Code of Virginia

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Code of Virginia
Title 8.1A. Uniform Commercial Code — General Provisions
Subtitle .
Part 1. General Provisions.

Part 1. General Provisions..

§ 8.1A-101. Short titles.

(a) Titles 8.1A through 8.9A may be cited as the Uniform Commercial Code.

(b) This title may be cited as Uniform Commercial Code -- General Provisions.

1964, c. 219, § 8.1-101; 2003, c. 353.

§ 8.1A-102. Scope of title.

This title applies to a transaction to the extent that it is governed by another title of the Uniform Commercial Code.

2003, c. 353.

§ 8.1A-103. Construction of Uniform Commercial Code to promote its purposes and policies; applicability of supplemental principles of law.

(a) The Uniform Commercial Code shall be liberally construed and applied to promote its underlying purposes and policies, which are:

(1) to simplify, clarify, and modernize the law governing commercial transactions;

(2) to permit the continued expansion of commercial practices through custom, usage, and agreement of the parties; and

(3) to make uniform the law among the various jurisdictions.

(b) Unless displaced by the particular provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, the principles of law and equity, including the law merchant and the law relative to capacity to contract, principal and agent, estoppel, fraud, misrepresentation, duress, coercion, mistake, bankruptcy, and other validating or invalidating cause supplement its provisions.

Code 1950, §§ 6-549, 13-183, 13.1-418, 61-2; 1956, c. 428; 1964, c. 219, §§ 8.1-102, 8.1-103; 2003, c. 353.

§ 8.1A-104. Construction against implied repeal.

The Uniform Commercial Code being a general act intended as a unified coverage of its subject matter, no part of it shall be deemed to be impliedly repealed by subsequent legislation if such construction can reasonably be avoided.

1964, c. 219, § 8.1-104; 2003, c. 353.

§ 8.1A-105. Repealed.

Repealed by Acts 2015, c. 709, cl. 2.

§ 8.1A-106. Use of singular and plural; gender.

In the Uniform Commercial Code, unless the statutory context otherwise requires:

(1) words in the singular number include the plural, and those in the plural include the singular; and

(2) words of any gender also refer to any other gender.

1964, c. 219, § 8.1-102; 2003, c. 353.

§ 8.1A-107. Section captions.

Section captions are part of the Uniform Commercial Code.

1964, c. 219, § 8.1-109; 2003, c. 353.

§ 8.1A-108. Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act.

This title modifies, limits, and supersedes the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. § 7001 et seq., except that nothing in this title modifies, limits, or supersedes § 7001(c) of that Act or authorizes electronic delivery of any of the notices described in § 7003(b) of that Act.

2003, c. 353.