forth in the note evidencing the mortgage loan as the executive director shall determine, based upon his evaluation of then existing conditions in the financial and housing markets, to be necessary to accomplish the public purpose of the authority. The authority may prohibit the prepayment of mortgage loans during such period of time as deemed necessary by the authority to assure compliance with applicable note and bond resolutions and with federal laws and regulations governing the federal tax exemption of the notes or bonds issued to finance such mortgage loans. Requests for prepayment shall be reviewed by the executive director on a case-by-case basis. In reviewing any request for prepayment, the executive director shall consider such factors as he deems relevant, including without limitation the following: (i) the proposed use of the development subsequent to prepayment; (ii) any actual or potential termination or reduction of any federal subsidy or other assistance; (iii) the current and future need and demand for low and moderate housing in the market area of the development; (iv) the financial and physical condition of the development; (v) the financial effect of prepayment on the authority and the notes or bonds issued to finance the development; and (vi) compliance with any applicable federal laws and regulations governing the federal tax exemption of such notes or bonds. As a precondition to its approval of any prepayment, the authority shall have the right to impose restrictions, conditions and requirements with respect to the ownership, use, operation and disposition of the development, including without limitation any restrictions or conditions required in order to preserve the federal tax exemption of notes or bonds issued to finance the development. The authority shall also have the right to charge a prepayment fee in an amount determined in accordance with the terms of the resolutions authorizing the notes or bonds issued to finance the development or in such other amount as may be established by the executive director in accordance with the terms of the deed of trust note and such resolutions. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to impose any duty or obligation on the authority to approve any prepayment, as the executive director shall have sole and absolute discretion to approve or disapprove any prepayment based upon his judgment as to whether such prepayment would be in the best interests of the authority and would promote the goals and purposes of its programs and policies. The provisions of this section shall be subject to modification pursuant to 13VAC10-20-130 hereof.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 12, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994.

13VAC10-20-130. Modification of regulatory controls and mortgage loan.

If the executive director determines that (i) the mortgagor of any development is not receiving a sufficient financial return from the operation thereof as a result of a reduction in the amount of federal tax benefits available to the development (generally, at least 10 years, in the case of new construction, or five years, in the case of substantial rehabilitation, after the date of initial occupancy), (ii) the reserves of such development are and, after any action taken pursuant to this section, will continue to be adequate to assure its proper operation and maintenance and (iii) the rental and other income is and, after any action taken pursuant to this section, will continue to be sufficient to pay the debt service on the mortgage loan and the operating expenses of the development (including required payments to reserve accounts), then he may agree to one or more of the following modifications to the regulatory controls of the authority:

1. Rents may be thereafter established and changed by the mortgagor without the prior approval of the authority, subject to (i) such restrictions as he shall deem necessary to assure that the rents shall be affordable to persons and families to be served by the development, (ii) compliance by the mortgagor with the provisions in 13VAC10-20-20, and (iii) such limitations on rent increases to existing residents as he shall deem necessary to prevent undue financial hardship to such residents;

2. Subject to prior approval by the board, any limitation on annual dividend distributions may be increased or eliminated, as determined by him to be necessary to provide an adequate financial return to the mortgagor without adversely affecting the financial strength or proper operation and maintenance of the development; and

3. The mortgagor may be given the right to prepay the mortgage loan on the date 20 years after the date of substantial completion of the development as determined by the executive director (or such later date as shall be necessary to assure compliance with federal laws and regulations governing the tax exemption of the notes or bonds issued to finance the mortgage loan), provided that the mortgagor shall be required to pay a prepayment fee in an amount described in 13VAC10-20-120, and provided further that such right to prepay shall be granted only if the prepayment pursuant thereto would not, in the determination of the executive director, result in a reduction in the amount or term of any federal subsidy or assistance for the development. The executive director may require that the mortgagor grant to the authority (i) a right of first refusal upon a proposed sale of the development which would result in an exercise by the mortgagor of its right, as described above, to prepay the mortgage loan and (ii) an option to purchase the development upon an election by the mortgagor otherwise to exercise its right, as described above, to prepay the mortgage loan, which right of first refusal and option to purchase shall be effective for such period of time and shall be subject to such terms and conditions as the executive director shall require.

The foregoing modifications shall be made only to the extent permissible under and consistent with applicable federal laws and regulations and any agreements governing federal subsidy, assistance or mortgage insurance.

Upon a determination by the executive director as described in (i), (ii) and (iii) above in this section, the authority may also approve an increase in the principal amount of its mortgage loan or a restructuring of such mortgage loan (such as a modification of the mortgage loan by conversion thereof into an obligation guaranteed by a federal agency or instrumentality), subject to such terms and conditions as the authority may require, including (but not limited to) one or more of the following:

1. Compliance with the conditions and limitations in the Act and the authority's rules and regulations and with any applicable federal law and regulations and any agreements governing federal subsidy, assistance or mortgage insurance;

2. The ability of the authority to sell bonds to finance any mortgage loan increase in amounts, at rates and under terms and conditions satisfactory to the authority (applicable only if any such mortgage loan increase is to be financed by the authority from proceeds of its bonds);

3. A determination by the authority that the rents shall remain affordable to persons and families of low and moderate income to be served by the development and that the mortgage loan increase or restructuring and any increase in debt service will have no material adverse effect on the financial security of its mortgage loan or proper operation and maintenance of the development;

4. If the development receives federal subsidy or assistance or is subject to federal mortgage insurance, assurances satisfactory to the authority that such mortgage loan increase or restructuring and any increase in debt service are permissible under applicable federal law and regulations and will not adversely affect the term or amount of any federal subsidy or assistance or the coverage of any mortgage insurance and that any federal subsidy or assistance may be applied to pay any increase in debt service;

5. Such terms and conditions as the authority shall require in order to protect the security of its mortgage loan; to reimburse the authority for costs and expenses that may result from such mortgage loan increase or restructuring; to comply with covenants and agreements with, and otherwise to protect the interests of, the holders of its bonds issued to finance the mortgage loan or any increase thereof; and to carry out its public purpose.

Upon a determination as described in (i), (ii) and (iii) above in this section, the executive director may also approve a release of moneys held in the reserve funds of the development in such amount as he shall determine to be in excess of the amount required to assure the proper operation and maintenance of the development.

The executive director may require that all or a portion of the proceeds from any increase or restructuring of the mortgage loan or from any release of reserve funds be applied, in such manner and amount and on such terms and conditions as he shall deem necessary or appropriate, for improvements to the development or for providing additional housing for persons and families of low and moderate income.

The authorizations in this section for modifications of regulatory controls, mortgage loan increases and restructuring, and releases of reserve funds shall be cumulative and shall not be exclusive of each other. Accordingly, the authority, in its discretion, may elect to exercise for any development one or more or all of such authorizations.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-55.30:3 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR400-02-0001 § 13, eff. July 1, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 4, Issue 12, eff. February 16, 1988; Volume 4, Issue 16, eff. April 20, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 8, eff. December 16, 1988; Volume 5, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 1989; Volume 8, Issue 6, eff. November 15, 1991; Volume 11, Issue 6, eff. November 16, 1994.

Forms (13VAC10-20)

Previous Participation Certification.



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