Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
12/4/2022

Article 3. Employee Orientation and Training

6VAC35-41-190. Required initial orientation.

A. Before the expiration of the employee's seventh work day at the facility, each employee shall be provided with a basic orientation on the following:

1. The facility;

2. The population served;

3. The basic objectives of the program;

4. The facility's organizational structure;

5. Security, population control, emergency preparedness, and evacuation procedures in accordance with 6VAC35-41-490 (emergency and evacuation procedures);

6. The practices of confidentiality;

7. The residents' rights; and

8. The basic requirements of and competencies necessary to perform in the positions.

B. Prior to working with residents while not under the direct supervision of staff who have completed all applicable orientations and training, each direct care staff shall receive a basic orientation on the following:

1. The facility's program philosophy and services;

2. The facility's behavior management program;

3. The facility's behavior intervention procedures and techniques, including the use of least restrictive interventions and physical restraint;

4. The residents' rules of conduct and responsibilities;

5. The residents' disciplinary and grievance procedures;

6. Child abuse and neglect and mandatory reporting;

7. Standard precautions; and

8. Documentation requirements as applicable to the position's duties.

C. Volunteers shall be oriented in accordance with 6VAC35-41-300 (orientation and training for volunteers or interns).

Statutory Authority

§§ 16.1-309.9, 66-10, and 66-24 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 29, Issue 25, eff. January 1, 2014.

6VAC35-41-200. Required initial training.

A. Each full-time and part-time employee and relief staff shall complete initial, comprehensive training that is specific to the individual's occupational class, is based on the needs of the population served, and ensures that the individual has the competencies to perform in the position.

1. Direct care staff shall receive at least 40 hours of training, inclusive of all training required by this section, in their first year of employment.

2. Contractors shall receive training required to perform their position responsibilities in a juvenile residential facility.

B. Within 30 days following the employee's start date at the facility or before the employee is responsible for the direct supervision of a resident, all direct care staff and staff who provide direct supervision of the residents while delivering services, with the exception of workers employed by contract to provide behavioral health or health care services, shall complete training in the following areas:

1. Emergency preparedness and response;

2. First aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, unless the individual is currently certified, with certification required as applicable to their duties;

3. The facility's behavior management program;

4. The residents' rules of conduct and the rationale for the rules;

5. The facility's behavior intervention procedures, with physical and mechanical restraint training required as applicable to their duties;

6. Child abuse and neglect;

7. Mandatory reporting;

8. Maintaining appropriate professional relationships;

9. Interaction among staff and residents;

10. Suicide prevention;

11. Residents' rights, including but not limited to the prohibited actions provided for in 6VAC35-41-560 (prohibited actions);

12. Standard precautions; and

13. Procedures applicable to the employees' position and consistent with their work profiles.

C. Employees who administer medication shall have, prior to such administration, successfully completed a medication training program approved by the Board of Nursing or be licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medication.

D. Training shall be required by and provided as appropriate to the individual's job duties and in accordance with the provider's training plan.

E. When an individual is employed by contract to provide services for which licensure by a professional organization is required, documentation of current licensure shall constitute compliance with this section.

F. Volunteers and interns shall be trained in accordance 6VAC35-41-300 (orientation and training for volunteers or interns).

Statutory Authority

§§ 16.1-309.9, 66-10, and 66-24 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 29, Issue 25, eff. January 1, 2014.

6VAC35-41-210. Required retraining.

A. Each employee, relief staff, and contractor shall complete retraining that is specific to the individual's occupational class and the position's job description and addresses any professional development needs.

B. All staff shall complete an annual training refresher on the facility's emergency preparedness and response plan and procedures.

C. All direct care staff and staff who provide direct supervision of the residents while delivering services, with the exception of workers who are employed by contract to provide behavioral health or health care services, shall complete at least 40 hours of training annually that shall include training in the following areas:

1. Suicide prevention;

2. Child abuse and neglect;

3. Mandatory reporting;

4. Residents' rights, including but not limited to the prohibited actions provided for in 6VAC35-41-560 (prohibited actions);

5. Standard precautions; and

6. Behavior intervention procedures.

D. Staff required by their position to have certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first aid shall receive training sufficient to maintain current certifications.

E. Employees who administer medication shall complete an annual refresher training on the administration of medication.

F. Retraining shall (i) be required by and provided as appropriate to the individual's job duties, (ii) address any needs identified by the individual and the supervisor, if applicable, and (iii) be in accordance with the provider's training plan.

G. When an individual is employed by contract to provide services for which licensure by a professional organization is required, documentation of current licensure shall constitute compliance with this section.

H. Staff who have not timely completed required retraining shall not be allowed to have direct care responsibilities pending completion of the retraining requirements.

Statutory Authority

§§ 16.1-309.9, 66-10, and 66-24 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 29, Issue 25, eff. January 1, 2014.

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