Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 13. Housing
Agency 5. Department of Housing and Community Development
Chapter 51. Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code
1/22/2020

13VAC5-51-135.5. Ifc Chapter 10 Means of Egress.

A. The following changes shall be made to Section 1001, Administration:

1. Change Section 1001.1 to read:

1001.1 General. Means of egress systems for buildings or portions thereof shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code and Section 1031.

2. Add Section 1001.3 to read:

1001.3 Overcrowding. Overcrowding, admittance of any person beyond the approved occupant load established by the USBC or other building code under which the building was constructed, or obstructing aisles, passageways, or any part of the means of egress shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon finding any condition that constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.

B. The following changes shall be made to Section 1003, General Means of Egress:

1. Change Section 1003.1 to read:

(N)1003.1 Applicability. The general requirements specified in Sections 1003 through 1015 shall apply to the maintenance of the building.

2. Change Section 1003.2 to read:

(N)1003.2 Ceiling height. The means of egress ceiling height shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1003.3 to read:

1003.3 Protruding objects. Protruding objects on circulation paths shall comply with the requirements of Sections 1003.3.1 and 1003.3.4.

4. Change Section 1003.3.1 to read:

(N)1003.3.1 Headroom. Minimum headroom shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Delete Section 1003.3.2.

6. Delete Section 1003.3.3.

7. Change Section 1003.3.4 to read:

(N)1003.3.4 Clear width. Protruding objects shall not reduce the minimum clear width of accessible routes.

8. Change Section 1003.4 to read:

(N)1003.4 Floor surface. Slip and trip hazards in the means of egress shall be abated.

9. Delete Section 1003.5.

10. Change Section 1003.6 to read:

(N)1003.6 Means of egress continuity. Means of egress continuity shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

11. Delete Section 1003.7.

C. The following changes shall be made to Section 1004, Occupant Load:

1. Change Section 1004.1 to read:

(N)1004.1 Design occupant load. The design occupant load shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Section 1004.1.1.

3. Delete Section 1004.1.1.1.

4. Delete Section 1004.1.1.2.

5. Delete Section 1004.1.1.3.

6. Delete Section 1004.1.2 and Table 1004.1.2.

7. Delete Section 1004.2.

8. Change Section 1004.3 to read:

(N)1004.3 Posting of occupant load. Every room or space that is an assembly occupancy and where the occupant load of that room or space is 50 or more shall have the occupant load of the room or space posted in a conspicuous place near the main exit or exit access doorway from the room or space. Posted signs shall be of an approved legible permanent design and shall be maintained by the owner or the owner's authorized agent.

9. Delete Section 1004.4.

10. Change Section 1004.5 to read:

(N)1004.5 Outdoor areas. The means of egress for outdoor areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

11. Change Section 1004.6 to read:

(N)1004.6 Multiple occupancies. Where a building contains two or more occupancies, the means of egress requirements shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

D. The following changes shall be made to Section 1005, Means of Egress Sizing:

1. Change Section 1005.1 to read:

(N)1005.1 General. All portions of the means of egress system shall be sized in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1005.2 to read:

(N)1005.2 Minimum width based on component. The minimum width of any means of egress components shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1005.3 to read:

(N)1005.3 Required capacity based on occupant load. The required capacity of the means of egress for any room, area, space or story shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Change Section 1005.3.1 to read:

(N)1005.3.1 Stairways. The capacity, in inches, of means of egress stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Delete Section 1005.3.2.

6. Change Section 1005.4 to read:

(N)1005.4 Continuity. The minimum width or required capacity of the means of egress required from any story of a building shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Delete Section 1005.5.

8. Change Section 1005.6 to read:

(N)1005.6 Egress convergence. Where the means of egress from stories above and below converge at an intermediate level, the capacity of the means of egress from the point of convergence shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.

9. Change Section 1005.7 to read:

(N)1005.7 Encroachment. Encroachments into the required means of egress width shall be in accordance with the provisions of the applicable building code.

10. Delete Section 1005.7.1.

11. Delete Section 1005.7.2.

12. Delete Section 1005.7.3.

E. The following changes shall be made to Section 1006, Numbers of Exits and Exit Access Doorways:

1. Change Section 1006.1 to read:

(N)1006.1 General. The number of exits or exit access doorways required within the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1006.2 to read:

(N)1006.2 Egress from spaces. Egress from spaces shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1006.2.1 and Table 1006.2.1.

