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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 60. Standards Established and Methods Used to Assure High Quality Care
7/9/2020

12VAC30-60-170. Utilization Review of Treatment Foster Care (Tfc) Case Management Services.

A. Service description and provider qualifications. TFC case management is a community-based program where treatment services are designed to address the special needs of children. TFC case management focuses on a continuity of services, is goal directed and results oriented. Services shall not include room and board. Child-placing agencies licensed or certified by the Virginia Department of Social Services and that meet the provider qualifications for treatment foster care set forth in Part XV (12VAC30-130-900 et seq.) of this chapter shall provide these services.

B. Utilization control.

1. Assessment. Each child referred for TFC case management must be assessed by a Family Assessment and Planning Team (FAPT) under the Comprehensive Services Act or by an interdisciplinary team approved by the State Executive Council. For purposes of high quality case management services, the team must (i) assess the child's immediate and long-range therapeutic needs, developmental priorities, and personal strengths and liabilities; (ii) assess the potential for reunification of the child's family; (iii) set treatment objectives; and (iv) prescribe therapeutic modalities to achieve the plan's objectives.

2. Qualified assessors. A qualified assessor is a Family Assessment and Planning Team as authorized under §§ 2.2-5207, 2.2-5208, and 2.2-5209 of the Code of Virginia.

3. Preauthorization. Preauthorization shall be required for Medicaid payment of TFC case management services for each admission to this service and will be conducted by DMAS or its utilization management contractor. When service is authorized, an initial length of stay will be assigned. The provider must request authorization for continued stay. Failure to obtain authorization of Medicaid reimbursement for this service within 10 days of admission will result in denial of payments or recovery of expenditures.

4. Medical necessity criteria. Children whose conditions meet this medical necessity criteria will be eligible for Medicaid payment for TFC case management. TFC case management will serve children under age 21 in treatment foster care who are seriously emotionally disturbed (SED) or children with behavioral disorders who in the absence of such programs would be at risk for placement into more restrictive residential settings such as psychiatric hospitals, correctional facilities, residential treatment programs or group homes. The child must have a documented moderate to severe impairment and moderate to severe risk factors as recorded on a state-designated uniform assessment instrument. The child's condition must meet one of the three levels described below.

a. Level I: Moderate impairment with one or more of the following moderate risk factors as documented on the state-designated uniform assessment instrument:

(1) Needs intensive supervision to prevent harmful consequences;

(2) Moderate/frequent disruptive or noncompliant behaviors in home setting that increase the risk to self or others;

(3) Needs assistance of trained professionals as caregivers.

b. Level II: Child must display a significant impairment with problems with authority, impulsivity and caregiver issues as documented on the state-designated uniform assessment instrument. For example, the child must:

(1) Be unable to handle the emotional demands of family living;

(2) Need 24-hour immediate response to crisis behaviors; or

(3) Have severe disruptive peer and authority interactions that increase risk and impede growth.

c. Level III: Child must display a significant impairment with severe risk factors as documented on the state-designated uniform assessment instrument. Child must demonstrate risk behaviors that create significant risk of harm to self or others.

5. TFC case management admission documentation required. Before Medicaid preauthorization will be granted, the referring entity must submit the following documentation. The documentation will be evaluated by DMAS or its designee to determine whether the child's condition meets the department's medical necessity criteria.

a. A completed state-designated uniform assessment instrument;

b. Diagnosis (Diagnostic Statistical Manual, Fourth Revision (DSM IV), including Axis I (Clinical Disorders); Axis II (Personality Disorders/Mental Retardation); Axis III (General Medical Conditions); Axis IV (Psychosocial and Environmental Problems); and Axis V (Global Assessment of Functioning);

c. A description of the child's immediate behavior prior to admission;

d. A description of alternative placements tried or explored;

e. The child's functional level;

f. Clinical stability;

g. The level of family support available;

h. Initial plan of care; and

i. One of the following:

(1) Written documentation that the Community Planning and Management Team (CPMT) has approved the admission to treatment foster care; or

(2) Certification by the FAPT that TFC case management is medically necessary.

6. Penalty for failure to obtain preauthorization or to prepare and maintain the previously described documentation. The failure to obtain authorization for this service within 10 days of admission or to develop and maintain the documentation enumerated above will result in denial of payments or recovery of expenditures.

C. Noncovered services. Permanency planning and other activities performed by foster care workers shall not be considered covered services and shall not be reimbursed.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 17, Issue 05, eff. January 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 07, eff. January 16, 2002.

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