Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
8/16/2022

Part II. Legal Weight and Size Limits for Virginia

24VAC20-81-40. Interstate system and designated highways.

If the vehicle configuration has been reduced to the smallest dimensions possible and still exceeds any of the following statutory limitations listed below, the applicant may be eligible for a hauling permit.

Single Axle Weight:

20,000 pounds or 650 pounds per inch (width) of tire in contact with the surface of the highway

Tandem Axle Weight:

34,000 pounds

Gross Weight:

See 24VAC20-81-60. Legal weight allowed based on axle spacing

Width:

8 feet 6 inches (excluding mirrors and safety devices)

Height:

13 feet 6 inches

Length:

Semitrailer - 48 feet

Semitrailer - 53 feet, provided that the semitrailer has a distance of not more than 41 feet between the kingpin of the semitrailer and the rearmost axle or a point midway between the rear tandem axles.

Tractor truck semitrailer combinations with 48 or 53 foot semitrailers - no overall length restrictions.

Twin trailers - 28 1/2 feet each

Single unit vehicle - 40 feet excluding load

Tractor trucks shall not have more than one semitrailer attached.

Trucks shall not have more than one trailer attached.

Three motor vehicles shall be drawn only if coupled together by a saddle mount device.

Statutory Authority

§ 46.2-203 and Article 18 (§ 46.2-1139 et seq.) of Chapter 10 of Title 46.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 26, eff. September 30, 2009.

24VAC20-81-50. Primary and secondary systems.

If the vehicle configuration has been reduced to the smallest dimensions possible and still exceeds any of the following statutory limitations listed below, the applicant may be eligible for a hauling permit.

Single Axle Weight:

20,000 pounds or 650 pounds per inch (width) of tire in contact with the surface of the highway.

Tandem Axle Weight:

34,000 pounds.

Gross Weight:

See 24VAC20-81-60. Legal weight allowed based on axle spacing.

Width:

8 feet 6 inches excluding mirrors. Safety devices shall not exceed 3 inches on each side.

Height:

13 feet 6 inches.

Length:

Single unit - 40 feet excluding load.

Tractor semitrailer combination - 65 feet including load

Combination of a towing vehicle and any manufactured housing - 65 feet including load and coupling.

Semitrailer - 53 feet, provided that the semitrailer has a distance of not more than 41 feet between the kingpin of the semitrailer and the rearmost axle or a point midway between the rear tandem axles. May be prohibited on certain highways where posted.

Statutory Authority

§ 46.2-203 and Article 18 (§ 46.2-1139 et seq.) of Chapter 10 of Title 46.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 26, eff. September 30, 2009.

24VAC20-81-60. Legal weight allowed based on axle spacing.

Legal weight in pounds for any group of two or more consecutive axles. A hauling permit is required when a vehicle configuration exceeds the weight limitations according to axle spacing. "L" is defined as the distance in feet between any group of two or more consecutive axles, when measured longitudinally, from the center of the axle to the center of the axle, with any fraction of a foot rounded to the next highest foot as set forth in the following table:

L

2 axles

3 axles

4 axles

5 axles

6 axles

7 or more axles

4

34,000

5

34,000

6

34,000

7

34,000

8

34,000

34,000

9

39,000

42,500

10

40,000

43,500

11

44,000

12

45,000

50,000

13

45,000

50,500

14

46,500

51,500

15

47,000

52,000

16

48,000

52,500

58,000

17

48,500

53,500

58,500

18

49,500

54,000

59,000

19

50,000

54,500

60,000

20

51,000

55,500

60,500

66,000

21

51,500

56,000

61,000

66,500

22

52,500

56,500

61,500

67,000

23

53,000

57,500

62,500

68,000

24

54,000

58,000

63,000

68,500

74,000

25

54,500

58,500

63,500

69,000

74,500

26

55,500

59,500

64,000

69,500

75,000

27

56,000

60,000

65,000

70,000

75,500

28

57,000

60,500

65,500

71,000

76,500

29

57,500

61,500

66,000

71,500

77,000

30

58,500

62,000

66,500

72,000

77,500

31

59,000

62,500

67,500

72,500

78,000

32

60,000

63,500

68,000

73,000

78,500

33

64,000

68,500

74,000

79,000

34

64,500

69,000

74,500

80,000

35

65,500

70,000

75,000

36

66,000

70,500

75,500

37

66,500

71,000

76,000

38

67,500

72,000

77,000

39

68,000

72,500

77,500

40

68,500

73,000

78,000

41

69,500

73,500

78,500

42

70,000

74,000

79,000

43

70,500

75,000

80,000

44

71,500

75,500

45

72,000

76,000

46

72,500

76,500

47

73,500

77,500

48

74,000

78,000

49

74,500

78,500

50

75,500

79,000

51

76,000

80,000

Statutory Authority

§ 46.2-203 and Article 18 (§ 46.2-1139 et seq.) of Chapter 10 of Title 46.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 26, eff. September 30, 2009.