4. Delete Section 1006.2.1.1.

5. Delete Section 1006.2.2.

6. Delete Section 1006.2.2.1.

7. Delete Section 1006.2.2.2.

8. Delete Section 1006.2.2.3.

9. Delete Section 1006.2.2.4.

10. Delete Section 1006.2.2.5.

11. Change Section 1006.3 to read:

(N)1006.3 Egress from stories or occupied roofs. The means of egress system serving any story or occupied roof shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

12. Delete Section 1006.3.1 and Table 1006.3.1.

13. Delete Section 1006.3.2 and Tables 1006.3.2(1) and 1006.3.2(2).

14. Delete Section 1006.3.2.1.

15. Delete Section 1006.3.2.2.

F. The following changes shall be made to Section 1007, Exit and Exit Access Doorway Configuration:

1. Change Section 1007.1 to read:

(N)1007.1 General. Exits, exit access doorways, and exit access stairways and ramps serving spaces, including individual building stories, shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.

2. Delete Section 1007.1.1.

3. Delete Section 1007.1.1.1.

4. Delete Section 1007.1.2.

5. Delete Section 1007.1.3.

6. Delete Section 1007.1.3.1.

G. The following changes shall be made to Section 1008, Means of Egress Illumination:

1. Change Section 1008.1 to read:

(N)1008.1 Means of egress illumination. Illumination provided in the means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable code.

2. Change Section 1008.2 to read:

(N)1008.2 Illumination required. Illumination provided for the means of egress serving a room or space shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1008.2.1.

4. Delete Section 1008.2.2.

5. Change Section 1008.3 to read:

(N)1008.3 Emergency power for illumination. The power supply for means of egress illumination shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Delete Section 1008.3.1.

7. Delete Section 1008.3.2.

8. Delete Section 1008.3.3.

9. Delete Section 1008.3.4.

10. Delete Section 1008.3.5.

H. The following changes shall be made to Section 1009, Accessible Means of Egress:

1. Change Section 1009.1 to read:

(N)1009.1 Accessible means of egress required. Accessible means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1009.2 to read:

(N)1009.2 Continuity and components. Continuity and components provided for accessible means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1009.2.1.

4. Change Section 1009.3 to read:

(N)1009.3 Stairways. Stairways part of an accessible means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1009.4 to read:

(N)1009.4 Elevators. Elevators considered part of the means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Change Section 1009.5 to read:

(N)1009.5 Platform lifts. Platform lifts serving as a part of an accessible means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Change Section 1009.6 to read:

(N)1009.6 Areas of refuge. Areas of refuge shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

8. Delete Section 1009.6.1.

9. Delete Section 1009.6.2.

10. Delete Section 1009.6.3.

11. Delete Section 1009.6.4.

12. Delete Section 1009.6.5.

13. Change Section 1009.7 to read:

(N)1009.7 Exterior areas for assisted rescue. Exterior areas for assisted rescue shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

14. Delete Section 1009.7.1.

15. Delete Section 1009.7.2.

16. Delete Section 1009.7.3.

17. Delete Section 1009.7.4.

18. Change Section 1009.8 to read:

(N)1009.8 Two-way communication. Where provided, two-way communication systems shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

19. Delete Section 1009.8.1.

I. The following changes shall be made to Section 1010, Doors, Gates and Turnstiles:

1. Change Section 1010.1 to read:

(N)1010.1 Doors. Doors serving a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. Means of egress doors shall be readily distinguishable from the adjacent construction and finishes such that the doors are easily recognizable as doors. Mirrors or similar reflecting materials shall not be used on means of egress doors. Means of egress doors shall not be concealed by curtains, drapes, decorations or similar materials.

2. Delete Section 1010.1.1.

3. Delete Section 1010.1.1.1.

4. Delete Section 1010.1.2.

5. Delete Section 1010.1.2.1.

6. Delete Section 1010.1.3.

7. Delete Section 1010.1.3.1.

8. Delete Section 1010.1.4.

9. Delete Section 1010.1.4.1 and Tables 1010.1.4.1(1) and 1010.1.4.1(2).

10. Delete Section 1010.1.4.1.1.

11. Delete Section 1010.1.4.1.2.

12. Delete Section 1010.1.4.2.

13. Delete Section 1010.1.4.3.

14. Delete Section 1010.1.5.

15. Delete Section 1010.1.6.

16. Delete Section 1010.1.7.

17. Delete Section 1010.1.8.

18. Delete Section 1010.1.9.1.

19. Delete Section 1010.1.9.2.

20. Change Section 1010.1.9.3 to read:

(N)1010.1.9.3 Locks and latches. Where required, a readily visible durable sign is posted on the egress side on or adjacent to the door stating THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN THIS SPACE IS OCCUPIED. The sign shall be in letters 1 inch (25 mm) high on a contrasting background and shall be maintained.

