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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 11. Gaming
Agency 10. Virginia Racing Commission
Chapter 20. Regulations Pertaining to Horse Racing with Pari-Mutuel Wagering
11/30/2020

11VAC10-20-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meaning, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Act" means Chapter 29 (§ 59.1-364 et seq.) of Title 59.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Breakage" means the odd cents by which the amount payable on each dollar wagered exceeds a multiple of $ .10.

"Carryover" means the nondistributed pool moneys which are retained and added to a corresponding pool in accordance with this chapter.

"Commission" means the Virginia Racing Commission.

"Enclosure" means all areas of the property of a track to which admission can be obtained only by payment of an admission fee or upon presentation of authorized credentials, and any additional areas designated by the commission.

"Entry" means two or more horses in a race that are treated as a single wagering interest for pari-mutuel wagering purposes.

"Expired ticket" means an outstanding ticket which was not presented for redemption within the required time period for which it was issued.

"Handle" means the total amount of all pari-mutuel wagering sales excluding refunds and cancellations.

"Horse owner" means a person owning an interest in a horse.

"Horse racing" means a competition on a set course involving a race among horses on which pari-mutuel wagering is permitted.

"Licensee" includes any person holding an owner's or operator's license, or any other license issued by the commission.

"Limited license" means a license issued by the commission allowing the holder to conduct a race meeting or meetings, with pari-mutuel wagering privileges, for a period not exceeding 14 days in any calendar year.

"Member" includes any person designated a member of a nonstock corporation, and any person who by means of a pecuniary or other interest in such corporation exercises the power of a member.

"Minus pool" means that the payout is in excess of the net pool.

"Mutuel field" means two or more horses are treated as a single wagering interest because the number of wagering interests exceeds the number that can be handled individually by the totalizator.

"Net pool" means the amount of gross pari-mutuel ticket sales less refundable wagers and retainage.

"Official order of finish" means the order of finish of the horses in a contest as declared official by the stewards.

"Off time" means the moment at which the starter dispatches the field.

"Operator's license" means a license issued by the commission allowing the holder to conduct a horse race meeting with pari-mutuel wagering privileges.

"Outstanding ticket" means a winning or refundable pari-mutuel ticket which was not cashed during the program for which it was issued.

"Owner's license" means a license issued by the commission allowing the holder to construct a horse racing facility for the purpose of conducting a race meeting with pari-mutuel wagering privileges.

"Pari-mutuel wagering" means the system of wagering on horse racing in which those who wager on horses that finish in the position or positions for which wagers are taken share in the total amounts wagered, less deductions required or permitted by law.

"Permit holder" includes any person holding a permit to participate in horse racing subject to the jurisdiction of the commission or in the conduct of a race meeting where pari-mutuel wagering is offered thereon as provided in the Act.

"Person" includes a natural person, partnership, joint venture, association or corporation.

"Pool" means the amount wagered during a race meeting in straight wagering, in multiple wagering, or during a specified period thereof.

"Principal stockholder" means any person who individually or in concert with his spouse and immediate family members, owns or controls, directly or indirectly, 5.0% or more of the stock of any person who is a licensee, or who in concert with his spouse and immediate family members has the power to vote or cause the vote of 5.0% or more of any such stock.

"Profit" means the net pool after the deduction of the amount wagered on the winners.

"Profit split" means a division of profit among the separate wagering interests or winning combinations resulting in two or more payout prices.

"Program" means a schedule of races run consecutively at a racetrack or simulcast to a satellite facility.

"Race meeting" means the whole consecutive period of time during which horse racing with pari-mutuel wagering is conducted by a licensee.

"Recognized majority horsemen's group" means the organization recognized by the commission as the representative of the majority of owners and trainers racing at race meetings subject to the commission's jurisdiction.

"Retainage" means the total amount deducted, from the pari-mutuel wagering pool in the percentages designated by statute for the Commonwealth of Virginia, purse money for the participants, Virginia Breeders Fund, and the operators.

"Single price pool" means an equal distribution of profit to winning wagering interests or winning wagering combinations through a single payout price.

"Stock" includes all classes of stock of an applicant or licensee corporation, and any debt or other obligation of such corporation or stockholder thereof or stock of any affiliated corporation if the commission finds that the holder of such obligation or stock derives therefrom such control of or voice in the operation of the applicant or licensee corporation that he should be deemed a stockholder.

"Totalizator" means an electronic data processing system for registering wagers placed on the outcomes of horse racing, deducting the retainage, calculating the mutuel pools and returns to ticket holders, and displaying approximate odds and payouts, including machines utilized in the sale and cashing of wagers.

"Unlimited license" means a license issued by the commission allowing the holder to conduct a race meeting or meetings, with pari-mutuel wagering privileges, for periods of 15 days or more in any calendar year.

"Virginia Breeders Fund" means the fund established to foster the industry of breeding racehorses in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

"Wagering interest" means one or more horses in a race which are identified by a single program number for wagering purposes.

Statutory Authority

§ 59.1-369 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR662-01-02 § 1.1, Volume 06, Issue 10, eff. March 14, 1990; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 01, eff. October 29, 1997; Volume 31, Issue 25, eff. September 9, 2015.

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