Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
12/3/2021

Part XII. Plant Operations

2VAC5-510-550. Pasteurization of frozen dessert mix.

Except for flavoring ingredients, the entire mix shall be pasteurized after formulation. Pasteurized mix or frozen desserts shall not be permitted to come in contact with equipment or containers with which unpasteurized mix, frozen desserts, milk or milk products have been in contact, unless such equipment has first been properly washed and subjected to a satisfactory bactericidal treatment. Powdered or dry frozen dessert mixes are not required to be re-pasteurized after being reconstituted with water as described in 2VAC5-510-540 of this chapter.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 12.1, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987.

2VAC5-510-560. Cooling.

After heat treatment or pasteurization, processed fluid milk products including mix (except for sterilized mix in hermetically sealed containers) shall be cooled promptly to 45°F or lower and maintained there until used. Fluid milk products may be held at higher temperatures for a short time immediately prior to freezing when applicable to particular manufacturing or processing practices.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 12.2, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987.

2VAC5-510-570. Storage.

A. Utensils and portable equipment used in processing operations shall be stored above the floor in clean, dry locations, and in self-draining positions on racks constructed of impervious, corrosion-resistant material.

B. Dripped or spilled products or ingredients shall not be sold for human consumption.

C. Dairy products, mix or frozen dessert ingredients in dry storage shall be arranged in aisles, rows, sections, or lots, or in such other manner as to be orderly and easily accessible for inspection, and to permit adequate cleaning of the room. Dunnage or pallets shall be used when appropriate. Dairy products, mix or frozen dessert ingredients shall not be stored with any product that would damage them or impair their quality. Open containers shall be carefully protected from contamination.

D. All products requiring refrigeration, except where otherwise specified, shall be stored under optimum temperatures and humidity to maintain their quality and condition. Products shall not be placed directly on wet floors or be exposed to foreign odors, or to conditions such as dripping or condensation, that might cause package or product damage.

E. Items in supply rooms shall be kept clean and protected, and be arranged to permit inspection of supplies and cleaning and spraying of the room. Insecticides and rodenticides shall be properly labeled, segregated, and stored in a separate room or cabinet away from milk or dairy products or packaging supplies. Caps, parchment papers, wrappers, liners, gaskets, and single service sticks, spoons, covers, and containers for frozen desserts, mix or their ingredients shall be purchased and stored only in sanitary tubes, wrappings, or cartons. These shall be kept in a clean, dry place until used; and shall be handled in a sanitary manner.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 12.3, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987.

2VAC5-510-580. Packaging and labeling.

Frozen desserts and mix shall be packaged in commercially acceptable containers made of packaging material that will protect the quality of the contents in regular channels of trade. Metal containers shall be free from rust, cracks, or unsanitary conditions. Prior to use, closures, covers, wrappers, and containers shall be protected against dust, mold, and other possible contamination. The packaging, cutting, molding, dispensing, and other handling or preparation of mix or frozen desserts and their ingredients shall be done in a sanitary manner.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 12.4, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987.

2VAC5-510-590. Returns.

Mix or frozen desserts in broken, opened or partially full containers may be returned to the plant for inspection after delivery, but shall not be sold or used for making mix or frozen desserts.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 12.5, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987.

2VAC5-510-600. Lubricants.

Lubricants approved for use on milk product contact surfaces that are applied to filling machine pistons, cylinders, pumps, and valves shall be sterile, and shall be applied in a sanitary manner.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-5201 and 3.2-5212 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-05-03 § 12.6, eff. December 11, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 3, Issue 10, eff. March 18, 1987.

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