Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 4. Conservation and Natural Resources
Agency 15. Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
1/28/2020

Chapter 30. Definitions and Miscellaneous: Importation, Possession, Sale, Etc., of Animals

4VAC15-30-5. Powers, authorities, and duties of the director in permitting.

Pursuant to § 29.1-413 of the Code of Virginia and under authority granted to the board in subdivision 12 of § 29.1-103 of the Code of Virginia, the board hereby confers authority upon the director to set the permit schedule, establish permit conditions, delegate signature authority, establish protocols for responding to permit decision appeals, and render final permit decisions. The director shall also have authority to establish a policy on the issuance of new permits to individuals whose previous permits or applications have been revoked or denied for infractions of wildlife laws, regulations, or conditions.

Statutory Authority

§§ 29.1-103, 29.1-501 and 29.1-502 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 10, eff. March 4, 1998; amended, Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2008.

4VAC15-30-7. Continuation of permitted activity.

Provided that the issuance of a permit renewal by the department has been delayed past the expiration date of the permittee's previous permit at no fault of the applicant, the permittee may continue the specific activities authorized by the expired permit until the department has acted on such person's application for renewal. To qualify for this allowance, applicants must submit a completed renewal application to the department at least 30 days prior to the expiration date of their permit. The department may deny renewal of a permit to any applicant who fails to meet the issuance criteria set forth by the department.

Statutory Authority

§§ 29.1-501 and 29.1-502 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 10, eff. March 4, 1998.

4VAC15-30-10. Possession, importation, sale, etc., of wild animals.

Under the authority of §§ 29.1-103 and 29.1-521 of the Code of Virginia it shall be unlawful to take, possess, conduct research, import, cause to be imported, export, cause to be exported, buy, sell, offer for sale, or liberate within the Commonwealth any wild animal unless otherwise specifically permitted by law or regulation. Unless otherwise stated, for the purposes of identifying species regulated by the board, when both the scientific and common names are listed, the scientific reference to genus and species will take precedence over common names.

Statutory Authority

§§ 29.1-103, 29.1-501, and 29.1-502 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR325-01-2 § 1, eff. July 15, 1992; amended, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 9, eff. February 22, 1995; Volume 31, Issue 9, eff. January 1, 2015.

4VAC15-30-20. Permit required to import, liberate or possess predatory or undesirable animals or birds.

Under the authority of § 29.1-542 of the Code of Virginia, live wolves or coyotes, or birds or animals otherwise classed as predatory or undesirable, may not be imported into the Commonwealth or liberated therein, or possessed therein, except under a special permit of the board. Before such permit is issued, the importer shall make application to the department, giving the place of origin, the name and address of the exporter and a certificate from a licensed and accredited practicing veterinarian, or certified fish pathologist, certifying that the animal to be imported is not manifesting any signs of infectious, contagious, or communicable disease.

Statutory Authority

§§ 29.1-501 and 29.1-502 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR325-01-2 § 2, eff. July 15, 1992.

4VAC15-30-30. Exclusions.

This chapter does not prohibit the possession, importation, and sale of native or naturalized albino amphibians, native or naturalized albino reptiles, or those domestic animals as defined in 4VAC15-20-50.

Statutory Authority

§§ 29.1-501 and 29.1-502 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR325-01-2 § 3, eff. July 15, 1992; amended, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 5, eff. January 1, 1995.

4VAC15-30-40. Importation requirements, possession and sale of nonnative (exotic) animals.

A. Permit required. A special permit is required and may be issued by the department, if consistent with the department's fish and wildlife management program, to import, possess, or sell those nonnative (exotic) animals listed below and in 4VAC15-20-210 that the board finds and declares to be predatory or undesirable within the meaning and intent of § 29.1-542 of the Code of Virginia, in that their introduction into the Commonwealth will be detrimental to the native fish and wildlife resources of Virginia.

AMPHIBIANS

Order

Family

Genus/Species

Common Name

Anura

Bufonidae

Rhinella marina

Cane toad*

Pipidae

Hymenochirus spp. Pseudohymenochiris merlini

African dwarf frog

Xenopus spp.

