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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 15. State Milk Commission
Chapter 20. Regulations for the Control and Supervision of Virginia's Milk Industry
11/27/2020

2VAC15-20-81. Class prices for producer's milk, time and method of payment, and butterfat testing.

A. CWT Class prices.

1. Class I

July through February

March through June

Eastern Virginia Market

$8.46/cwt.

$8.26/cwt.

Southwest Virginia Market

$7.96/cwt.

$7.76/cwt.

Western Virginia Market

$8.16/cwt.

$7.96/cwt.

The above established Class I prices shall be adjusted automatically in accordance with the following procedure, provided:

(1) a. The Eastern Market Class I price shall not exceed the average prevailing Class I price of Metropolitan Washington, D.C., and Raleigh, North Carolina, by more than $0.80 per hundredweight nor be less than $0.30 per hundredweight above the average prevailing Class I price of Metropolitan Washington, D.C., and Raleigh, North Carolina;

b. The Southwest Market Class I price shall not exceed the average prevailing Class I price of Bristol, Virginia, and Charleston, West Virginia, by more than $0.60 per hundredweight nor be less than $0.30 per hundredweight above the average prevailing Class I price of Bristol, Virginia, and Charleston, West Virginia; and

c. The Western Market Class I price shall not exceed the average prevailing Class I price of Metropolitan Washington, D.C., and Winston Salem, North Carolina, by more than $0.60 per hundredweight nor be less than $0.30 per hundredweight above the average prevailing Class I price of Metropolitan Washington, D.C., and Winston Salem, North Carolina.

(2) Class I prices shall be increased by an amount determined by multiplying the number of two-point brackets that the average bi-monthly composite index exceeds 101.0 by $0.20; and

(3) Class I prices shall be decreased by an amount determined by multiplying the number of two-point brackets that the average bi-monthly composite index descends below 99.0 by $0.20.

(4) The average bi-monthly composite index brackets shall be in accordance with the following schedule:

Average Bi-monthly Composite Index Brackets (Nos. through Nos.) Continued

Amount of Adjustment (Cents) Continued

96.9 - 98.9

- 20

99.0 - 101.0

- 0

101.1 - 103.1

+ 20

103.2 - 105.2

+ 40

105.3 - 107.3

+ 60

107.4 - 109.4

+ 80

109.5 - 111.5

+100

111.6 - 113.6

+120

113.7 - 115.7

+140

115.8 - 117.8

+160

117.9 - 119.9

+180

120.0 - 122.0

+200

122.1 - 124.1

+220

124.2 - 126.2

+240

126.3 - 128.3

+260

128.4 - 130.4

+280

130.5 - 132.5

+300

132.6 - 134.6

+320

134.7 - 136.7

+340

136.8 - 138.8

+360

138.9 - 140.9

+380

141.0 - 143.0

+400

143.1 - 145.1

+420

145.2 - 147.2

+440

147.3 - 149.3

+460

149.4 - 151.4

+480

151.5 - 153.5

+500

153.6 - 155.6

+520

155.7 - 157.7

+540

157.8 - 159.8

+560

159.9 - 161.9

+580

162.0 - 164.0

+600

164.1 - 166.1

+620

166.2 - 168.2

+640

168.3 - 170.3

+660

170.4 - 172.4

+680

172.5 - 174.5

+700

174.6 - 176.6

+720

176.7 - 178.7

+740

178.8 - 180.8

+760

180.9 - 182.9

+780

183.0 - 185.0

+800

185.1 - 187.1

+820

187.2 - 189.2

+840

189.3 - 191.3

+860

191.4 - 193.4

+880

193.5 - 195.5

+900

195.6 - 197.6

+920

197.7 - 199.7

+940

199.8 - 201.8

+960

201.9 - 203.9

+980

204.0 - 206.0

+1000

206.1 - 208.1

+1020

208.2 - 210.2

+1040

210.3 - 212.3

+1060

212.4 - 214.4

+1080

214.5 - 216.5

+1100

216.6 - 218.6

+1120

Continued

Continued

(5) A monthly composite index shall be determined by dividing the sum of the index numbers of the six factors shown in subsections (a x 1), (b x 1), (c x 1), (d x 1), (e x 1), (f x 2) of this subparagraph by seven. The latest available published monthly data for any of the above six factors shall be used in determining the monthly index number.

a. The U.S. Index of prices paid, taxes, and farm wage rates, as published in "Agricultural Prices" by the U.S.D.A.

b. The U.S. Index of prices received as published in "Agricultural Prices" by the U.S.D.A.

c. The average price per ton paid by Virginia farmers for 16% dairy feed, as published in "Agricultural Prices" by the U.S.D.A.

d. The average cost of the market basket for Richmond-Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth, as published in "The Market Basket and Retail Food Prices" by the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry.

e. The average weekly earnings of workers in Virginia manufacturing industries, as published in "Trends in Employment Hours and Earnings Virginia and Statistical Metropolitan Areas" by the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry.

f. An average of the prevailing Class I prices in Raleigh, North Carolina; Metropolitan Washington, D.C.; Winston Salem, North Carolina; Bristol, Virginia; and Charleston, West Virginia.

