Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code

12VAC5-391-410. Other special services.

Article 2
Other Special Services

A. Other special services may be offered at the option of the hospice program and may include, but are not limited to:

1. Respiratory therapy; and

2. Pharmacy therapy.

B. Special services may be provided by hospice program employees or through contractual arrangements with individuals or programs that are licensed or certified as required by law.

C. A patient's need for special services shall be documented in the plan of care prepared by the IDG.

D. The special service provider shall assess the patient's need, assist in the development of the plan of care, and provide services according to the plan of care.

E. The special service provider shall participate in the review and update of the plan of care.

F. The special service provider shall instruct the patient, family members, and hospice staff, as appropriate, in assisting with the treatments.

G. Special services provided shall be documented in the medical record.

H. The special service provider shall provide consultative services and in-service training to hospice program staff as needed.

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-162.5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 21, Issue 23, eff. November 1, 2005.

12VAC5-391-420. Respiratory therapy.

Respiratory therapy services shall be provided by a respiratory therapist licensed in Virginia. The duties of the respiratory therapist shall include:

1. Assessing patient needs;

2. Participating with the IDG in developing a plan of care;

3. Implementing a plan of care and revising as necessary;

4. Evaluating the outcome of the care provided;

5. Educating the patient and family;

6. Providing consultation to other health care professionals;

7. Coordinating and communicating with the IDG regarding changes in the patient's needs;

8. Preparing clinical notes; and

9. Obtaining physician orders, when necessary.

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-162.5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 21, Issue 23, eff. November 1, 2005.

12VAC5-391-430. Pharmacy services.

A. All prescription drugs shall be prescribed and properly dispensed to the patient according to the provisions of Chapters 33 (§ 54.1-3300 et seq.) and 34 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia and the regulations of the Virginia Board of Pharmacy, except for prescription drugs authorized by § 54.1-3408 of the Drug Control Act, such as epinephrine for emergency administration, normal saline and heparin flushes for the maintenance of IV lines, and adult immunizations, which may be given by a nurse pursuant to established protocol.

B. Home attendants may administer normally self-administered drugs in the patient's private residence as allowed by § 54.1-3408 of the Virginia Drug Control Act (Chapter 34 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia). Any other drug shall be administered only by a licensed nurse or physician assistant.

C. The hospice program shall develop written policies and procedures for the administration of infusion therapy medications that include:

1. Developing a plan of care;

2. Initiation of medication administration based on a prescriber's order and monitoring of the patient for response to the treatment and any adverse reactions or side effects;

3. Assessment of any factors related to the home environment that may affect the prescriber's decisions for initiating, modifying, or discontinuing medications;

4. Communication with the prescriber concerning assessment of the patient's response to therapy, any other patient specific needs, any significant change in the patient's condition;

5. Communication with the patient's provider pharmacy concerning problems or needed changes in a patient's medication;

6. Maintaining a complete and accurate record of medications prescribed, medication administration data, patient assessments, any laboratory tests ordered to monitor response to drug therapy and results, and communications with the prescriber and pharmacy provider;

7. Educating or instructing the patient, family members, or other caregivers involved in the administration of infusion therapy in the proper storage of medication, in the proper handling of supplies and equipment, in any applicable safety precautions, in recognizing potential problems with the patient, and actions to take in an emergency; and

8. Initial training and retraining of all hospice program staff providing infusion therapy.

D. The hospice program shall employ a registered nurse who holds a current active license with the Virginia Board of Nursing, has completed training in infusion therapy and has the knowledge, skills, and competencies to safely administer infusion therapy to supervise medication administration by staff. This person shall be responsible for ensuring compliance with applicable laws and regulations, adherence to the policies and procedures related to administration of medications, and conducting periodic assessments of staff competency in performing infusion therapy.

E. Hospice and hospice facility employees who are authorized to possess, distribute, or administer medications to patients may store, dispense, or administer cannabidiol oil or THC-A oil to a patient who has:

1. Been issued a valid written certification for the use of cannabidiol oil or THC-A oil in accordance with subsection B of § 54.1-3408.3 of the Code of Virginia; and

2. Registered with the Board of Pharmacy.

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-162.5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 21, Issue 23, eff. November 1, 2005; amended, Virginia Register Volume 28, Issue 4, eff. November 23, 2011; Volume 36, Issue 23, eff. August 6, 2020.

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