21. Delete Section 1010.1.9.4.

22. Delete Section 1010.1.9.5.

23. Delete Section 1010.1.9.5.1.

24. Delete Section 1010.1.9.6.

25. Delete Section 1010.1.9.7.

26. Delete Section 1010.1.9.8.

27. Delete Section 1010.1.9.9.

28. Delete Section 1010.1.9.10.

29. Delete Section 1010.1.9.11.

30. Delete Section 1010.1.10.

31. Delete Section 1010.1.10.1.

32. Delete Section 1010.1.10.2.

33. Change Section 1010.2 to read:

(N)1010.2 Gates. Gates serving the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

34. Delete Section 1010.2.1.

35. Change Section 1010.3 to read:

(N)1010.3 Turnstiles. Turnstiles or similar devices shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

36. Delete Section 1010.3.1.

37. Delete Section 1010.3.2.

J. The following changes shall be made to Section 1011, Stairways:

1. Change Section 1011.1 to read:

(N)1011.1 General. Stairways serving occupied portions of a building shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1011.2 to read:

(N)1011.2 Width and capacity. The capacity of stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1011.3 to read:

(N)1011.3 Headroom. Headroom requirements for stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Change Section 1011.4 to read:

(N)1011.4 Walkline. The walkline across winder treads shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1011.5 to read:

(N)1011.5 Stair treads and risers. Stair treads and risers shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code

6. Delete Section 1011.5.1.

7. Delete Section 1011.5.2.

8. Delete Section 1011.5.3.

9. Delete Section 1011.5.4.

10. Delete Section 1011.5.4.1.

11. Delete Section 1011.5.5.

12. Delete Section 1011.5.5.1.

13. Delete Section 1011.5.5.2.

14. Delete Section 1011.5.5.3.

15. Delete Section 1011.6.

16. Delete Section 1011.7.

17. Delete Section 1011.7.1.

18. Delete Section 1011.7.2.

19. Delete Section 1011.7.3.

20. Delete Section 1011.7.4.

21. Change Section 1011.8 to read:

(N)1011.8 Vertical rise. Vertical rise of a flight of stairs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

22. Change Section 1011.9 to read:

(N)1011.9 Curved stairways. Curved stairways with winder treads shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

23. Change Section 1011.10 to read:

(N)1011.10 Spiral stairways. Spiral stairways used as a component in the means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

24. Change Section 1011.11 to read:

(N)1011.11 Handrails. Handrails for stairways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

25. Change Section 1011.12 to read:

(N)1011.12 Stairway to roof. Stairways to a roof shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

26. Delete Section 1011.12.1.

27. Delete Section 1011.12.2.

28. Change Section 1011.13 to read:

(N)1011.13 Guards. Guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

29. Change Section 1011.14 to read:

(N)1011.14 Alternating tread devices. Alternating tread devices shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

30. Delete Section 1011.14.1.

31. Delete Section 1011.14.2.

32. Change Section 1011.15 to read:

(N)1011.15 Ships ladders. Ships ladders shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

33. Delete Section 1011.15.1.

34. Delete Section 1011.15.2.

35. Delete Section 1011.16.

K. The following changes shall be made to Section 1012, Ramps:

1. Change Section 1012.1 to read:

(N)1012.1 Scope. The provisions of this section shall apply to the maintenance of ramps used as a component of a means of egress.

2. Change Section 1012.2 to read:

(N)1012.2 Slope. Ramp slopes shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1012.3 to read:

(N)1012.3 Cross slope. The cross slope for ramps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Change Section 1012.4 to read:

(N)1012.4 Vertical rise. The rise for any ramp run shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1012.5 to read:

(N)1012.5 Minimum dimensions. The minimum dimensions of means of egress ramps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Delete Section 1012.5.1.

