Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 64.2. Wills, Trusts, and Fiduciaries
Chapter 10.1. Uniform Fiduciary Income and Principal Act
2/3/2023

§ 64.2-1040. Application; duties and remedies.

A. Except as otherwise provided in subsection B, this article applies to:

1. An income trust, unless the terms of the trust expressly prohibit use of this article by a specific reference to this article or an explicit expression of intent that net income not be calculated as a unitrust amount; and

2. An express unitrust, except to the extent the terms of the trust explicitly:

a. Prohibit use of this article by a specific reference to this article;

b. Prohibit conversion to an income trust; or

c. Limit changes to the method of calculating the unitrust amount.

B. This article does not apply to a trust described in § 170(f)(2)(B), 642(c)(5), 664(d), 2702(a)(3)(A)(ii) or (iii), or 2702(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

C. An income trust to which this article applies under subdivision A 1 may be converted to a unitrust under this article regardless of the terms of the trust concerning distributions. Conversion to a unitrust under this article does not affect other terms of the trust concerning distributions of income or principal.

D. This article applies to an estate only to the extent a trust is a beneficiary of the estate. To the extent of the trust's interest in the estate, the estate may be administered as a unitrust, the administration of the estate as a unitrust may be discontinued, or the percentage or method used to calculate the unitrust amount may be changed, in the same manner as for a trust under this article.

E. This article does not create a duty to take or consider action under this article or to inform a beneficiary about the applicability of this article.

F A fiduciary that in good faith takes or fails to take an action under this article is not liable to a person affected by the action or inaction.

2022, c. 354.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.