Tongueless or African clawed frog

Caudata

Ambystomatidae

All species

All mole salamanders

BIRDS

Order

Family

Genus/Species

Common Name

Psittaciformes

Psittacidae

Myiopsitta monachus

Monk parakeet*

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Cygnus olor

Mute swan

FISH

Order

Family

Genus/Species

Common Name

Cypriniformes

Catostomidae

Catostomus microps

Modoc sucker

Catostomus santaanae

Santa Ana sucker

Catostomus warnerensis

Warner sucker

Ictiobus bubalus

Smallmouth* buffalo

I. cyprinellus

Bigmouth* buffalo

I. niger

Black buffalo*

Characidae

Pygopristis spp.
Pygocentrus spp.
Rooseveltiella spp.
Serrasalmo spp.
Serrasalmus spp.
Taddyella spp.

Piranhas

Cobitidae

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

Oriental weatherfish

Cyprinidae

Aristichyhys nobilis

Bighead carp*

Chrosomus saylori

Laurel dace

Ctenopharyngodon idella

Grass carp or white amur

Cyprinella caerulea

Blue shiner

Cyprinella formosa

Beautiful shiner

Cyprinella lutrensis

Red shiner

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

Silver carp*

Mylopharyngodom piceus

Black carp*

Notropis albizonatus

Palezone shiner

Notropis cahabae

Cahaba shiner

Notropis girardi

Arkansas River shiner

Notropis mekistocholas

Cape Fear shiner

Notropis simus pecosensis

Pecos bluntnose shiner

Notropis topeka (= tristis)

Topeka shiner

Phoxinus cumberlandensis

Blackside dace

Rhinichthys osculus lethoporus

Independence Valley speckled dace

Rhinichthys osculus nevadensis

Ash Meadows speckled dace

Rhinichthys osculus oligoporus

Clover Valley speckled dace

Rhinichthys osculus ssp.

Foskett speckled dace

Rhinichthys osculus thermalis

Kendall Warm Springs dace

Scardinius erythrophthalmus

Rudd

Tinca tinca

Tench*

Cyprinodontiformes

Poeciliidae

Gambusia gaigei

Big Bend gambusia

Gambusia georgei

San Marcos gambusia

Gambusia heterochir

Clear Creek gambusia

Gambusia nobilis

Pecos gambusia

Peociliopsis occidentalis

Gila topminnow

Gasterosteiformes

Gasterosteidae

Gasterosteus aculeatus williamsoni

Unarmored threespine stickleback

Gobiesociformes

Gobiidae

Proterorhinus marmoratus

Tubenose goby

Neogobius melanostomus

Round goby

Perciformes

Channidae

Channa spp.
Parachanna spp.

Snakeheads

Cichlidae

Tilapia spp.

Tilapia

Gymnocephalus cernuum

Ruffe*

Elassomatidae

Elassoma alabamae

Spring pygmy sunfish

Percidae

Crystallaria cincotta

Diamond darter

Etheostoma chermocki

Vermilion darter

Etheostoma boschungi

Slackwater darter

Etheostoma chienense

Relict darter

Etheostoma etowahae

Etowah darter

Etheostoma fonticola

Fountain darter

Etheostoma moorei

Yellowcheek darter

Etheostoma nianguae

Niangua darter

Etheostoma nuchale

Watercress darter

Etheostoma okaloosae

Okaloosa darter

Etheostoma phytophilum

Rush darter

Etheostoma rubrum

Bayou darter

Etheostoma scotti

Cherokee darter

Etheostoma sp.

Bluemask (= jewel) darter

Etheostoma susanae

Cumberland darter

Etheostoma wapiti

Boulder darter

Percina antesella

Amber darter

Percina aurolineata

Goldline darter

Percina jenkinsi

Conasauga logperch

Percina pantherina

Leopard darter

Percina tanasi

Snail darter

Scorpaeniformes

Cottidae

Cottus sp.

