Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
10/5/2022

Part IX. Special Requirements for Alternative Treatment

Article 8
Radioactive Materials

9VAC20-120-630. Application.

The requirements of this part apply to all alternative treatment methods that treat regulated medical waste.

Statutory Authority

Chapter 14 (§ 10.1-1400 et seq.) of Title 10.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR672-40-01:1 § 9.1, eff. June 29, 1994.

9VAC20-120-640. Performance standards.

All alternative treatment facilities for regulated medical waste shall maintain the following level of operational performance at all times:

1. Operational controls and records. The following requirements apply to all alternative treatment facilities.

a. Except as provided in 9VAC20-120-550, 9VAC20-120-600 E or 9VAC20-120-650 D, regulated medical waste shall be ground or shredded into particles that are no larger than an approximate size of 0.75 inches in any dimension. If size reduction takes place prior to treatment, it shall occur in a closed unit immediately preceding or following the treatment unit. Size reduction following treatment must occur within 24 hours of leaving the treatment unit. Transfer from a grinder or shredder to or from a treatment unit shall be under forced draft ventilation that removes fumes from the operations area to a safe discharge.

b. Alternative treatment units shall be evaluated under full loading for effectiveness with spores of B. stearothermophilus or B. subtilis no less than once per month (See 9VAC20-120-910 B).

c. A log shall be kept at each alternative treatment unit that is complete for the preceding three year period. The log shall record the date, time and operator; the type and approximate amount of solid waste treated; and the dates and results of calibration and testing. Where multiple alternative treatment units are used, a working log can be maintained at each unit and such logs periodically consolidated at a central location. The consolidated logs and all performance parameter recordings shall be retained for three years and be available for review.

d. Except as described in 9VAC20-120-300 C and subdivision 1 a of this section, regulated medical waste shall not be compacted or subjected to violent mechanical stress before treatment. After it is fully treated it may be compacted in a closed container in a safe and sanitary manner.

e. All process units for the preparation or treatment of regulated medical waste shall be in closed vessels under a negative pressure atmospheric control that filters all vents, discharges, and fugitive emissions of air from the process units through a high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter with efficiency of 99.97% for 0.3 microns.

2. Special requirements by type of treatment. Facilities shall comply with the following treatment requirements for the specific technology employed. Each treatment unit shall be preceded by grinding or shredding in accordance with subdivision 1 a of this section.

a. Dry heat treatment.

(1) Any treatment unit employing dry heat as the main treatment process shall subject all the regulated medical waste to:

(a) A temperature of no less than 480°F for no less than 30 minutes;

(b) A temperature of no less than 390°F for no less than 38 minutes; or

(c) A temperature of no less than 355°F for no less than 60 minutes.

(2) No treatment unit employing dry heat as the main treatment process shall have a treatment chamber capacity greater than 1.0 cubic feet in volume.

(3) Each treatment unit shall be equipped to sense, display and continuously record the temperature of the treatment chamber.

b. Microwave treatment.

(1) Microwaving treatment shall incorporate pretreatment by shredding and steam injection or induction.

(2) Any treatment unit employing microwave radiation as the main treatment process shall subject all the solid waste to a temperature of no less than 203°F for no less than 25 minutes.

(3) Microwave radiation power of the treatment process shall be at least six units each having a power of 1,200 watts or the equivalent power output.

(4) Each microwave treatment unit shall be equipped to sense, display and continuously record the temperature at the start, middle and end of the treatment chamber.

(5) Process temperatures at the exposure chamber entry and exit and the waste flow rate shall be continuously monitored, displayed, and recorded.

c. Chlorination.

(1) Any treatment unit employing chlorination as the main treatment process shall subject all the solid waste to a solution whose initial free residual chlorine concentration is not less than 3,000 milligrams per liter for no less than 25 minutes.

(2) The free chlorine residual of the solid waste slurry after treatment shall be maintained at 200 milligrams per liter. The treated solid waste stream shall be equipped to continuously analyze, display, and record free chlorine residual concentration. Interval sampling every two minutes or less may be substituted for continuous analysis.

d. Other alternative treatment technologies. All alternative treatment technologies approved by the director shall conform to the requirements of this part and any additional requirements the director shall impose at the time of approval.

(1) Any person who desires to use a treatment technology other than those described in subdivisions 2 a, 2 b, and 2 c of this section, or Part VII (9VAC20-120-520 et seq.) or Part VIII (9VAC20-120-580 et seq.) of this chapter shall petition the director for a review under 9VAC20-120-860 and 9VAC20-120-870.

(2) If the director finds that the technology and application is in accord with Article 3 (9VAC20-120-900 et seq.) of Part XI of this chapter, he may consider the facility for permitting.

(3) The director may issue a public notice that an applicant has demonstrated compliance of a process with 9VAC20-120-910 through 9VAC20-120-950 and consider 9VAC20-120-960 in a separate review.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1402 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR672-40-01:1 § 9.2, eff. June 29, 1994; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 18, eff. June 19, 2002.

9VAC20-120-650. Disposal of treated wastes.

A. Regulated medical waste that has been treated by an alternate treatment technique and managed in compliance with this chapter is no longer regulated medical waste and is solid waste. Treated solid waste may be compacted.

B. All regulated medical waste that has been treated shall be placed in opaque plastic bags and sealed. The bags may not be red in color. Where bulk treatment is used and the solid waste is compacted and immediately placed in closed bulk solid waste management containers, which are more than 64 gallons in volume, the repackaging of the treated solid waste in bags is not required.

C. Regulated medical waste treated in compliance with Part VII, Part VIII or Part IX shall be deemed to be treated in accordance with this chapter. Regulated medical waste not treated in accordance with this chapter shall not be transported, received for transport or disposal, or disposed of in any solid waste management facility.

D. Small scale processes providing treatment of no more than five pounds per day (monthly average) of regulated medical waste in accordance with this part are not required to shred or grind the waste. Small scale facilities that do not grind or shred the waste must seal the treated waste in an orange plastic bag and securely attach a tag or label with the following message in indelible ink and legible print of a 21-point or greater typeface:

"The generator certifies that this waste has been treated in accordance with the Virginia Regulated Medical Waste Management Regulations and is no longer regulated medical waste.

Treated: (include date treatment performed)

Generator: (include name, address and telephone number of generator)."

Statutory Authority

Chapter 14 (§ 10.1-1400 et seq.) of Title 10.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR672-40-01:1 § 9.3, eff. June 29, 1994.

9VAC20-120-660. Compliance with other parts of this chapter.

In general, alternative treatment facilities shall comply with all other parts of this chapter. The site of the treatment facility is a storage facility and must comply with Part V of this chapter. Management of spills or the opening in an emergency of any regulated medical waste package, shall comply with 9VAC20-120-270 and 9VAC20-120-280 of this chapter.

Statutory Authority

Chapter 14 (§ 10.1-1400 et seq.) of Title 10.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR672-40-01:1 § 9.4, eff. June 29, 1994.

9VAC20-120-670. [Reserved].

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 10, Issue 18, eff. June 29, 1994.

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