Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
9/26/2021

Part II. Definitions and General Requirements

18VAC15-30-20. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Abatement" or "abatement project" means any measure or set of measures designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards.

1. "Abatement" includes, but is not limited to:

a. The removal of paint, and dust, the permanent enclosure or encapsulation of lead-based paint, the replacement of painted surfaces or fixtures, or the removal or permanent covering of soil, when lead-based paint hazards are present in such paint, dust or soil; and

b. All preparation, cleanup, disposal, and post-abatement clearance testing activities associated with such measures.

2. Specifically, "abatement" includes, but is not limited to:

a. Lead-based paint activities for which there is a written contract or other documentation that provides that an individual or firm will be conducting activities in or to a residential dwelling or child-occupied facility that:

(1) Shall result in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards; or

(2) Are designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards and are described in subdivision 1 of this definition;

b. Lead-based paint activities resulting in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards, conducted by firms or individuals licensed in accordance with this chapter, unless such projects are covered by subdivision 3 of this definition;

c. Lead-based paint activities resulting in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards, unless such projects are covered by subdivision 3 of this definition; or

d. Lead-based paint activities resulting in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards that are conducted in response to state or local abatement orders.

3. Abatement does not include renovation, remodeling, landscaping or other activities when such activities are not designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards, but instead are designed to repair, restore, or remodel a given structure or dwelling, even though these activities may incidentally result in a reduction or elimination of lead-based paint hazards. Abatement does not include interim controls, operations and maintenance activities, or other measures and activities designed to temporarily, but not permanently, reduce lead-based paint hazards. Furthermore, federally assisted housing and community development programs conducted in compliance with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Lead-Safe Final Rule 24 CFR Part 35 shall be considered to meet the requirements of this chapter.

"Accredited lead training program" means a training program that has been approved by the board to provide training for individuals engaged in lead-based paint activities.

"Accredited lead training provider" means a firm, individual, state or local government, or nonprofit training program that has met the requirements of this chapter and has been approved by the board to offer an accredited lead training program.

"Applicant" means any person defined in this chapter who has applied for but has not been granted an interim license, a license or approval as an accredited lead training program, approval as an accredited lead training provider or approval as a training manager or principal instructor by the board.

"Board" means the Virginia Board for Asbestos, Lead, and Home Inspectors.

"Child-occupied facility" means a building, or portion of a building, constructed prior to 1978, visited regularly by the same child, six years of age or under, on at least two different days, within any week (Sunday through Saturday period), provided that each day's visit lasts at least three hours and the combined weekly visit lasts six hours, and the combined annual visits last at least 60 hours. Child-occupied facilities may include, but are not limited to, day-care centers, preschools and kindergarten classrooms.

"Clearance levels" means values that indicate the maximum amount of lead permitted in dust on a surface following completion of an abatement activity as identified by EPA, pursuant to 15 USC § 2683.

"Common area" means a portion of a building generally accessible to all occupants, including, but not limited to, hallways, stairways, laundry and recreational rooms, playgrounds, community centers, garages and boundary fences.

"Component or building component" means specific design or structural elements or fixtures of a building or residential dwelling or child-occupied facility which are distinguished from each other by form, function, and location. These include, but are not limited to, interior components such as ceilings, crown molding, walls, chair rails, doors, door trim, floors, fireplaces, radiators and other heating units, shelves, shelf supports, stair treads, stair risers, stair stringers, newel posts, railing caps, balustrades, windows and trim (including sashes, window heads, jambs, sills, stools, and troughs), built-in cabinets, columns, beams, bathroom vanities, counter tops and air conditioners, and exterior components such as painted roofing, chimneys, flashing, gutters and downspouts, ceilings, soffits, facias, rake boards, corner boards, bulkheads, doors and door trim, fences, floors, joists, lattice work, railings and railing caps, siding, handrails, stair risers and treads, stair stringers, columns, balustrades, window sills, casings, sashes, wells, stools and troughs.

"Containment" means a process to protect workers and the environment by controlling exposures to the lead-contaminated dust and debris created during an abatement.

"Course agenda" means an outline of the key topics to be covered during a training course, including the time allotted to teach each topic.

"Course test" means an evaluation of the overall effectiveness of the training which shall test the trainees' knowledge and retention of the topics covered during the course.

"Course test blue print" means written documentation identifying the proportion of course test questions devoted to each major topic in the course curriculum.

"Department" means the Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation or any successor agency.

"Deteriorated paint" means paint that is cracking, flaking, chipping, peeling or otherwise separating from the substrate building component.

"Discipline" means one of the specific types or categories of lead-based paint activities established in this chapter for which individuals must receive training from accredited lead training providers, as defined in this chapter, and become licensed by the board. For example, "lead abatement worker " is a discipline.