7. Delete Section 1012.5.2.

8. Delete Section 1012.5.3.

9. Change Section 1012.6 to read:

(N)1012.6 Landings. Landings serving ramps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

10. Delete Section 1012.6.1.

11. Delete Section 1012.6.2.

12. Delete Section 1012.6.3.

13. Delete Section 1012.6.4.

14. Delete Section 1012.6.5.

15. Delete Section 1012.7.

16. Delete Section 1012.7.2.

17. Change Section 1012.8 to read:

(N)1012.8 Handrails. Handrails serving ramps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

18. Change Section 1012.9 to read:

(N)1012.9 Guards. Guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

19. Change Section 1012.10 to read:

(N)1012.10 Edge protection. Edge protection shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

20. Delete Section 1012.10.1.

21. Delete Section 1012.10.2.

L. The following changes shall be made to Section 1013, Exit Signs:

1. Change Section 1013.1 to read:

(N)1013.1 Where required. Exits and exit access doors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1013.2 to read:

(N)1013.2 Floor-level exit signs in Group R-1. Floor-level exit signs in Group R-1 buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1013.3 to read:

(N)1013.3 Illumination. Exit sign illumination shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Change Section 1013.4 to read:

(N)1013.4 Raised character and braille exit signs. Raised character and braille exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1013.5 to read:

(N)1013.5 Internally illuminated exit signs. Electrically powered, self-luminous, and photoluminescent exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Change Section 1013.6 to read:

(N)1013.6 Externally illuminated exit signs. Externally illuminated exit signs shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Delete Section 1013.6.1.

8. Delete Section 1013.6.2.

9. Delete Section 1013.6.3.

M. The following changes shall be made to Section 1014, Handrails:

1. Change Section 1014.1 to read:

(N)1014.1 Where required. Handrails serving stairways, ramps, stepped aisles, and ramped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1014.2 to read:

(N)1014.2 Height. Handrail height, shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1014.3 to read:

(N)1014.3 Handrail graspability. Handrail graspability shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Delete Section 1014.3.1.

5. Delete Section 1014.3.2.

6. Change Section 1014.4 to read:

(N)1014.4 Continuity. Handrail continuity shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Delete Section 1014.5.

8. Delete Section 1014.6.

9. Change Section 1014.7 to read:

(N)1014.7 Clearance. Clear space between a handrail and a wall or other surface shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

10. Change Section 1014.8 to read:

(N)1014.8 Projections. Projections into the required width of aisles, stairways and ramps at each side shall not exceed the requirements of the applicable building code.

11. Change Section 1014.9 to read:

(N)1014.9 Intermediate handrails. Where provided, intermediate handrails shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

N. The following changes shall be made to Section 1015, Guards:

1. Change Section 1015.1 to read:

(N)1015.1 General. Guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Section 1015.2.

3. Delete Section 1015.2.1.

4. Change Section 1015.3 to read:

(N)1015.3 Height. Guard height shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1015.4 to read:

(N)1015.4 Opening limitations. Openings in guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Change Section 1015.5 to read:

(N)1015.5 Screen porches. Guards provided for screen porches shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Change Section 1015.6 to read:

(N)1015.6 Mechanical equipment, systems and devices. Guards provided for mechanical equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

8. Change Section 1015.7 to read:

(N)1015.7 Roof access. Guards provided for roof access shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

9. Change Section 1015.8 to read:

(N)1015.8 Window openings. Windows shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

10. Delete Section 1015.8.1.

O. The following changes shall be made to Section 1016, Exit Access:

1. Change Section 1016.1 to read:

(N)1016.1 General. The exit access shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1016.2 to read:

(N)1016.2 Egress through intervening spaces. Egress through intervening spaces shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1016.2.1.

P. The following changes shall be made to Section 1017, Exit Access Travel Distance:

1. Change Section 1017.1 to read:

(N)1017.1 General. Travel distance within the exit access portion of the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Section 1017.2 and Table 1017.2.

3. Delete Section 1017.2.1.

4. Delete Section 1017.2.2.

5. Delete Section 1017.3.

6. Delete Section 1017.3.1.

Q. The following changes shall be made to Section 1018, Aisles:

1. Change Section 1018.1 to read:

(N)1018.1 General. Aisles and aisle accessways serving as a portion of the exit access in the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1018.2 to read:

(N)1018.2 Aisles in assembly spaces. Aisles and aisle accessways serving a room or space used for assembly purposes shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1018.3 to read:

(N)1018.3 Aisles in Groups B and M. In Groups B and M occupancies, the aisle width shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Change Section 1018.4 to read:

(N)1018.4 Aisle accessways in Group M. Aisle accessways in Group M shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1018.5 to read:

(N)1018.5 Aisles in other than assembly spaces and Groups B and M. Aisles in other than assembly spaces and Groups B and M shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

R. The following changes shall be made to Section 1019, Exit Access Stairways and Ramps.

1. Change Section 1019.1 to read:

(N)1019.1 General. Exit access stairways and ramps serving as an exit access component in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Section 1019.2.