(6) The six-month average, November 1973 through April 1974, shall equal 100 for each of the above factors for the purpose of determining the monthly index number for each factor.

(7) The current month's Class I price adjustment, if any, shall be determined by a bi-monthly composite index which shall be a simple average of the monthly composite indices of the second and third preceding months.

(8) On or before the 23rd day of each month, the agency shall determine the Class I butterfat, skim and net prices for the following month and announce same to all licensed processing general distributors and on the same date the agency will announce the Class II skim, butterfat and net prices.

Effective May 1, 1995, the following modifications to the indexes will be utilized in determining the monthly composite index used in calculating the Class I price for Virginia State Milk Commission marketing areas pursuant to subdivisions A 1 (1) through (7) of this section:

The U.S. Index of prices paid, taxes, and farm wage rates as published in "Agricultural Prices" by the U.S.D.A. will be determined by using the monthly movement of the reweighted and reconstructed prices paid index (PPITW) as published by the U.S.D.A. The monthly movement of the new prices paid index (PPITW) will be applied each month to the preceding month's revised index of prices paid, taxes, and farm wage rates using December 1994 as the base month.

The U.S. Index of prices received as published in "Agricultural Prices" by the U.S.D.A. will be determined by using the monthly movement of the reweighted and reconstructed prices received index as published by the U.S.D.A. The monthly movement of the new prices received index will be applied each month to the preceding month's revised index of prices received using December 1994 as the base month.

The average price per ton paid by all Virginia farmers for 16% dairy feed as published in "Agricultural Prices" by the U.S.D.A. will be determined by using the monthly movement of the index of prices paid, production items, complete feeds as published by the U.S.D.A. The monthly movement of this index will be applied each month to the preceding month's index of 16% dairy feed, Appalachian using April 1995 as the base month.

The authoritative publisher of the Market Basket for Richmond-Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth will be the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. The resultant index numbers derived from the above calculations will be utilized as specified in the cited regulation.

2. Class I-A. The price used in computing each distributor's obligation for producer milk (of 3.5% butterfat) allocated to Class I-A shall be the Class II skim, butterfat, and net prices.

3. Class II. The price per cwt. for all markets shall be the monthly Class II price announced by the market administrator of appropriate marketing area.

4. The total value of base deliveries made in accordance with 2VAC15-20-50 B 2 shall be discounted in accordance with the following procedure to reflect the cost savings of transporting, storing and handling of producer milk on a uniform daily basis:

a. Subtract from each cooperative association's total pounds of base deliveries allocated to Class I sales for each delivery period an amount equal to twice the sum of the differences between the pounds of assigned daily base and the pounds of daily base deliveries which are less than the pounds of assigned daily base for each day during the delivery period.

b. The net hundredweight (not less than zero) resulting from the above procedure multiplied by $0.11 will be the amount of discount for base deliveries during the delivery period.

5. No milk shall be sold or offered for sale by producers or their agents at prices other than those established except milk that is certified by USDA as organic. Milk certified as organic by USDA may have premiums negotiated at a higher price than that announced by the commission.

B. Butterfat testing. Butterfat testing shall be conducted in accordance with the following procedure:

1. General distributors shall determine the average butterfat content of all assigned producer milk delivered by each producer who is not a member of a cooperative association, as defined in 2VAC15-20-10, by four or more tests made at approximately equal intervals during each delivery period.

2. All assigned producer milk accompanied by a bill of lading that is delivered by a cooperative association to a licensed distributor and is accepted by the distributor shall be paid for by the distributor at a rate that is determined by the butterfat test specified on the bill of lading accompanying the load of milk.

3. The butterfat content of all assigned cooperative association milk delivered by methods other than specified in subdivision 2 of this subsection, shall be determined in accordance with procedures specified by the agency if mutual agreement between the cooperative association and the distributor cannot be reached as to the butterfat content of such deliveries.

