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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department Of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 90. Methods and Standards for Establishing Payment Rates for Long-Term Care
10/27/2021

12VAC30-90-33. Financing.

A. DMAS shall continue its policy to disallow cost increases due to the refinancing of a mortgage debt, except when required by the mortgage holder to finance expansions or renovations. Refinancing shall also be permitted in cases where refinancing would produce a lower interest rate and result in a cost savings. The total net aggregate allowable costs incurred for all cost reporting periods related to the refinancing cannot exceed the total net aggregate costs that would have been allowable had the refinancing not occurred.

1. Refinancing incentive. Effective July 1, 1991, for mortgages refinanced on or after that date, DMAS will pay a refinancing incentive to encourage nursing facilities to refinance fixed-rate, fixed-term mortgage debt when such arrangements would benefit both the Commonwealth and the providers. The refinancing incentive payments will be made for the 10-year period following an allowable refinancing action, or through the end of the refinancing period should the loan be less than 10 years, subject to a savings being realized by application of the refinancing calculation for each of these years. The refinancing incentive payment shall be computed on the net savings from such refinancing applicable to each provider cost reporting period. Interest expense and amortization of loan costs on mortgage debt applicable to the cost report period for mortgage debt which is refinanced shall be compared to the interest expense and amortization of loan costs on the new mortgage debt for the cost reporting period.

2. Calculation of refinancing incentive. The incentive shall be computed by calculating two index numbers, the old debt financing index and the new debt financing index. The old debt financing index shall be computed by multiplying the term (months) which would have been remaining on the old debt at the end of the provider's cost report period by the interest rate for the old debt. The new debt index shall be computed by multiplying the remaining term (months) of the new debt at the end of the cost reporting period by the new interest rate. The new debt index shall be divided by the old debt index to achieve a savings ratio for the period. The savings ratio shall be subtracted from a factor of 1 to determine the refinancing incentive factor.

3. Calculation of net savings. The gross savings for the period shall be computed by subtracting the allowable new debt interest for the period from the allowable old debt interest for the period. The net savings for the period shall be computed by subtracting allowable new loan costs for the period from allowable gross savings applicable to the period. Any remaining unamortized old loan costs may be recovered in full to the extent of net savings produced for the period.

4. Calculation of incentive amount. The net savings for the period, after deduction of any unamortized old loan and debt cancellation costs, shall be multiplied by the refinancing incentive factor to determine the refinancing incentive amount The result shall be the incentive payment for the cost reporting period, which shall be included in the cost report settlement, subject to per diem computations under 12VAC30-90-30 B and C and 12VAC30-90-55 A.

5. Where a savings is produced by a provider refinancing his old mortgage for a longer time period, DMAS shall calculate the refinancing incentive and payment in accordance with subdivisions 1 through 4 of this subsection for the incentive period. Should the calculation produce both positive and negative incentives, the provider's total incentive payments shall not exceed any net positive amount for the entire incentive period. Where a savings is produced by refinancing with either a principal balloon payment at the end of the refinancing period, or a variable interest rate, no incentive payment will be made, since the true savings to the Commonwealth cannot be accurately computed.

6. All refinancings must be supported by adequate and verifiable documentation and allowable under DMAS regulations to receive the refinancing savings incentive.

7. Balloon loan reimbursement. This subdivision applies to the construction and acquisition of nursing facilities (as defined in 12VAC30-90-31 and 12VAC30-90-34) and major capital expenditures (as defined in 12VAC30-90-32) that are financed with balloon loans. A balloon loan requires periodic payments to be made that do not fully amortize the principal balance over the term of the loan; the remaining balance must be repaid at the end of a specified time period. Demand notes and loans with call provisions shall not be deemed to be balloon loans.

a. Incurred interest. Reimbursement for interest of a balloon loan and subsequent refinancings shall be considered a variable interest rate loan under subsection B of this section.

(1) A standard amortization period of 27 years, from the inception date of the original balloon loan, must be computed by the provider and submitted to DMAS and used as the amortization period for loans for renovation, construction, or purchase of a nursing facility.

(2) A standard amortization period of 15 years, from the inception date of the original balloon loan, must be used as the amortization period for loans on furniture, fixtures, and equipment.

(3) A loan which is used partially for the acquisition of buildings, land, and land improvements and partially for the purchase of furniture, fixtures, and equipment must be prorated for the purpose of determining the amortization period.

b. The allowable interest rate shall be limited to the interest rate upper limit in effect on the date of the original balloon loan, unless another rate is allowable under subsection B of this section.

c. Financing costs. The limitations on financing costs set forth in subsection B of this section shall apply to balloon loans. Financing costs exceeding the limitations set forth in these sections shall be allowed to the extent that such excess financing costs may be offset by any available interest savings.

(1) A 27-year amortization period must be used for deferred financing costs associated with the construction or purchase of a nursing facility.

(2) A 15-year amortization period must be used for deferred financing costs associated with financing of furniture, fixtures, and movable equipment.

(3) Financing costs associated with a loan used partially for the acquisition of buildings, land, and land improvements and partially for the purchase of furniture, fixtures, and equipment must be prorated for determination of the amortization period.

d. Cumulative credit computation. The computation of allowable interest and financing costs for balloon loans shall be calculated using the following procedures:

(1) A standard amortization schedule of allowable costs based upon the upper limits for interest and financing costs shall be computed by the provider and submitted to DMAS for the applicable 27-year or 15-year periods on the original balloon loan.

(2) For each cost reporting period, the provider shall be allowed the lesser of loan costs (interest and financing costs) computed in accordance with subdivision 7 a of this subsection, or the actual loan costs incurred during the period.