"Distinct painting history" means application history, as indicated by its visual appearance or a record of application, over time, of paint or other surface coatings to a component or room.

"Documented methodologies" means methods or protocols used to sample for the presence of lead in paint, dust, and soil.

"Elevated blood-lead level (EBL)" means an excessive absorption of lead that is a confirmed concentration of lead in whole blood of 20 (508)%e2g/dl (micrograms of lead per deciliter of whole blood) for a single venous test or of 15-19 (508)%e2g/dl in two consecutive tests taken three to four months apart.

"Encapsulant" means a substance that forms a barrier between lead-based paint and the environment using a liquid-applied coating (with or without reinforcement materials) or an adhesively bonded covering material.

"Encapsulation" means the application of an encapsulant.

"Enclosure" means the use of rigid, durable construction materials that are mechanically fastened to the substrate in order to act as a barrier between lead-based paint and the environment.

"Environmental remediation activity" means any activity planned or carried out for the purpose of reducing or eliminating any environmental hazard, including activities necessary to train individuals in the proper or lawful conduct of such activities, which are regulated by federal or state law or regulation.

"EPA" means the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

"Financial interest" means financial benefit accruing to an individual or to a member of his immediate family. Such interest shall exist by reason of (i) ownership in a business if the ownership exceeds 3.0% of the total equity of the business; (ii) annual gross income that exceeds, or may be reasonably anticipated to exceed $1,000 from ownership in real or personal property or a business; (iii) salary, other compensation, fringe benefits, or benefits from the use of property, or a combination thereof, paid or provided by a business that exceeds or may reasonably be expected to exceed $1,000 annually; or (iv) ownership of real or personal property if the interest exceeds $1,000 in value.

"Firm" means any company, partnership, corporation, sole proprietorship, association, or other business entity.

"Guest instructor" means an individual designated by the training program manager or principal instructor to provide instruction specific to the lecture, hands-on activities, or work practice components of a course.

"Hands-on skills assessment" means an evaluation that tests the trainees' ability to satisfactorily perform the work practices and procedures identified in this chapter, as well as any other skills taught in a training course.

"Hazardous waste" means any waste as defined in 40 CFR 261.3.

"HUD" means the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

"Individual" means a single human being, not a firm or other group or organization.

"Initial course" means the course of instruction established by this chapter to prepare an individual for licensure in a single discipline.

"Inspection" means a surface-by-surface investigation to determine the presence of lead-based paint and the provision of a report explaining the results of the investigation.

"Interim controls" means a set of measures designed to temporarily reduce human exposure or likely exposure to lead-based paint hazards, including specialized cleaning, repairs, maintenance, painting, temporary containment, ongoing monitoring of lead-based paint hazards or potential hazards, and the establishment and operation of management and resident education programs.

"Interim license" means the status of an individual who has successfully completed the appropriate training program in a discipline from an accredited lead training provider, as defined by this chapter, and has applied to the board, but has not yet received a formal license in that discipline from the board. Each interim license expires six months after the completion of the training program, and is equivalent to a license for the six-month period.

"Lead-based paint" means paint or other surface coatings that contain lead equal to or in excess of 1.0 milligrams per square centimeter or more than 0.5 percent by weight.

"Lead-based paint activities" means risk assessment, inspection, project design and abatement as defined in this chapter that affects or relates to target housing and child-occupied facilities.

"Lead-based paint hazard" means any condition that causes exposure to lead from lead-contaminated dust, lead-contaminated soil, or lead-contaminated paint that is deteriorated or present in accessible surfaces, friction surfaces, or impact surfaces that would result in adverse human health effects as identified by EPA, pursuant to 15 USC § 2683.

"Lead-hazard screen" means a limited risk assessment activity that involves limited paint and dust sampling as defined in this chapter.

"Licensed lead abatement contractor" or "lead contractor" means a firm that has met the requirements of this chapter, and has been issued a license by the board to perform lead abatements.

"Licensed lead abatement supervisor" or "lead supervisor" means an individual who has met the requirements of this chapter, and has been licensed by the board to supervise and conduct abatements, and to prepare occupant protection plans and abatement reports.

"Licensed lead abatement worker" or "lead worker" means an individual who has met the requirements of this chapter and has been licensed by the board to perform abatements under the supervision of a licensed lead supervisor.

"Licensed lead inspector" or "lead inspector" means an individual who has met the requirements of this chapter, and has been licensed by the board to conduct lead inspections. A licensed inspector may also sample for the presence of lead in dust and soil for the purposes of abatement clearance testing.

"Licensed lead project designer" or "lead project designer" means an individual who has met the requirements of this chapter, and has been licensed by the board to prepare abatement project designs, occupant protection plans, and abatement reports.

