Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 14. Insurance
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Bureau of Insurance
Chapter 395. Rules Governing Settlement Agents

14VAC5-395-70. Reporting requirements.

A. Every settlement agent shall make all escrow, closing, or settlement records available promptly upon request for examination by the bureau without notice during normal business hours.

B. A settlement agent shall maintain documentation that supports all entries on the settlement statement or Closing Disclosure.

C. A settlement agent shall promptly respond to a bureau request for books, records, documentation, or other information in connection with the bureau's investigation, enforcement, or examination of the settlement agent's compliance with applicable laws and regulations. If no time period is specified by the bureau, a written response as well as any requested books, records, documentation, or information shall be delivered by the settlement agent to the bureau not later than 30 days from the date of such request.

D. Within 30 days following the occurrence of any of the following events, a settlement agent other than a title insurance company shall report to the bureau if:

1. Any bankruptcy, reorganization, or receivership proceedings are filed by or against the settlement agent.

2. Any governmental authority enters a final disposition in a regulatory, administrative, or enforcement action against the settlement agent.

3. Any governmental authority revokes or suspends the settlement agent's registration, license, or other license for a similar business.

4. Based on allegations by any governmental authority that the settlement agent violated any law or regulation applicable to the conduct of its licensed business, the settlement agent enters into, or otherwise agrees to the entry of, a settlement or consent order, decree, or agreement with or by such governmental authority.

5. The settlement agent surrenders its license in another state.

6. The settlement agent is denied a license in another state.

7. The settlement agent or any of its members, partners, directors, officers, principals, employees, or independent contractors is convicted of a felony.

8. Any funds held by the settlement agent are (i) seized by or on behalf of any court or governmental instrumentality or (ii) forfeited to or on behalf of any court or governmental instrumentality. The term "forfeited" shall not include the escheatment of funds in accordance with The Uniform Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act (§ 55.1-2500 et seq. of Title 55.1 of the Code of Virginia) or the interpleading of funds to a court of competent jurisdiction.

E. A settlement agent shall immediately notify the bureau following the loss of (i) a designated licensed producer, (ii) required insurance coverage, or (iii) required bond coverage.

F. A settlement agent or former settlement agent other than a title insurance company shall provide the following information to the bureau within 10 days after such person's title insurance license is surrendered, terminated, suspended, or revoked or has lapsed by operation of law, or the licensed and registered business is otherwise closed: (i) the names, addresses, telephone numbers, fax numbers, and email addresses of a designated contact person; (ii) the location of the settlement agent's or former settlement agent's records; and (iii) any additional information that the bureau may reasonably require. A settlement agent or former settlement agent other than a title insurance company shall maintain current information with the bureau until all escrow funds are disbursed and all title policies are issued.

G. Sixty days prior to ceasing business, a settlement agent shall provide notice to the bureau of its intent to cease conducting settlements and the anticipated date of business termination.

H. The reports required by this section shall be in the format and contain such additional information as the bureau may reasonably require. The bureau may also require additional reports that it deems necessary.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13 and 55.1-1012 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 25, eff. September 15, 1997; amended, Virginia Register Volume 32, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 2016; Volume 36, Issue 4, eff. October 14, 2019.

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