Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 64.2. Wills, Trusts, and Fiduciaries
Chapter 20. Guardianship and Conservatorship
7/22/2024

§ 64.2-2019.1. Procedures to restrict communication, visitation, or interaction.

A. A guardian may restrict the ability of a person with whom the incapacitated person has an established relationship to communicate with, visit, or interact with such incapacitated person only when such restriction is reasonable to prevent physical, mental, or emotional harm to or financial exploitation of such incapacitated person and after consideration of the expressed wishes of such incapacitated person. Any such restriction may include (i) limitations on time, duration, location, or method of visits or communication, (ii) supervised visitation, or (iii) prohibition of in-person visitation, and shall be the least restrictive means possible to prevent any such harm or exploitation.

B. The guardian shall provide written notice to the restricted person, on a form developed by the Office of the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court of Virginia, stating (i) the nature and terms of the restriction, (ii) the reasons why the guardian believes the restriction is necessary, and (iii) how the restricted person or incapacitated person may challenge such restriction in court pursuant to § 64.2-2012. The guardian shall also inform the incapacitated person of such restriction and provide a copy of such written notice to the incapacitated person, unless the guardian has a good faith belief that such information would be detrimental to the health or safety of such incapacitated person. The guardian shall provide a copy of such written notice to the local department of social services of the jurisdiction where the incapacitated person resides and shall file a copy of such written notice with the circuit court that appointed the guardian. If the incapacitated person is in a hospital, convalescent home, or certified nursing facility licensed by the Department of Health pursuant to § 32.1-123, an assisted living facility as defined in § 63.2-100, or any other similar institution, the guardian shall also inform such hospital, home, facility, or institution of such restriction.

C. If the court finds that a restriction is reasonable to prevent harm to or financial exploitation of such incapacitated person, the court may continue or modify such restriction in its discretion.

D. If the court does not find that a restriction is reasonable to prevent harm to or financial exploitation of such incapacitated person, the court may issue an order terminating, continuing, or modifying any restriction the guardian imposed on the person challenging such restriction.

E. If the court finds that a guardian imposed a restriction in bad faith, primarily for the purposes of harassment, or that was clearly frivolous or vexatious, the court may require the guardian to pay or reimburse, from the guardian's personal funds, all or some of the costs and fees, including attorney fees, incurred by the restricted person in connection with such motion.

F. If the court finds that the claim of a restricted person who filed a motion pursuant to this section was made in bad faith, was brought primarily for the purposes of harassment, or was clearly frivolous or vexatious, the court may require such restricted person to pay or reimburse the guardian all or some of the costs and fees, including attorney fees, incurred by the guardian in connection with such claim.

G. Any court order issued pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be provided to the local department of social services of the jurisdiction where the incapacitated person resides.

2023, c. 460.

The chapters of the acts of assembly referenced in the historical citation at the end of this section may not constitute a comprehensive list of such chapters and may exclude chapters whose provisions have expired.