3. Delete Section 1019.3.

4. Delete Section 1019.4.

S. The following changes shall be made to Section 1020, Corridors:

1. Change Section 1020.1 to read:

(N)1020.1 Maintenance. Corridors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Table 1020.1.

3. Change Section 1020.2 to read:

(N)1020.2 Width and capacity. The width and capacity of corridors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Delete Table 1020.2.

5. Delete Section 1020.4.

6. Delete Section 1020.5.

7. Delete Section 1020.5.1.

8. Change Section 1020.6 to read:

(N)1020.6 Corridor continuity. The continuity of fire-resistance-rated corridors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

T. The following changes shall be made to Section 1021, Egress Balconies:

1. Change Section 1021.1 to read:

(N)1021.1 General. Balconies used for egress purposes shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1021.2 to read:

(N)1021.2 Wall separation. Wall separation for egress balconies shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1021.3.

4. Change Section 1021.4 to read:

(N)1021.4 Location. The fire separation distance for exterior egress balconies shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

U. The following changes shall be made to Section 1022, Exits:

1. Change Section 1022.1 to read:

(N)1022.1 General. An exit shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with its function as a means of egress. Once a given level of exit protection is achieved, such level of protection shall not be reduced until arrival at the exit discharge. Exits shall be continuous from the point of entry into the exit to the exit discharge. Exits shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1022.2 to read:

(N)1022.2 Exterior exit doors. Exterior exit doors shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1022.2.1.

4. Delete Section 1022.2.2.

V. The following changes shall be made to Section 1023, Interior Exit Stairways and Ramps:

1. Change Section 1023.1 to read:

(N)1023.1 General. Interior exit stairways and ramps serving as an exit component in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Section 1023.2.

3. Delete Section 1023.3.

4. Delete Section 1023.3.1.

5. Change Section 1023.4 to read:

(N)1023.4 Openings. Interior exit stairway and ramp opening protectives shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Delete Section 1023.5.

7. Change Section 1023.6 to read:

(N)1023.6 Ventilation. Equipment and ductwork for interior exit stairway and ramp ventilation shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

8. Change Section 1023.7 to read:

(N)1023.7 Interior exit stairway and ramp exterior walls. Exterior walls of the interior exit stairway or ramp shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

9. Change Section 1023.8 to read:

(N)1023.8 Discharge identification. An interior exit stairway and ramp shall not continue below its level of exit discharge unless an approved barrier is provided at the level of exit discharge to prevent persons from unintentionally continuing into levels below. Directional exit signs shall be provided and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

10. Change Section 1023.9.1 to read:

(N)1023.9.1 Signage requirements. Stairway identification signs shall comply with all of the following requirements:

1. The signs shall be a minimum size of 18 inches (457 mm) by 12 inches (305 mm).

2. The letters designating the identification of the interior exit stairway and ramp shall be not less than 1-1/2 inches (38 mm) in height.

3. The number designating the floor level shall be not less than of 5 inches (127 mm) in height and located in the center of the sign.

4. Other lettering and numbers shall be not less than 1 inch (25 mm) in height.

5. Characters and their background shall have a nonglare finish. Characters shall contrast with their background with either light characters on a dark background or dark characters on a light background.

11. Change Section 1023.10 to read:

(N)1023.10 Elevator lobby identification signs. At landings in interior exit stairways where two or more doors lead to the floor level, any door with direct access to an enclosed elevator lobby shall be identified by signage located on the door or directly adjacent to the door stating "Elevator Lobby." Signage shall be in accordance with Section 1023.9.1, Items 4 and 5.

12. Change Section 1023.11 to read:

(N)1023.11 Smokeproof enclosures. Smokeproof enclosures shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

13. Delete Section 1023.11.1.

14. Delete Section 1023.11.2.

W. The following changes shall be made to Section 1024, Exit Passageways:

1. Change Section 1024.1 to read:

(N)1024.1 Exit passageways. Exit passageways serving as an exit component in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1024.2 to read:

(N)1024.2 Width. The minimum width or required capacity of exit passageways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1024.3.