Grotto sculpin

Cottus paulus (= pygmaeus)

Pygmy sculpin

Siluriformes

Clariidae

All species

Air-breathing catfish

Ictaluridae

Noturus baileyi

Smoky madtom

Noturus crypticus

Chucky madtom

Noturus placidus

Neosho madtom

Noturus stanauli

Pygmy madtom

Noturus trautmani

Scioto madtom

Synbranchiformes

Synbranchidae

Monopterus albus

Swamp eel

MAMMALS

Order

Family

Genus/Species

Common Name

Artiodactyla

Suidae

All Species

Pigs or Hogs*

Cervidae

All Species

Deer*

Carnivora

Canidae

All Species

Wild Dogs,* Wolves, Coyotes or Coyote hybrids, Jackals and Foxes

Ursidae

All Species

Bears*

Procyonidae

All Species

Raccoons and* Relatives

Mustelidae

All Species

Weasels, Badgers,* Skunks and Otters

(except Mustela putorius furo)

Ferret

Viverridae

All Species

Civets, Genets,* Lingsangs, Mongooses, and Fossas

Herpestidae

All Species

Mongooses*

Hyaenidae

All Species

Hyenas and Aardwolves*

Felidae

All Species

Cats*

Chiroptera

All Species

Bats*

Lagomorpha

Lepridae

Brachylagus idahoensis

Pygmy rabbit

Lepus europeaeous

European hare

Oryctolagus cuniculus

European rabbit

Sylvilagus bachmani riparius

Riparian brush rabbit

Sylvilagus palustris hefneri

Lower Keys marsh rabbit

Rodentia

All species native to Africa

All species native to Africa

Dipodidae

Zapus hudsonius preblei

Preble's meadow jumping mouse

Muridae

Microtus californicus scirpensis

Amargosa vole

Microtus mexicanus hualpaiensis

Hualapai Mexican vole

Microtus pennsylvanicus dukecampbelli

Florida salt marsh vole

Neotoma floridana smalli

Key Largo woodrat

Neotoma fuscipes riparia

Riparian (= San Joaquin Valley) woodrat

Oryzomys palustris natator

Rice rat

Peromyscus gossypinus allapaticola

Key Largo cotton mouse

Peromyscus polionotus allophrys

Choctawhatchee beach mouse

Peromyscus polionotus ammobates

Alabama beach mouse

Peromyscus polionotus niveiventris

Southeastern beach mouse

Peromyscus polionotus peninsularis

St. Andrew beach mouse

Peromyscus polionotus phasma

Anastasia Island beach mouse

Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis

Perdido Key beach mouse

Reithrodontomys raviventris

Salt marsh harvest mouse

Heteromyidae

Dipodomys heermanni morroensis

Morro Bay kangaroo rat

Dipodomys ingens

Giant kangaroo rat

Dipodomys merriami parvus

San Bernadino Merriam's kangaroo rat

Dipodomys nitratoides exilis

Fresno kangaroo rat

Dipodomys nitratoides nitratoides

Tipton kangaroo rat

Dipodomys stephensi (including D. cascus)

Stephens' kangaroo rat

Perognathus longimembris pacificus

Pacific pocket mouse

Sciuridae

Cynomys spp.

Prairie dogs

Spermophilus brunneus brunneus

Northern Idaho ground squirrel

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis

Mount Graham red squirrel

Soricomorpha

Soricidae

Sorex ornatus relictus

Buena Vista Lake ornate shrew

MOLLUSKS

Order

Family

Genus/Species

Common Name

Neotaenioglossa

Hydrobiidae

Potamopyrgus antipodarum

New Zealand mudsnail

Veneroida

Dreissenidae

Dreissena bugensis

Quagga mussel

Dreissena polymorpha

Zebra mussel

REPTILES

Order

Family

Genus/Species

Common Name

Crocodilia

Alligatoridae

All species

Alligators, caimans*

Crocodylidae

All species

Crocodiles*

Gavialidae

All species

Gavials*

Squamata

Colubridae

Boiga irregularis

Brown tree snake*

CRUSTACEANS

Order

Family

Genus/Species

Common Name

Decapoda

Cambaridae

Cambarus aculabrum

Cave crayfish

Cambarus zophonastes

Cave crayfish

Orconectes rusticus

Rusty crayfish

Orconectes shoupi

Nashville crayfish

Pacifastacus fortis

Shasta crayfish

Procambarus sp.

