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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 14. Insurance
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Bureau of Insurance
Chapter 341. Rules Governing Standards for the Content of Dwelling Property Insurance Policies
7/18/2024

14VAC5-341-40. Mandatory property coverages.

A. Insurers shall provide coverage for the dwelling on the residence premises including fixtures.

1. Insurers shall also provide coverage for materials and supplies while located on the residence premises and intended for use in construction, alteration, or repair of the dwelling or other structures.

2. For a dwelling that is a condominium unit, insurers shall provide a limit of liability of at least $5,000 for the dwelling and fixtures that are the responsibility of the condominium unit owner.

B. Insurers shall provide coverage for other structures and the fixtures of other structures on the residence premises.

1. Insurers shall provide a limit of liability of at least 10% of the dwelling limit of liability.

2. Insurers may exclude coverage for other structures that are used for business or rented or held for rental unless the structure is (i) rented to roomers, boarders, or tenants of the dwelling or (ii) rented for use solely as a private garage.

3. For condominium units, insurers shall provide coverage for other structures and fixtures of other structures that are the responsibility of the condominium unit owner.

C. Insurers shall provide coverage for (i) breakage of glass or safety glazing material that is part of a dwelling or other structure and (ii) damage to covered property by glass that is part of a dwelling or other structure. This coverage does not increase the limit of liability that applies to the damaged covered property. Insurers may exclude loss if the dwelling was vacant.

D. Insurers shall provide coverage for the expenses incurred for the removal of debris of covered property damaged by a covered cause of loss and the expense for the removal of fallen trees that damage covered property. Expenses for debris removal are included within the limit of liability applicable to the damaged property.

E. Insurers shall provide coverage for contractual fire department service charges and volunteer fire department service charges as follows:

1. Contractual fire department service charges where the fire department is called to save or protect insured property from a covered cause of loss. Insurers may limit this coverage to a residence premises not located within the limits of a city, municipality, or fire protection district furnishing fire department services.

2. Fire department service charges made by volunteer fire departments pursuant to § 38.2-2130 of the Code of Virginia.

3. Insurers shall provide at least $250 of coverage for each type of fire department service charges.

4. Insurers may not apply a deductible to the coverages in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection.

F. Insurers shall offer ordinance or law coverage, subject to the exclusions or limitations within this chapter, pursuant to § 38.2-2124 of the Code of Virginia at the dwelling limit of liability within the policy or as an endorsement. This limit of liability is in addition to the limit of liability applicable to the dwelling. Insurers may make other limits of liability available for insureds to purchase. When ordinance or law coverage is provided within the policy or as an endorsement, subdivision A 3 of 14VAC5-341-70 does not apply.

G. Insurers shall provide coverage of at least 10% of the dwelling limit of liability for the increase in necessary living expenses when the dwelling is uninhabitable due to a covered cause of loss. Insurers shall provide coverage of at least 20% of the household and personal property limit of liability for condominium units.

1. Insurers shall provide this coverage for the time reasonably required to return the dwelling to a habitable condition or for the insured's household to become settled in any permanent quarters.

2. Insurers shall provide additional living expense coverage for at least two weeks while a civil authority limits access to the residence premises as a result of damage to neighboring premises by a covered cause of loss.

3. Insurers may exclude living expenses that do not continue.

4. This coverage is not limited by the expiration date of the policy.

5. Insurers may not apply a deductible to this coverage.

H. Insurers shall provide coverage of at least 10% of the dwelling limit of liability for the fair rental value of any part of the dwelling or other structure. Insurers shall provide coverage of at least 20% of the household and personal property limit of liability for condominium units.

1. Insurers shall provide this coverage for the time reasonably required to restore the dwelling or other structures to a tenantable condition following damage caused by a covered cause of loss.

2. Insurers shall provide fair rental value coverage for at least two weeks while a civil authority limits access to the residence premises as a result of damage to neighboring premises by a covered cause of loss.

3. Insurers may exclude expenses that do not continue.

4. Insurers may exclude coverage for loss or expense due to cancellation of a lease or agreement.

5. This coverage is not limited by the expiration date of the policy.

6. Insurers may not apply a deductible to this coverage.

I. Insurers shall provide coverage for damage to trees, shrubs, plants, or lawns caused by fire, lightning, explosion, riot, civil commotion, aircraft, or vehicles not owned or operated by a resident of the residence premises. When expanded or open causes of loss are provided by the policy, insurers shall also include coverage for damage to trees, shrubs, plants, or lawns caused by vandalism and malicious mischief, and actual or attempted burglary.

1. Insurers shall provide a limit of liability for this coverage of at least 5.0% of the dwelling limit of liability.

2. Insurers may limit the amount of coverage to no more than $250 for each tree, shrub, or plant on the residence premises. The limit of coverage includes debris removal coverage when the tree, plant, or shrub does not cause damage to covered property.

J. Insurers shall provide coverage for loss or damage to property while removed or being removed from the residence premises because the property is endangered by a covered cause of loss.

1. Coverage is provided for damage from any cause subject to the exclusions and limitations permitted in this chapter.

2. Insurers shall provide this coverage for at least 30 days for each removal.

3. This coverage is not limited by the expiration date of the policy.

4. This coverage does not increase the limit of liability that applies to the damaged covered property.

K. Insurers shall provide coverage for the cost of making reasonable repairs to protect covered property from further damage when the repairs are directly attributable to damage caused by a covered cause of loss. The repairs are included as part of the amount of the loss.

L. If expanded or open causes of loss are provided by the policy, insurers shall pay the cost incurred to tear out and replace the part of the dwelling or other structure necessary to gain access to the system or appliance from which the water or steam escaped if a loss to the dwelling or other structures is caused by water or steam escaping from a system or appliance. Insurers may exclude loss to the system or appliance from which the water or steam escapes.

M. Insurers shall provide coverage for direct physical loss to the dwelling, other structures, and household and personal property involving collapse of a dwelling or other structure or any part of a dwelling or other structure:

1. Caused by one or more of the following:

a. The causes of loss in subsection C of 14VAC5-341-60;

b. Hidden decay;

c. Hidden insect or vermin damage;

d. Weight of contents, equipment, animals, or people;

e. Weight of rain that collects on a roof; or

f. Use of defective materials or methods in construction, remodeling, or renovation if the collapse occurs during the construction, remodeling, or renovation.

2. Loss to an awning, fence, patio, pavement, swimming pool, underground pipe, flue, drain, cesspool, septic tank, foundation, retaining wall, bulkhead, pier, wharf, or dock is not included under subdivisions 1 b through 1 f of this subsection unless the loss is a direct result of the collapse of a building.

3. Collapse does not include settling, cracking, shrinking, bulging, or expansion. A building that is in danger of falling down or caving in is not in a state of collapse.

4. This coverage does not increase the limit of liability applicable to the damaged covered property.

5. Insurers may exclude collapse when providing only basic causes of loss set forth in subsection B of 14VAC5-341-60.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13, 38.2-223, and 38.2-2108 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 38, Issue 11, eff. January 1, 2022.

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