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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 390. Rules and Regulations for the Enforcement of the Virginia Seed Law
7/4/2022

2VAC5-390-40. Labeling treated seed.

A. Contents of label. All seed "treated" as defined by § 3.2-4000 of the Code of Virginia, shall be labeled in type no smaller than eight points to indicate that such seed has been treated and to show the name of any substance or a description of any process (other than application of a substance) used to treat such seed, for example:

Treated with -(Name of substance or process)

or -(Name of substance or process) treated.

If the substance used in such treatment in the amount remaining with the seed is harmful to humans or other vertebrate animals, the seed shall also bear a label containing statements as specified by subsections C and D below. The label shall contain the required information in any form that is clearly legible and complies with this chapter. The information may be on the analysis tag, on a separate tag, or printed on the container in a conspicuous manner.

B. Name of substance. The name of any substance as required by subsection A of this section shall be commonly accepted coined, chemical (generic), or abbreviated chemical name. Commonly accepted coined names are not private trademarks and are free for use by the public and are commonly recognized as names of particular substances such as thiram, captan, lindane, and dichlone. Examples of commonly accepted chemical (generic) names are: bluestone, calcium carbonate, cuprous oxide, zinc hydroxide, hexachlorobenzene and ethyl mercury acetate. The terms "mercury" or "mercurial" may be used to represent all types of mercurial compounds. Examples of commonly accepted abbreviated chemical names are: BHC (1,2,3,4,5,6, Hexachloroclolexane) and DDT (dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane)

C. Mercurials and similarly toxic substance.

1. Seeds treated with a mercurial or similarly toxic substance, if any amount whatsoever remains with the seed, shall be labeled to show a representation of a skull and crossbones at least twice the size of the type used for information required to be on the label under subsection A and shall also include in red letters on a background of distinctly contrasting color a statement substantially as follows: "Treated with Poison," "Poison treated," or "Poison." Such treatment shall appear in type no smaller than eight points.

2. Substances similarly toxic to mercurials include the following: Aldrin (technical); demeton; dieldrin; endrin; heptachlor; O, O-diethyl S-(ethylthiomethyl) phosphorodithiolate; and O, O-diethyl S-2 (ethylthio) ethyl phosphorodithiolate. Any amount of such substances remaining with the seed shall be considered harmful to humans and other vertebrate animals.

D. Other harmful substances. If any substance, other than one which would be classified as a mercurial or similarly toxic substance under subsection C., is used in the treatment of seed; the amount remaining with the seed is considered harmful to humans or other vertebrate animals unless the seed is in containers of four ounces or less. Seed treated with such substances shall be labeled with an appropriate caution statement in type no smaller than eight points worded substantially as follows: "Do not use for food," "Do not use for feed," "Do not use for oil purposes," or "Do not use for food, feed, or oil purposes." This subsection applies to all chemical substances not within subsection C. except that the following substances shall not be deemed harmful when present at a rate less than the number of parts per million indicated:

Allethrin - 2 p.p.m.

Malathion - 8 p.p.m.

Methoxyclor - 8 p.p.m.

Piperonyl butoxide - 20 p.p.m. except 8 p.p.m. on Oat and Sorghum.

Pyrethrins -- 3 p.p.m. except 1 p.p.m. on Oat and Sorghum.

E. Weight of treatment substance. When the weight of treatment substances added exceed 1.0% of the net weight of seed, the rate of treatment must be given on the analysis tag.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-4001 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-04-09 § 4, eff. November 13, 1985; amended, Virginia Register Volume 2, Issue 4, eff. December 24, 1985; Volume 2, Issue 17, eff. June 25, 1986; Volume 3, Issue 1, eff. November 12, 1986; Volume 7, Issue 7, eff. January 31, 1991; Volume 25, Issue 11, eff. March 4, 2009.

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