Marbled crayfish

Parastacidae

Cherax spp.

Australian crayfish

Varunidea

Eriocheir sinensis

Chinese mitten crab

B. Temporary possession permit for certain animals. Notwithstanding the permitting requirements of subsection A of this section, a person, company or corporation possessing any nonnative (exotic) animal, designated with an asterisk (*) in subsection A of this section, prior to July 1, 1992, must declare such possession in writing to the department by January 1, 1993. This written declaration shall serve as a permit for possession only, is not transferable, and must be renewed every five years. This written declaration must include species name, common name, number of individuals, date or dates acquired, sex (if possible), estimated age, height or length, and other characteristics such as bands and band numbers, tattoos, registration numbers, coloration, and specific markings. Possession transfer will require a new permit according to the requirements of this subsection.

C. Exception for certain monk parakeets. A permit is not required for monk parakeets (quakers) that have been captive bred and are closed-banded with a seamless band.

D. Exception for parts or products. A permit is not required for parts or products of those nonnative (exotic) animals listed in subsection A of this section that may be used for personal use, in the manufacture of products, or used in scientific research, provided that such parts or products be packaged outside the Commonwealth by any person, company, or corporation duly licensed by the state in which the parts originate. Such packages may be transported into the Commonwealth, consistent with other state laws and regulations, so long as the original package remains unbroken, unopened and intact until its point of destination is reached. Documentation concerning the type and cost of the animal parts ordered, the purpose and date of the order, point and date of shipping, and date of receiving shall be kept by the person, business or institution ordering such nonnative (exotic) animal parts. Such documentation shall be open to inspection by a representative of the Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

E. Exception for prairie dogs. The effective date of listing of prairie dogs under subsection A of this section shall be January 1, 1998. Prairie dogs possessed in captivity in Virginia on December 31, 1997, may be maintained in captivity until the animals' deaths, but they may not be sold on or after January 1, 1998, without a permit.

F. Exception for snakehead fish. Anglers may legally harvest snakehead fish of the family Channidae, provided that they immediately kill such fish and that they notify the department, as soon as practicable, of such actions.

G. Exception for feral hogs. Anyone may legally trap feral hogs with written permission of the landowner, provided that any trapped hogs are not removed from the trap site alive and are killed immediately.

H. Exception for grass carp. Anglers may legally harvest grass carp of the family Cyprinidae from public waters of the Commonwealth, except from department-owned or department-controlled lakes, provided that anglers ensure that harvested grass carp are dead.

I. All other nonnative (exotic) animals. All other nonnative (exotic) animals not listed in subsection A of this section may be possessed, purchased, and sold; provided, that such animals shall be subject to all applicable local, state, and federal laws and regulations, including those that apply to threatened/endangered species, and further provided, that such animals shall not be liberated within the Commonwealth.

Statutory Authority

§ 29.1-501 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR325-01-2 § 4, eff. July 15, 1992; amended, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 5, effective January 1, 1995; Volume 12, Issue 4, eff. January 1, 1996; Volume 13, Issue 5, eff. January 1, 1997; Volume 13, Issue 18, subsections A through E and G eff. July 1, 1997, subsection F eff. January 1, 1998; Volume 17, Issue 6, eff. January 1, 2001; Volume 19, Issue 5, eff. January 1, 2003; Volume 19, Issue 7, eff. November 25, 2002; Volume 19, Issue 25, eff. July 30, 2003; Volume 22, Issue 6, eff. December 1, 2005; Volume 24, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2008; Volume 27, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2011; Volume 29, Issue 9, eff. January 1, 2013; Volume 30, Issue 24, eff. August 1, 2014; Volume 31, Issue 25, eff. August 1, 2015; Volume 33, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2017.

4VAC15-30-50. Possession, transportation, and release of wildlife by authorized persons.

