Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code

Part I. General Provisions

12VAC30-141-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Adverse action," consistent with 42 CFR 457.1130, means the denial of eligibility; failure to make a timely determination of eligibility; suspension or termination of enrollment, including disenrollment for failure to pay cost sharing; or delay, denial, reduction, suspension, or termination of health services, in whole or in part, including a determination about the type or level of services; and failure to approve, furnish, or provide payment for health services in a timely manner; provided, however, that determination of eligibility to participate in and termination of participation in the FAMIS Select program shall not constitute an adverse action.

"Adverse benefit determination," consistent with 42 CFR 438.400, means the denial or limited authorization of a requested service; the failure to take action or timely take action on a request for service; the reduction, suspension, or termination of a previously authorized service; denial in whole or in part of a payment for a service; failure to provide services within the timeframes required by the state; for a resident of a rural exception area with only one MCO, the denial of a enrollee's request to exercise the enrollee's right under 42 CFR 438.52(b)(2)(ii) to obtain services outside of the network; the denial of a enrollee's request to dispute a financial liability as provided in 42 CFR 438.400(b)(7); or the failure of an MCO to act within the timeframes provided in 42 CFR 438.408(b).

"Agency" means a local department of social services, the central processing unit, or other entity designated by DMAS to make eligibility determinations for FAMIS.

"Agent" means an individual designated in writing to act on behalf of a FAMIS Plan applicant or enrollee during the administrative review process.

"Appeal" means an enrollee's request for review of an adverse benefit determination by an MCO or an adverse action by the LDSS, CPU, or DMAS.

"Applicant" means a child who has filed an application (or who has an application filed on his behalf) for child health insurance and is awaiting a determination of eligibility. A child is an applicant until his eligibility has been determined.

"Application for health insurance" means the. single streamlined application for determining eligibility in public health insurance programs operated by the Commonwealth.

"Authorized representative" means a person, 18 years of age or older, who is authorized to conduct the personal or financial affairs for an individual.

"Central processing unit" or "CPU" means Cover Virginia, which is the centralized entity supported by DMAS to accept and act on applications for health insurance.

"Child" means an individual younger than 19 years of age.

"Conservator" means a person appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction to manage the estate and financial affairs of an incapacitated individual.

"Continuation of coverage" means ensuring an enrollee's benefits are continued until completion of the review process, with the condition that should the enrollee not prevail in the review process, the enrollee shall be liable for the repayment of all benefits received during the review process.

"Director" means the individual, or his designee, specified in § 32.1-324 of the Code of Virginia with all of the attendant duties and responsibilities to administer the State Plan for Medical Assistance and the State Plan for FAMIS.

"DMAS" or "department" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"Ex parte review" means the review of administratively available information pertinent to the application or renewal process, conducted by eligibility staff, in order to expediently process the applicant's renewal without seeking that information from the applicant.

"Family," when used in the context of the FAMIS Select component, means a unit or group that has access to a private or employer's group health plan. Thus, it includes the policyholder or employee and any dependents who can be covered under the plan.

"FAMIS" means the Family Access to Medical Insurance Security Plan.

"FAMIS Select" means an optional program available to children determined eligible for FAMIS, whereby DMAS provides premium assistance to the family to cover the child through a private or employer-sponsored health plan instead of directly through the FAMIS program.

"Federal poverty level" or "FPL" means that income standard as published annually by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in the Federal Register.

"Fee-for-service" means the traditional Medicaid health care delivery and payment system in which physicians and other providers receive a payment for each unit of service they provide.

"Fixed premium assistance amount" means a predetermined amount of premium assistance that DMAS will pay per child to a family who chooses to enroll its FAMIS eligible child in a private or employer-sponsored health plan. The fixed premium assistance amount will be determined annually by DMAS to ensure that the FAMIS Select program is cost-effective as compared to the cost of covering a child directly through the FAMIS program.

"Guardian" means a person appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction to be responsible for the affairs of an incapacitated individual, including responsibility for making decisions regarding the person's support, care, health, safety, habilitation, education, and therapeutic treatment, and if not inconsistent with an order of commitment, residence.