"Licensed lead risk assessor" or "lead risk assessor" means an individual who has met the requirements of this chapter, and has been licensed by the board to conduct lead inspections and risk assessments. A licensed risk assessor may also sample for the presence of lead in dust and soil for the purposes of abatement clearance testing.

"Licensee" means any person, as defined by § 54.1-500 of the Code of Virginia, who has been issued and holds a currently valid license as a lead abatement worker, lead abatement supervisor, lead inspector, lead risk assessor, lead project designer, or lead abatement contractor under this chapter.

"Living area" means any area of a residential dwelling used by one or more children age six and under, including, but not limited to, living rooms, kitchen areas, dens, play rooms, and children's bedrooms.

"Multi-family dwelling" means target housing that contains more than one separate residential dwelling unit, in which one or more units is used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, in whole or in part, as the home or residence of one or more persons.

"OSHA" means the United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

"Paint in poor condition" means more than ten square feet of deteriorated paint on exterior components with large surface areas; or more than two square feet of deteriorated paint on interior components with large surface areas (e.g., walls, ceilings, floors, doors); or more than ten percent of the total surface area of the component is deteriorated on the interior or exterior components with small surface area (e.g., window sills, baseboards, soffits, trim).

"Permanently covered soil" means soil that has been separated from human contact by the placement of a barrier consisting of solid, relatively impermeable material, such as pavement or concrete. Grass, mulch and other landscaping materials are not considered permanent covering.

"Person" means any natural or judicial person including any individual, corporation, partnership, or association; any Indian tribe, state or political subdivision thereof; any interstate body; and any department, agency, or instrumentality of the federal government.

"Principal instructor" means the individual who has the primary responsibility for organizing and teaching a particular course.

"Project design" means any descriptive form written as instructions or drafted as a plan describing the construction or set-up of a lead abatement project area and work practices to be utilized during the lead abatement project.

"Recognized laboratory" means any environmental laboratory recognized by the EPA as being capable of performing an analysis for lead compounds in paint, soil, and dust.

"Reduction" means measures designed to reduce or eliminate human exposure to lead-based paint hazards through methods including interim controls and abatement.

"Refresher course" or "refresher training program" means the course of accredited instruction established by this chapter which must be periodically completed as set out in this chapter to maintain an individual's license in a single discipline.

"Residential dwelling" means (i) target housing that is a detached single-family dwelling, including attached structures such as porches and stoops or (ii) target housing that is a single-family dwelling unit in a structure that contains more than one separate residential dwelling unit, which is used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, in whole or in part, as the home or residence of one or more individuals.

"Risk assessment" means (i) an on-site investigation to determine the existence, nature, severity and location of lead-based paint hazards, and (ii) the provision of a report by the individual or the firm conducting the risk assessment, explaining the results of the investigation and options for reducing lead-based hazards.

"Target housing" means any housing constructed prior to 1978, except for housing for the elderly, or persons with disabilities (unless any one or more children age six years or under resides or is expected to reside in such housing for the elderly or persons with disabilities) or any zero-bedroom dwelling.

"Training curriculum" means an established set of course topics for instruction in an accredited lead training program for a particular discipline designed to provide specialized knowledge and skills.

"Training hour" means at least 50 minutes of actual instruction, including, but not limited to, time devoted to lecture, learning activities, small group activities, demonstrations, evaluations, and/or hands-on experience.

"Training manager" means the individual responsible for administering a training program and monitoring the performance of the instructors.

"TSCA" means the federal Toxic Substances Control Act, 15 USC § 2601 et seq.

"Visual inspection for clearance testing" means the visual examination of a residential dwelling or a child-occupied facility following an abatement to determine whether the abatement has been successfully completed.

"Visual inspection for risk assessment" means the visual examination of a residential dwelling or a child-occupied facility to determine the existence of deteriorated lead-based paint or other potential sources of lead-based paint hazards.

Statutory Authority

§ 54.1-501 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 2, eff. November 13, 1996; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 24, eff. October 1, 2003.

18VAC15-30-30. (Repealed.)

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 2, eff. November 13, 1996; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 24, eff. October 1, 2003; repealed, Virginia Register Volume 23, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2006.

18VAC15-30-41. Waiver of the requirements of this chapter.

Except as required by law, the board may, in its reasonable discretion, waive any of the requirements of this chapter when in its judgment it finds that the waiver in no way lessens the protection provided by this chapter and Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia to the public health, safety and welfare. The burden of proof that demonstrates continued public protection rests with the party requesting the waiver. Documents referenced are in effect as they existed as of the date the act or action has occurred.

Statutory Authority

§ 54.1-501 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 24, eff. October 1, 2003.

18VAC15-30-50. (Repealed.)

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 2, eff. November 13, 1996; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 24, eff. October 1, 2003; repealed, Virginia Register Volume 23, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 2006.

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