A. Department employees in the performance of their official duties; U.S. government agencies' employees whose responsibility includes fisheries and wildlife management; county, city, or town animal control officers in the performance of their official duties related to public health concerns or problem wildlife removal; and individuals operating under conditions of a commercial nuisance animal permit issued by the department pursuant to §§ 29.1-412 and 29.1-417 of the Code of Virginia will be deemed to be permitted pursuant to this section to capture, temporarily hold or possess, transport, release, and when necessary humanely dispatch wildlife, provided that the methods of and documentation for the capture, possession, transport, release, and humane dispatch shall be in accordance with director policy.

B. Local animal shelters operating under the authority of, or under contract with, any county, city, or town with animal control responsibilities shall be authorized to receive, temporarily confine, and humanely euthanize wildlife, except for state or federal threatened and endangered species, federally protected migratory bird species, black bear, white-tailed deer, and wild turkey, provided that the methods of and documentation for the possession, confinement, and euthanasia shall be in accordance with conditions defined by the agency director. Provided further that any person may legally transport wildlife, except for those species listed in this subsection, to an authorized animal shelter after contacting the facility to confirm the animal will be accepted.

C. Wildlife rehabilitators permitted by the department shall be authorized to receive, temporarily confine, provide medical care to, release, and humanely dispatch wildlife provided that the methods of and documentation for such activities shall be in accordance with permit conditions defined by the department. Any person may capture and transport an injured, debilitated, sick, or orphaned wild animal without unnecessary delay directly to a permitted wildlife rehabilitator, department employee, or other person authorized by the department to possess and transport these animals, but only after contacting the facility, employee, or authorized person to confirm the animal will be accepted. Prior to transport, no care may be provided to a wild animal, except as directed by a permitted wildlife rehabilitator or department employee. Following rehabilitation, transport and release of native wildlife shall be allowed as long as such activities are conducted in accordance with permit conditions.

D. Employees or agents of other state wildlife agencies while in the performance of their official duty in transporting wildlife through the Commonwealth will be deemed to be permitted pursuant to this section, provided that a list of animals to be transported, a schedule of dates and locations where those animals will be housed while in the Commonwealth, and a letter of authorization from both the forwarding and receiving state agencies are provided to the department 24 hours prior to the transporting of such animals, and further provided that such animals shall not be liberated within the Commonwealth.

E. Employees or agents of government agencies, while in the performance of their official duties, may temporarily possess, transport, and dispose of carcasses of wild animals killed by vehicles, except for state or federal threatened and endangered species, and federally protected migratory bird species.

F. With prior written approval from the director or the director's designee and under conditions of an applicable department permit, institutions with bona fide accreditation from the Association of Zoos and Aquariums may possess, transport, have transported, export, or import native and naturalized species defined in the List of Native and Naturalized Fauna of Virginia, which is incorporated by reference into 4VAC15-20-50.

Statutory Authority

§§ 29.1-103 and 29.1-501 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR325-01-2 § 5, eff. February 22, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 19, eff. July 1, 2003; Volume 27, Issue 23, eff. July 1, 2011; Volume 29, Issue 25, eff. August 15, 2013; Volume 33, Issue 24, eff. August 1, 2017; Volume 35, Issue 23, eff. August 1, 2019.

4VAC15-30-60. Raptor propagation.

An applicant for a permit to propagate raptors pursuant to §§ 29.1-412, 29.1-521, and 29.1-542 of the Code of Virginia who possesses a valid Federal Raptor Propagation Permit shall submit to the department a completed State Propagation Permit application form and shall conduct their activities in accordance with permit conditions established under the authority of the director as granted in 4VAC15-30-5.

Statutory Authority

§§ 29.1-501 and 29.1-502 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 10, eff. March 4, 1998.



Website addresses provided in the Virginia Administrative Code to documents incorporated by reference are for the reader's convenience only, may not necessarily be active or current, and should not be relied upon. To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation.

As a service to the public, the Virginia Administrative Code is provided online by the Virginia General Assembly. We are unable to answer legal questions or respond to requests for legal advice, including application of law to specific fact. To understand and protect your legal rights, you should consult an attorney.