Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 24. Transportation and Motor Vehicles
Agency 20. Department of Motor Vehicles
1/21/2020

Chapter 80. Overload Permit Regulations

Part I
General Provisions

24VAC20-80-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

"Group of axles" means all of the axles located under a vehicle or combination of vehicles.

"Gross weight limitation" means the maximum gross weight permitted for a vehicle or combination. The maximum permitted weight depends on the number of axles and on the distance between the center of the steering axle and the center of the extreme axle of the vehicle or combination. Permissible gross weights for vehicles without overload permits are set out in the table under 24VAC20-80-50 of this chapter.

"Overload permit" means a permit issued by representatives of the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, the State Corporation Commission and other authorized agents to allow Virginia and foreign based vehicles or combinations of vehicles to exceed the weight limitations otherwise applicable to such vehicles by a certain percentage specified in the permit.

"Registered gross weight" means the weight for which a vehicle or combination of vehicles is registered or licensed.

"Single axle" means an assembly of two or more wheels whose centers are in one transverse vertical plane or may be included between two parallel transverse vertical planes 40 inches apart, extending across the full width of the vehicle.

"Single axle weight" means the total weight transmitted to the road by all wheels whose centers may be included between two parallel transverse vertical planes 40 inches apart extending across the full width of the vehicle. The maximum single axle weight permitted for any vehicle or combination is 20,000 pounds, or 650 pounds per inch width of tire, measured in contact with the surface of the highway except where an overload permit has been obtained.

"Tandem axle" means any two or more consecutive axles whose centers are more than 40 inches apart but not more than 96 inches apart, and are individually attached to or articulated, or both, from a common attachment to the vehicle including a connection mechanism designed to equalize the load between axles.

"Tandem axle weight" means the total weight transmitted to the road by two or more consecutive axles whose centers may be included between parallel transverse vertical planes spaced more than 40 inches apart and not more than 96 inches apart, extending across the full width of the vehicle. The maximum tandem axle weight permitted for any vehicle or combination is 34,000 pounds (provided that no one axle of such tandem unit may exceed the weight permitted for a single axle), except where an overload permit has been obtained.

Statutory Authority

§§ 46.2-203 and 46.2-1128 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR485-60-8301 § 1.1, eff. October 12, 1988.

24VAC20-80-20. Introduction.

These regulations are made and promulgated pursuant to Chapters 1.1:1 and 1.2 of Title 9, and § 46.1-1128 and related sections of Title 46.2, of the Code of Virginia. In order to make them more complete and usable, they include portions of the pertinent statutes.

Statutory Authority

§§ 46.2-203 and 46.2-1128 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR485-60-8301 § 1.2, eff. October 12, 1988.

24VAC20-80-30. Reconsideration of regulations.

The Department of Motor Vehicles will receive, consider and respond to petitions by any interested person at any time with respect to the reconsideration or revision of this chapter.

Statutory Authority

§§ 46.2-203 and 46.2-1128 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR485-60-8301 § 1.3, eff. October 12, 1988.

Part II
Permit Requirements

24VAC20-80-40. Overload permit requirements.

These regulations apply to vehicle owners who desire to purchase an Overload Permit to allow their vehicles to exceed gross weight and axle weight limitations.

A. Overload Permits are issued for one-year periods and should be purchased annually at the time of vehicle registration. The Overload Permit may also be purchased at the time a quarterly vehicle registration is purchased; however, the entire Overload Permit fee is required, and the permit will be valid for one year.

B. The fee to transfer an Overload Permit is $2.00. Decals shall be removed from the vehicle and shall accompany the application for a new Overload Permit.

C. Overload Permits will be issued in the same name and for the same vehicle as the vehicle registration.

D. No refund of Overload Permit fees will be made.

E. The percentage of overload permitted and the cost of the Overload Permit for each percentage are as follows:

OVERLOAD

FEE

1.0%

$35

2.0%

$75

3.0%

$115

4.0%

$160

5.0%

$200

F. The Overload Permit authorizes the operation of the vehicle at weights which exceed the gross weight limitation, single axle weight limit, tandem axle weight limit, or the gross weight for which the vehicle is registered. However, in no case shall the permit allow a vehicle or combination of vehicles to exceed a gross weight of 80,000 pounds.

G. In addition to the extension of weight limitations authorized under subsection F of this section, an additional 5.0% overload shall be permitted for vehicles or combinations of vehicles which have a current Overload Permit and which are transporting Virginia-grown forest or farm products. The products must be in transit from the place where they are first produced, cut, harvested or felled to the location where they will be first processed. This additional extension of weight limitations shall apply to the gross weight limit, single axle weight limit, tandem axle weight limit, or the registered gross weight limit. However, in no case shall the Overload Permit allow a vehicle or combination of vehicles to exceed the gross weight limit plus the percentage of the permit purchased plus the 5.0% allowed under this section. In no case shall the permit allow a vehicle or combination of vehicles to exceed a maximum of 10% overload or to allow a vehicle or combination of vehicles to exceed 80,000 pounds gross weight.

H. No vehicle or combination of vehicles is currently authorized to travel upon a federal interstate highway with a single axle weight in excess of 20,000 pounds, a tandem axle weight in excess of 34,000 pounds, or a gross weight in excess of 80,000 pounds or in excess of the federal bridge formula as shown on the chart included in this chapter. Overload Permits do not allow vehicles to exceed those federal limitations, which remain in effect until modified by the proper authorities.

I. In order to purchase an Overload Permit, the owner of a power unit shall:

1. Request the permit from the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, the Virginia State Corporation Commission, or contract agents authorized by the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles;

2. Pay the appropriate fee for the desired percentage of permissible overload; and

3. Furnish, on an application supplied by the issuing agent, the following information for the power unit:

a. Make;

b. Identification number;

c. Current license plate number;

d. Expiration date;

e. State of issue; and

f. Registered gross weight.

J. The fee for an initial permit issued on a vehicle may be prorated to the month of the expiration of the vehicle license plates.

K. Overload Permits will be in the form of decals, issued in duplicate, and will indicate the percentage of overload purchased. The decals shall be placed on the vehicle in the following locations:

1. One decal shall be placed on the driver side adjacent to the SCC Permit.

2. The second decal shall be placed on the opposite side (passenger side) in the same approximate area as the first decal.

L. Expired decals shall be removed or destroyed.

Statutory Authority

§§ 46.2-203 and 46.2-1128 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR485-60-8301 § 2.1, eff. October 12, 1988.

Part III
Gross Weight Allowed Based on Axle Spacing

24VAC20-80-50. Gross weight allowed.

The gross weight imposed upon the highway by a vehicle or combination may not exceed (except where an overload permit has been obtained and then only on noninterstate highways), the maximum weight shown below for the respective distance between the first and last axle of the group of axles measured longitudinally to the nearest foot.

Distance in Feet and the Maximum Weight in Pounds on Any Group of Axles

Statutory Authority

§§ 46.2-203 and 46.2-1128 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR485-60-8301 § 3.1, eff. October 12, 1988.

Forms (24VAC20-80)

Overload Permit, VSA 145 (Rev. 2/94).

Overload Permit Fees Prorated, VSA 55 (Rev. 5/89).

Overload Permit Fees Prorated, Multi-Year (Rev. 5/89).



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