(3) To the extent that there is a "credit" created by the actual loan costs being less than the loan costs computed on the amortization schedule in some periods, the provider may recover any otherwise allowable costs which result from the refinancing, extension, or renewal of the balloon loan, and any loan costs which have been disallowed because the loan costs are over the limitation for some periods. However, the cumulative actual loan cost reimbursement may not exceed the cumulative allowable loan cost as computed on the amortization schedule to that date.

(4) In refinancing or refinancings of the original balloon loan which involve additional borrowings in excess of the balance due on the original balloon loan, the excess over the balance due on the balloon loan shall be treated as new debt subject to the DMAS financing policies and regulations. Any interest and financing costs incurred on the refinancing shall be allocated pro rata between the refinancing of the balloon loan and the new debt.

(5) In the event of a sale of the facility, any unused balance of cumulative credit or cumulative provider excess costs would follow the balloon loan or the refinancing of the balloon loan if the balloon loan or its refinancing is paid by the buyer under the same terms as previously paid by the seller. Examples of this are (i) the buyer assumes the existing instrument containing the same rates and terms by the purchaser; or (ii) the balance of the balloon loan or its refinancings is financed by the seller to the buyer under the same rates and terms of the existing loan as part of the sale of the facility. If the loan is otherwise paid in full at any time and the facility is sold before the full 27-year or 15-year amortization period has expired, the balance of unused cumulative credit or cumulative provider excess costs shall expire and not be considered an allowable cost.

e. In accordance with subdivision 5 of this subsection, no refinancing incentive shall be available for refinancings, extensions, or renewals of balloon loans.

f. The balloon loan and refinancing of the balloon loan shall be subject to all requirements for allowable borrowing, except as otherwise provided by this subsection.

B. Interest rate upper limit. Financing for all NFs and expansions which require a COPN and all renovations and purchases shall be subject to the following limitations:

1. Interest expenses for debt financing which is exempt from federal income taxes shall be limited to:

The average weekly rates for Baa municipal rated bonds as published in Cragie Incorporated Municipal Finance Newsletter as published weekly (Representative reoffering from general obligation bonds), plus one percentage point (100 basis points), during the week in which commitment for construction financing or closing for permanent financing takes place.

2. a. Effective on and after July 1, 1990, the interest rate upper limit for debt financing by NFs that are subject to prospective reimbursement shall be the average of the rate for 10-year and 30-year U.S. Treasury Constant Maturities, as published in the weekly Federal Reserve Statistical Release (H.15), plus two percentage points (200 basis points).

This limit (i) shall apply only to debt financing which is not exempt from federal income tax, and (ii) shall not be available to NF's which are eligible for such tax exempt financing unless and until a NF has demonstrated to DMAS that the NF failed, in a good faith effort, to obtain any available debt financing which is exempt from federal income tax. For construction financing, the limit shall be determined as of the date on which commitment takes place. For permanent financing, the limit shall be determined as of the date of closing. The limit shall apply to allowable interest expenses during the term of the financing.

b. The new interest rate upper limit shall also apply, effective July 1, 1990, to construction financing committed to or permanent financing closed after December 31, 1986, but before July 1, 1990, which is not exempt from federal income tax. The limit shall be determined as of July 1, 1990, and shall apply to allowable interest expenses for the term of the financing remaining on or after July 1, 1990.

3. Variable interest rate upper limit.

a. The limitation set forth in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection shall be applied to debt financing which bears a variable interest rate as follows. The interest rate upper limit shall be determined on the date on which commitment for construction financing or closing for permanent financing takes place, and shall apply to allowable interest expenses during the term of such financing as if a fixed interest rate for the financing period had been obtained. A "fixed rate loan amortization schedule" shall be created for the loan period, using the interest rate cap in effect on the date of commitment for construction financing or the date of closing for permanent financing.

b. If the interest rate for any cost reporting period is below the limit determined in subdivision 3 a of this subsection, no adjustment will be made to the provider's interest expense for that period, and a "carryover credit" to the extent of the amount allowable under the "fixed rate loan amortization schedule" will be created, but not paid. If the interest rate in a future cost reporting period is above the limit determined in subdivision 3 a of this subsection, the provider will be paid this "carryover credit" from prior period(s), not to exceed the cumulative carryover credit or its actual cost, whichever is less.

c. The provider shall be responsible for preparing a verifiable and auditable schedule to support cumulative computations of interest claimed under the "carryover credit," and shall submit such a schedule with each cost report.

4. The limitation set forth in subdivisions 1, 2, and 3 of this subsection shall be applicable to financing for land, buildings, fixed equipment, major movable equipment, working capital for construction and permanent financing.

5. Where bond issues are used as a source of financing, the date of sale shall be considered as the date of closing.

6. The aggregate of the following costs shall be limited to 5.0% of the total allowable project costs:

a. Examination Fees.

b. Guarantee Fees.

c. Financing Expenses (service fees, placement fees, feasibility studies, etc.).

d. Underwriters Discounts.

e. Loan Points.

7. The aggregate of the following financing costs shall be limited to 2.0% of the total allowable project costs:

a. Legal Fees.

b. Cost Certification Fees.

c. Title and Recording Costs.

d. Printing and Engraving Costs.

e. Rating Agency Fees.

C. DMAS shall allow costs associated with mortgage life insurance premiums in accordance with § 2130 of the HCFA-Pub. 15, Provider Reimbursement Manual (PRM-15).

D. Interest expense on a debt service reserve fund is an allowable expense if required by the terms of the financing agreement. However, interest income resulting from such fund shall be used by DMAS to offset interest expense.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia and Item 319 (II) of Chapter 1073 of the 2000 Acts of Assembly.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 12, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 1996; amended, Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 18, eff. July 1, 2001.

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