4. All sampling and testing shall be conducted by persons licensed by the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. These tests shall be made by the Babcock Test, or other tests approved by that department, and shall, as directed by the approving authority, be subject to check tests made by a licensed tester.

C. Time of payment.

1. On or before the 23rd day of a delivery period, general distributors shall make a partial payment to producers or cooperative associations of producers for base deliveries received during the first 15 days of the delivery period. The partial payment shall be not less than an amount determined by multiplying the previous month's Class II skim, butterfat or net price for 3.5% milk by the hundredweight of base deliveries for the first 15 days of the delivery period; provided full and final payment for the preceding delivery period was made in accordance with subdivision 2 of this subsection, otherwise the partial payment shall be not less than an amount determined by multiplying the current Class I skim, butterfat and net prices for 3.5% milk by the hundredweight of base deliveries for the first 15 days of the delivery period.

2. On or before the 16th day following the close of a delivery period, state regulated general distributors shall make full and final payment to producers or cooperative associations of producers for deliveries received during such delivery period pursuant to this chapter. Fully federally regulated general distributors shall make full and final payment to producers or cooperative associations of producers for deliveries received during such delivery period pursuant to the applicable provisions of the order in which they are pooled. Payment shall be made so that it is received by the dates applicable to state order and federal order plants.

3. Certified or registered mail may be required for all U.S. Postal Service deliveries of producer payments made by general distributors pursuant to subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection when directed in writing by the agency.

4. The approving authority may, after a hearing, require individual general distributors to make settlement with producers or cooperative associations of producers for deliveries at intervals other than provided in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection.

5. All licensed producers or association of producers supplying base deliveries to processing general distributors located in Norfolk, Portsmouth, Hampton, Newport News or Chesapeake shall be allocated $0.10 per hundredweight from the total monthly Eastern Market Class I producer payments. This allocation shall be made prorata in accordance with the monthly base deliveries to the processing general distributors located in the aforementioned cities.

6. Before the 15th day of each month, the agency shall determine the required monthly equalization payments and give written notice to all affected parties of the amounts payable. The monthly equalization payments shall be made to the Milk Commission Equalization Fund no later than the 25th day of the month subsequent to the end of each delivery period. On or before the last day of each month, the agency shall disburse all funds (less a balance necessary to pay all bank charges) paid in during the current month in accordance with subdivision 5 of this subsection.

D. Redistribution of producer losses. When the approving authority is satisfied that when one or more licensed distributors is unable, due to bankruptcy or receivership, to fulfill the financial obligation to producers and/or cooperative associations of producers for base deliveries, the approving authority may authorize the establishment of a temporary producer redistribution fund to reallocate a distributor's deficient financial obligation.

1. When it is determined that an obligation for base milk deliveries cannot be satisfied, the distributor(s), producer(s) or cooperative associations of producers involved shall notify the approving authority within five working days of a voluntary filing or adjudication of bankruptcy or receivership, or within five working days of August 1, 1991, for licensed distributors currently in bankruptcy or receivership. This notification shall be in writing accompanied by copies of pertinent court documents.

2. The producer funded redistribution of losses of an unfulfilled obligation of base deliveries shall be limited to an amount not to exceed the unsecured value of base deliveries calculated in accordance with this chapter.

3. A producer funded redistribution rate shall be established which will be the lesser of the actual dollar loss under subdivision 2 of this subsection or the dollars generated by a rate not in excess of 0.10/cwt., levied on producer's and/or cooperative associations of producers' monthly Class I allocated base deliveries for a period not to exceed 12 months for each bankruptcy. Each distributor shall remit to the agency no later than the 15th of each month the amount collected in accordance with this subdivision applicable to the prior month's delivery period at the rate established by the approving authority.

4. The agency shall disburse all redistribution funds, net of applicable bank charges, collected each month for the redistribution fund by the last day of the month. Funds will be disbursed prorata in relationship to the loss incurred by producers and/or cooperative associations of producers, less applicable bank charges.

5. Producers or cooperative associations of producers shall assign to the agency that portion of their loss claim which pertains to the value of redistributed funds paid on Virginia base deliveries by the agency in order to participate in the producer redistribution fund.

6. Any overpayment or recovery of loss claims assigned to the agency by producers or cooperative associations of producers to the producer redistribution fund shall be disbursed to producers or cooperative associations of producers on a prorata basis of payments made to the fund.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-3204 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 16, Issue 09, eff. January 1, 2000; amended, Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 14, eff. March 1, 2001; Volume 24, Issue 16, eff. April 14, 2008.

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