4. Delete Section 1024.4.

5. Change Section 1024.5 to read:

(N)1024.5 Openings. Exit passageway opening protectives shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Change Section 1024.6 to read:

(N)1024.6 Penetrations. Penetration protection shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Change Section 1024.7 to read:

(N)1024.7 Ventilation. Equipment and ductwork for exit passageway ventilation shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

X. The following changes shall be made to Section 1025, Luminous Egress Path Markings:

1. Change Section 1025.1 to read:

(N)1025.1 General. Luminous egress path markings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1025.2 to read:

(N)1025.2 Markings within exit components. Egress path markings provided in interior exit stairways, interior exit ramps, and exit passageways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1025.2.1.

4. Delete Section 1025.2.2.

5. Delete Section 1025.2.3.

6. Delete Section 1025.2.4

7. Delete Section 1025.2.4.1.

8. Delete Section 1025.2.4.2.

9. Delete Section 1025.2.4.3.

10. Delete Section 1025.2.5.

11. Delete Section 1025.2.6.

12. Delete Section 1025.2.6.1.

13. Delete Section 1025.2.6.2.

14. Delete Section 1025.2.6.3.

15. Delete Section 1025.3.

16. Change Section 1025.4 to read:

(N)1025.4 Self-luminous and photoluminescent. Self-luminous and photoluminescent egress path markings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

17. Change Section 1025.5 to read:

(N)1025.5 Illumination. Photoluminescent exit path markings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Y. The following changes shall be made to Section 1026, Horizontal Exits:

1. Change Section 1026.1 to read:

(N)1026.1 Horizontal exits. Horizontal exits serving as an exit in a means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1026.2 to read:

(N)1026.2 Separation. The separation between buildings or refuge areas connected by a horizontal exit shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1026.3 to read:

(N)1026.3 Opening protectives. Fire doors in horizontal exits shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Change Section 1026.4 to read:

(N)1026.4 Refuge area. Where provided, the refuge area of a horizontal exit shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Delete Section 1026.4.1.

6. Delete Section 1026.4.2.

Z. The following changes shall be made to Section 1027, Exterior Exit Stairways and Ramps:

1. Change Section 1027.1 to read:

(N)1027.1 Exterior exit stairways and ramps. Exterior exit stairways and ramps serving as an element of a required means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1027.2 to read:

(N)1027.2 Use in a means of egress. Exterior exit stairways shall not be used as an element of a required means of egress.

3. Delete Section 1027.3.

4. Delete Section 1027.4.

5. Delete Section 1027.5.

6. Delete Section 1027.6.

AA. The following changes shall be made to Section 1028, Exit Discharge:

1. Change Section 1028.1 to read:

(N)1028.1 General. The exit discharge shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1028.2 to read:

(N)1028.2 Exit discharge width or capacity. The minimum width or required capacity of the exit discharge shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 1028.3 to read:

(N)1028.3 Exit discharge components. Exit discharge components shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Change Section 1028.4 to read:

(N)1028.4 Egress courts. Egress courts serving as a portion of the exit discharge in the means of egress system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1028.4.1 to read:

(N)1028.4.1 Width or capacity. The required capacity of egress courts shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Delete Section 1028.4.2.

7. Change Section 1028.5 to read:

(N)1028.5 Access to a public way. Where provided, access to a public way shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

Exception: Where access to a public way cannot be provided, a safe dispersal area shall be provided where all of the following are met:

1. The area shall be of a size to accommodate not less than 5 square feet (0.46 m2) for each person.

2. The area shall be located on the same lot not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) away from the building requiring egress.

3. The area shall be permanently maintained and identified as a safe dispersal area.

4. The area shall be provided with a safe and unobstructed path of travel from the building.

BB. The following changes shall be made to Section 1029, Assembly:

1. Change Section 1029.1 to read:

(N)1029.1 General. The means of egress serving a room or space used for assembly purposes that contains seats, tables, displays, equipment or other material shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Section 1029.1.1.

3. Delete Section 1029.1.1.1.

4. Change Section 1029.2 to read:

(N)1029.2 Assembly main exit. The assembly main exit shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1029.3 to read:

(N)1029.3 Assembly other exits. Other assembly exits shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Delete Section 1029.4.

