Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
8/8/2022

Part IX. Dmas-225 Adjustment Process

12VAC30-130-600. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this part, shall have the following meanings, unless the context indicates otherwise:

"DMAS" or "the department" means the Virginia Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"DMAS-225" means the Medicaid Communication form used for the provider and the DSS eligibility worker to report changes including requests for adjustments to the patient pay.

"DSS" means the local Department of Social Services.

"Facility" means a nursing facility, intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, or a long-stay acute care hospital enrolled in the Medicaid program.

"Medical necessity" means an item or service provided for the diagnosis or treatment of a patient's condition consistent with community standards of medical practice and in accordance with Medicaid policy.

"Preauthorization" means obtaining the approval necessary for receipt of a specified service from a specified provider for a specified recipient before the requested service is performed.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-04-8.16 § 1, eff. January 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 26, eff. September 17, 2021.

12VAC30-130-610. Purpose and scope.

The department's payment to nursing facilities, intermediate care facilities for the mentally retarded, and long-stay acute care hospitals shall be reduced by the amount of the patient's income, less certain deductions (the patient pay amount) in conformance with 42 CFR 435 (rev. October 1, 1992). Amounts for medical or remedial care not subject to payment by a third party, including necessary medical or remedial care not covered under the State Plan for Medical Assistance (the Plan), shall be deducted during the calculation of patient pay amounts.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-04-8.16 § 2, eff. January 1, 1995.

12VAC30-130-620. Limitations.

A. A DMAS-225 adjustment request shall always be used as the last source of payment. If a recipient has other sources of possible payment (i.e., Medicare, major medical insurance, prescription insurance, dental insurance, etc.), payment must be sought first from those other sources.

B. The maximum amount for noncovered medically necessary items or services that can be allowed as adjustments to the patient pay amount for nursing facility residents shall be the amount specified in 12VAC30-40-235.

C. Only the cost of medically necessary, resident-specific, customized, noncovered items or services may be deducted from patient pay. This shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, electric, motorized, or customized wheelchairs and other equipment not regularly supplied to residents by the facility as part of the cost of care. Supplies, equipment, or services used in the direct care and treatment of residents are covered services and must be provided by the facility. Covered items and services include, but are not necessarily limited to, standard wheelchairs, recliners, geriatric chairs, special mattresses, humidifiers, cots, and routine podiatry care (e.g., trimming nails for onychauxis, cleaning and soaking the feet, and other services performed in the absence of localized illness, injury, or symptoms involving the foot). Expenses incurred by the facility for covered items and services are considered "allowable expenses" and are covered by Medicaid as part of reimbursement to the facility for the resident's care; these costs cannot be deducted from patient pay.

D. Extenuating circumstances shall be considered for the provision of podiatry care when corrective trimming is performed to prevent further complications in a patient who has a systemic condition that has resulted in severe circulation deficits or areas of desensitization in the legs or feet. Trimming of nails for a systemic condition is limited to once every 60 days and must be medically necessary. In such cases, the facility is not responsible for routine podiatry care.

E. DMAS-225 adjustments shall be allowed for the cost of medically or remedially necessary services provided prior to Medicaid eligibility or prior to admission. Any decision made by DMAS or DSS to deny a service may be appealed to DMAS. Appeals must be made in writing by the resident or his legally appointed representative, as provided for in DMAS Client Appeals Regulations (12VAC30-110).

F. The facility shall monitor the proper care of the resident's medical supplies and equipment. Requests for adjustment made because an item is lost or broken by facility staff must include documentation on the resident's interdisciplinary plan of care regarding proper care and treatment of the item. When loss or breakage is incurred as a result of facility staff following improper practices, the facility must replace the item.

G. All requests for DMAS-225 adjustments submitted by providers to either DMAS or DSS shall include:

1. The recipient's correct Medicaid identification number;

2. The current physician's orders for the noncovered service (not required for replacement of hearing aid batteries or eyeglass frames or for repair to hearing aids or eyeglasses);

3. Medical justification for the service being requested (see subsection H of this section);

4. The service description;

5. Actual cost information;

6. Documentation that the recipient continues to need the equipment for which a repair, replacement, or battery is requested;

7. A statement of proof of denial or noncoverage by other insurance; and

8. A copy of the most current, fully completed Minimum Data Set (MDS) and quarterly review.

H. Medical justification documentation as specified in subdivision G 3 of this section shall include the following:

1. Physician prescription;

2. Identification of the diagnosis related to the reason for the request;

3. Identification of the resident's functional limitation;

4. Identification of the quantity needed, frequency of use, estimated length of use; and

5. Identification of how the item or service will be used in the resident's environment.

I. Adjustments of a recipient's patient pay amount may only be authorized by DMAS or DSS.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-04-8.16 § 3, eff. January 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 20, Issue 19, eff. August 1, 2004; Volume 37, Issue 26, eff. September 17, 2021.

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