24VAC20-81-70. Maximum single axle and tandem axle weight allowed without an engineering review.

Maximum weight in pounds according to vehicle axle spacings allowed by permit without an engineering review from the Virginia Department of Transportation's Structures and Bridges Division for any single axle or tandem axle group.

Single Axle Weight:

24,000 pounds (or 850 pounds per inch, width of tire measured in contact with the surface of the road).

Tandem Axle Weight:

44,000 pounds.

Statutory Authority

§ 46.2-203 and Article 18 (§ 46.2-1139 et seq.) of Chapter 10 of Title 46.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 26, eff. September 30, 2009.

24VAC20-81-80. Maximum weight allowed by permit without an engineering review based on axle spacing.

Maximum weight in pounds according to vehicle axle spacings allowed by permit without an engineering review from the Virginia Department of Transportation's Structures and Bridges Division for any group of two or more consecutive axles.

All vehicle configurations shall be reduced to the smallest dimensions possible and those exceeding the specifications identified in this chart will require an engineering review before a permit can be issued.

"L" is defined as the distance in feet between any group of two or more consecutive axles, when measured longitudinally, from the center of the axle to the center of the axle, with any fraction of a foot rounded to the next highest foot as set forth in the following table:

L

2 axles

3 axles

4 axles

5 axles

6 axles

7 or more axles

4

44,000

5

44,000

6

44,000

7

44,000

8

48,000

53,500

9

54,500

10

55,000

11

56,000

12

56,500

63,000

13

57,500

63,500

14

58,000

64,500

15

59,000

65,000

16

59,500

65,500

72,500

17

60,500

66,500

73,000

18

61,000

67,000

74,000

19

62,000

67,500

74,500

20

62,500

68,500

75,000

82,000

21

63,500

69,000

75,500

82,500

22

64,000

69,500

76,500

83,000

23

65,000

70,500

77,000

84,000

24

65,500

71,000

77,500

84,500

91,500

25

66,500

71,500

78,000

85,000

92,000

26

67,000

72,500

79,000

85,500

92,500

27

68,000

73,000

79,500

86,000

93,000

28

68,500

73,500

80,000

87,000

94,000

29

69,500

74,500

80,500

87,500

94,500

30

70,000

75,000

81,500

88,000

95,000

31

71,000

75,500

82,000

88,500

95,500

32

71,500

76,500

82,500

89,000

96,000

33

77,000

83,000

90,000

97,000

34

77,500

84,000

90,500

97,500

35

78,500

84,500

91,000

98,000

36

79,000

85,000

91,500

98,500

37

79,500

85,500

92,000

99,000

38

80,500

86,500

93,000

99,500

39

81,000

87,000

93,500

100,500

40

81,500

87,500

94,000

101,000

41

82,500

88,000

94,500

101,500

42

83,000

89,000

95,000

102,000

43

83,500

89,500

96,000

102,500

44

84,500

90,000

96,500

103,000

45

85,000

90,500

97,000

104,000

46

85,500

91,500

97,500

104,500

47

86,500

92,000

98,000

105,000

48

87,000

92,500

99,000

105,500

49

87,500

93,000

99,500

106,000

50

88,500

94,000

100,000

106,500

51

89,000

94,500

100,500

107,500

52

89,500

95,000

101,000

108,000

53

90,500

95,500

102,000

108,500

54

91,000

96,500

102,500

109,000

55

91,500

97,000

103,000

109,500

56

92,500

97,500

104,000

110,000

57

93,000

98,000

104,500

111,000

58

94,000

99,000

105,000

111,500

59

94,500

99,500

105,500

112,000

60

95,000

100,000

106,000

112,500

61

96,000

101,000

106,500

113,000

62

101,500

107,000

113,500

63

102,000

108,000

114,500

64

102,500

108,500

115,000

Statutory Authority

§ 46.2-203 and Article 18 (§ 46.2-1139 et seq.) of Chapter 10 of Title 46.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 26, eff. September 30, 2009.

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