7. Change Section 1029.5 to read:

(N)1029.5 Interior balcony and gallery means of egress. Interior balcony and gallery means of egress shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

8. Change Section 1029.6 to read:

(N)1029.6 Capacity of aisle for assembly. The required capacity of aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

9. Delete Section 1029.6.1.

10. Delete Section 1029.6.2 and Table 1029.6.2.

11. Delete Section 1029.6.2.1.

12. Delete Section 1029.6.2.2.

13. Delete Section 1029.6.2.3.

14. Delete Section 1029.6.3.

15. Change Section 1029.7 to read:

(N)1029.7 Travel distance. Travel distance shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

16. Change Section 1029.8 to read:

(N)1029.8 Common path of egress travel. The common path of egress travel shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

17. Delete Section 1029.8.1.

18. Change Section 1029.9 to read:

(N)1029.9 Assembly aisles are required. Assembly aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

19. Change Section 1029.9.1 to read:

(N)1029.9.1 Minimum aisle width. The minimum clear width for aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

20. Delete Section 1029.9.2.

21. Delete Section 1029.9.3.

22. Delete Section 1029.9.4.

23. Delete Section 1029.9.5

24. Delete Section 1029.9.6.

25. Delete Section 1029.9.7.

26. Delete Section 1029.9.8.

27. Change Section 1029.10 to read:

(N)1029.10 Transitions. Transitions between stairways and stepped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

28. Delete Section 1029.10.1.

29. Delete Section 1029.10.2.

30. Delete Section 1029.10.2.1.

31. Delete Section 1029.10.2.2.

32. Delete Section 1029.10.3.

33. Delete Section 1029.11.

34. Delete Section 1029.11.1.

35. Delete Section 1029.11.2.

36. Change Section 1029.12 to read:

(N)1029.12 Aisle accessways. Aisle accessways for seating at tables shall maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

37. Delete Section 1029.12.1.

38. Delete Section 1029.12.1.1.

39. Delete Section 1029.12.1.2.

40. Delete Section 1029.12.2.

41. Delete Section 1029.12.2.1 and Table 1029.12.2.1.

42. Delete Section 1029.12.2.2.

43. Change Section 1029.13 to read:

(N)1029.13 Assembly aisle walking surfaces. Ramped and stepped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

44. Delete Section 1029.13.1.

45. Delete Section 1029.13.1.1.

46. Delete Section 1029.13.1.2.

47. Delete Section 1029.13.1.3.

48. Delete Section 1029.13.2.

49. Delete Section 1029.13.2.1.

50. Delete Section 1029.13.2.2.

51. Delete Section 1029.13.2.2.1.

52. Delete Section 1029.13.2.3.

53. Delete Section 1029.13.2.4.

54. Delete Section 1029.14.

55. Change Section 1029.15 to read:

(N)1029.15 Handrails. Handrails serving ramped aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

56. Delete Section 1029.15.1.

57. Delete Section 1029.15.2.

58. Delete Section 1029.15.3.

59. Delete Section 1029.15.4.

60. Change Section 1029.16 to read:

(N)1029.16 Assembly guards. Guards adjacent to seating in a building, room or space used for assembly purposes shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

61. Change Section 1029.16.1 to read:

(N)1029.16.1 Perimeter guards. Perimeter guards shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

62. Delete Section 1029.16.2.

63. Delete Section 1029.16.3.

64. Delete Section 1029.16.4.

CC. The following changes shall be made to Section 1030, Emergency Escape and Rescue:

1. Change Section 1030.1 to read:

(N)1030.1 General. Emergency escape and rescue components of a building shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 1030.2 to read:

(N)1030.2 Minimum size. Emergency escape and rescue openings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 1030.2.1.

4. Change Section 1030.3 to read:

(N)1030.3 Maximum height from floor. Emergency escape and rescue opening height shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5. Change Section 1030.4 to read:

1030.4 Operational constraints. The operation of emergency escape and rescue openings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Change Section 1030.5 to read:

(N)1030.5 Window wells. Window wells shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Delete Section 1030.5.1.

8. Delete Section 1030.5.2.

Statutory Authority

§ 27-97 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 22, Issue 03, eff. November 16, 2005; amended, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 16, eff. July 14, 2014; Volume 34, Issue 18, eff. October 16, 2018; Volume 35, Issue 04, eff. October 16, 2018.

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