Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 13.1. Corporations
Chapter 3. Cooperative Associations

§ 13.1-329. Marketing contracts; enforcement; inducing breach; spreading false reports.

(a) An association and its members may make and execute marketing contracts, requiring the members to sell, for any period of time, not over ten years, all or any specified part of their agricultural products or specified commodities exclusively to or through the association or any facilities to be created by the association. The contract may provide that the association may sell or resell the products delivered by its members, with or without taking title thereto, and pay over to its members the resale price, after deducting all necessary selling overhead, and other costs and expenses, including (a) interest or dividends on its preferred stock, not exceeding eight per centum per annum, (b) reserves for retiring the stock, if any, (c) other proper reserves, and (d) interest or dividends not exceeding eight per centum per annum upon common stock.

(b) The bylaws and the marketing contract may fix, as liquidated damages, specific sums to be paid by the member or stockholder to the association upon the breach by him of any provision of the marketing contract regarding the sale or delivery or withholding of products; and may further provide that the member will pay all costs, premium for bonds, expenses and fees in case any action is brought upon the contract by the association; and any such provision shall be valid and enforceable in the courts of this Commonwealth.

(c) In the event of any such breach or threatened breach of such marketing contract by a member, the association shall be entitled to an injunction to prevent further breach of the contract, and to a decree of specific performance thereof. Pending the adjudication of such an action, and upon filing a verified complaint showing the breach or threatened breach, and upon filing a sufficient bond, the association shall be entitled to a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction against the member.

(d) Any person who knowingly induces any member or stockholder of an association or corporation organized hereunder to breach his marketing contract with the association or corporation shall be liable to the association or corporation for the full amount of damages sustained by it by reason of such breach; and any person who maliciously and knowingly spreads false reports about the finances or management of any such association or corporation shall be liable to the association or corporation aggrieved in a civil suit for the actual damage which it may sustain by reason of such false reports, and also in the penal sum of $500 for each such act, which may be recovered in the same action.

(e) Any person, firm or corporation conducting a public tobacco warehouse within this Commonwealth who knowingly solicits or permits any member of any association organized hereunder to breach his marketing contract with the association by selling, offering for sale, or displaying for sale or for auction such member's products contrary to the terms of any marketing agreement of which such person or any member of such firm or any active officer or manager of such corporation has knowledge or notice, shall be liable to the association aggrieved in a civil suit in the penal sum of not less than $100 nor more than $500 for each such offense; and such association shall be entitled to an injunction against such person, firm or corporation, to prevent further breaches and a multiplicity of actions thereon. In addition, such person, firm or corporation shall pay to the association a reasonable attorney's fee and all costs involved in any such litigation or proceedings at law. Provided, however, that no such action or suit by such an association shall lie unless there has been first served upon such person, firm or corporation after such tobacco has been delivered to the warehouse, and prior to the sale thereof, a notice, in writing, stating that the products of a member of such association are about to be sold, offered for sale or displayed for sale. Such notice may be served by any peace officer or any other person, and the affidavit of the person serving the same shall be prima facie evidence of such service. It shall be the duty of any police officer, sheriff, deputy sheriff, constable or deputy constable of this Commonwealth to serve such notice upon request of any authorized representative of the association, and upon the payment of a fee of fifty cents for each such service.

Code 1950, §§ 13-278, 13-279; 1956, c. 428.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.