Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 2.2. Administration of Government
Chapter 6. General Provisions
5/26/2019

§ 2.2-614.2. Participation in the REAL ID Act of 2005.

A. For purposes of this section, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section except in those instances where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:

"Biometric data" means information relating to a biological characteristic of an individual that makes that individual unique from any other individual, including, but not limited to, the following:

1. Fingerprints, palm prints, and other means for measuring or recording ridge pattern or fingertip characteristics;

2. Facial feature pattern characteristics;

3. Behavior characteristics of a handwritten signature, such as shape, speed, pressure, pen angle, or sequence;

4. Voice data used for comparing live speech with a previously created speech model of an individual's voice;

5. Iris recognition data containing color or texture patterns or codes;

6. Keystroke dynamics, measuring pressure applied to key pads;

7. Hand geometry, measuring hand characteristics, including the shape and length of fingers, in three dimensions;

8. Retinal scans, reading through the pupil to measure blood vessels lining the retina; and

9. Deoxyribonucleic acid or ribonucleic acid.

"Biometric samples" means anything used as a source to develop, create, or extract biometric data.

"Economic privacy" means the privacy of an individual that relates to a right, privilege, or reasonable expectation that certain information is required by law to be held confidential or is otherwise considered to be confidential to that individual, including, but not limited to:

1. Information included in a tax return required by law to be filed with the federal, state, or local government;

2. Information on financial transactions conducted by or on behalf of the individual; and

3. Information on investment transactions conducted by or on behalf of the individual.

"REAL ID Act of 2005" means Division B of the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief, 2005 (P.L. 109-13, 119 Stat. 302).

B. With the exception of identification cards issued to employees of the Department of State Police and any other law-enforcement officer employed by any agency of the Commonwealth, neither the Governor nor the Department of Motor Vehicles nor any other agency of the Commonwealth shall comply with any provision of the REAL ID Act of 2005 that they determine would compromise the economic privacy, biometric data, or biometric samples of any resident of the Commonwealth.

2009, cc. 733, 769.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.