"Household" means the household composition and follows the federal tax rules through the use of modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) methodology. An individual's household is based upon the tax filing relationships of applicant, persons living with the individual, and those claimed as dependents and as outlined in 42 USC § 435.603(3)(f)(1) through (f)(4).

"Household income" means the sum of MAGI-based income as outlined in 42 USC § 435.603(3)(d) through (3)(e) to include every individual in the household.

"Internal appeal" means a request to the MCO by an enrollee, an enrollee's authorized representative, or a provider, acting on behalf of the enrollee and with the enrollee's written consent, for review of an MCO's adverse benefit determination. The internal appeal is the only level of appeal with the MCO and must be exhausted by an enrollee or deemed exhausted according to 42 CFR 438.408(c)(3) before the enrollee may initiate a state fair hearing.

"Lawfully residing" means the individual is lawfully present in the United States.

"LDSS" or "local department" means the local department of social services.

"Managed care organization" or "MCO" means an organization that offers managed care health insurance plans (MCHIPs) as "MCHIP" is defined in § 32.1-137.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Premium assistance" means the portion of the family's cost of participating in a private or employer's health plan that DMAS will pay to cover the FAMIS-eligible children under the private or employer-sponsored plan if DMAS determines it is cost effective to do so.

"Private or employer-sponsored health plan" means a health insurance policy that is either purchased by an individual directly or through an employer. This component of FAMIS refers to the ability of DMAS to provide coverage to FAMIS-eligible children by providing premium assistance to families who enroll the FAMIS-eligible children in a private or employer-sponsored health plan.

"Provider" means the individual, facility or other entity registered, licensed, or certified, as appropriate, and enrolled by an MCHIP or in fee-for-service to render services to FAMIS enrollees eligible for services.

"Reasonable opportunity period" means a 90-calendar-day period given to applicants to supply verification of citizenship and identity.

"State fair hearing" means, consistent with 42 CFR 438.400, the process set forth in 42 CFR 431 Subpart E.

"Targeted low-income child" means an uninsured child younger than age 19 years whose household income is within the FAMIS eligibility standards established by the Commonwealth.

"Title XXI" means the federal State Children's Health Insurance Program as established by Subtitle J of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 21, eff. August 1, 2003; amended, Virginia Register Volume 22, Issue 26, eff. October 4, 2006; Volume 23, Issue 7, eff. January 10, 2007; Volume 30, Issue 12, eff. March 28, 2014; Volume 35, Issue 20, eff. June 26, 2019.

12VAC30-141-20. Administration and general background.

A. The state shall use funds provided under Title XXI for obtaining coverage that meets the requirements for a State Child Health Insurance Plan (also known as Title XXI).

B. The DMAS director will have the authority to contract with entities for the purpose of establishing a centralized processing site, determining eligibility, enrolling eligible children into health plans, performing outreach, data collection, reporting, and other services necessary for the administration of the Family Access to Medical Insurance Security Plan.

C. Health care services under FAMIS shall be provided through MCHIPs and through fee-for-service or through any other health care delivery system deemed appropriate by the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 21, eff. August 1, 2003; amended, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 12, eff. March 28, 2014; Volume 35, Issue 20, eff. June 26, 2019.

12VAC30-141-30. Outreach and public participation.

A. DMAS will work cooperatively with other state agencies and contractors to ensure that federal law and any applicable federal regulations are met.

B. DMAS shall develop a comprehensive marketing and outreach effort. The marketing and outreach efforts will be aimed at promoting the FAMIS and Medicaid programs and increasing enrollment and may include contracting with a public relations firm, nonprofit agencies, and foundations; coordination with other state agencies; coordination with the business community; and coordination with health care associations and providers.

C. DMAS shall ensure consultation by Native American tribes on the development and implementation of enrollment processes and procedures to exempt cost-sharing for American Indian and Alaskan Native children in compliance with 42 CFR 457.120 and 42 CFR 457.125.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 21, eff. August 1, 2003; amended, Virginia Register Volume 35, Issue 20, eff. June 26, 2019.

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