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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department Of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 690. Regulations for Pesticide Containers and Containment under Authority of the Virginia Pesticide Control Act
11/30/2021

2VAC5-690-90. Refillable container standards.

A. In this section, the term "pesticide product" or "pesticide" refers only to a pesticide product or a pesticide that is subject to the regulations in Part III of this chapter as described in 2VAC5-690-80 A through F.

B. A pesticide product that does not meet the definition of a hazardous material in 49 CFR 171.8 must be packaged in a refillable container that, if portable, is designed, constructed, and marked to comply with the requirements of 49 CFR 173.4, 49 CFR 173.5, 49 CFR 173.6, 49 CFR 173.24, 49 CFR 173.24a, 49 CFR 173.24b, 49 CFR 173.28, 49 CFR 173.155, 49 CFR 173.203, 49 CFR 173.213, 49 CFR 173.240(c), 49 CFR 173.240(d), 49 CFR 173.241(c), 49 CFR 173.241(d), 49 CFR Part 178, and 49 CFR Part 180 that are applicable to a Packing Group III material, or, if subject to a special permit, according to the applicable requirements of 49 CFR Part 107 Subpart B. The requirements in this subsection apply to the pesticide product as it is packaged for transportation in commerce.

C. A refiller is not required to comply with 49 CFR 173.28(b)(2) for pesticide products that are not USDOT hazardous materials if the refillable container to be reused complies with the refillable container regulations in Part III (2VAC5-690-70 et seq.) of this chapter and the refilling is done in compliance with the repackaging regulations in Part IV (2VAC5-690-110 et seq.) of this chapter.

D. A registrant's refillable containers must comply with the following standards if the registrant's pesticide product is a USDOT hazardous material as defined in 49 CFR 171.8:

1. The USDOT requires the pesticide product to be packaged according to 49 CFR Part 171 through 49 CFR Part 180 or, if subject to a special permit, according to the applicable requirements of 49 CFR Part 107 Subpart B.

2. The pesticide product must be packaged in a refillable container that, if portable, is designed, constructed, and marked to comply with the requirements of 49 CFR Part 171 through 49 CFR Part 180 or, if subject to a special permit, according to the applicable requirements of 49 CFR Part 107 Subpart B. The requirements in this subsection apply to the pesticide product as it is packaged for transportation in commerce.

E. Each refillable container must be marked in a durable and clearly visible manner with a serial number or other identifying code that will distinguish the individual container from all other containers. Durable marking includes, but is not limited to, etching, embossing, ink jetting, stamping, heat stamping, mechanically attaching a plate, molding, and marking with durable ink. The serial number or other identifying code must be located on the outside part of the container except on a closure. Placement on the label or labeling is not sufficient unless the label is an integral, permanent part of or permanently stamped on the container.

F. For any refillable container that is a portable pesticide container, is designed to hold liquid pesticide formulations, and is not a cylinder that complies with the USDOT Hazardous Materials Regulations in 49 CFR Part 171 through 49 CFR Part 180, each opening of the container other than a vent must have a one-way valve, a tamper-evident device, or both. A one-way valve may be located in a device or system separate from the container if the device or system is the only reasonably foreseeable way to withdraw pesticide from the container. A vent must be designed to minimize the amount of material that could be introduced into the container through it.

G. If a stationary pesticide container designed to hold undivided quantities of pesticides equal to or greater than 500 gallons (1,890 liters) of liquid pesticide or equal to or greater than 4,000 pounds (1,818 kilograms) of dry pesticide is located at the refilling establishment of a refiller operating under written contract to a registrant, the stationary pesticide container must meet the following standards:

1. Except during a civil emergency or any unanticipated grave natural disaster or other natural phenomenon of an exceptional, inevitable, and irresistible character, the effects of which could not have been prevented or avoided by the exercise of due care or foresight, each stationary pesticide container (for liquid and dry pesticides) and its appurtenances must meet both of the following standards:

a. Each stationary pesticide container and its appurtenances must be resistant to extreme changes in temperature and constructed of materials that are adequately thick to not fail and that are resistant to corrosion, puncture, or cracking.

b. Each stationary pesticide container must be capable of withstanding all operating stresses, taking into account static heat, pressure buildup from pumps and compressors, and any other foreseeable mechanical stresses to which the container may be subjected in the course of operations.

2. Each stationary container of liquid pesticides must meet all of the following standards:

a. Each stationary container of liquid pesticides must be equipped with a vent or other device designed to relieve excess pressure, prevent losses by evaporation, and exclude precipitation.

b. External sight gauges, which are pesticide-containing hoses or tubes that run vertically along the exterior of the container from the top to the bottom, are prohibited on stationary containers of liquid pesticides.

c. Each connection on a stationary container of liquid pesticides that is below the normal liquid level must be equipped with a shutoff valve that is capable of being locked closed. A shutoff valve must be located within a secondary containment unit if one is required by Part V (2VAC5-690-160 et seq.) of this chapter.

H. As established in 40 CFR 165.45(g) and 40 CFR 165.45(h), a registrant may obtain from EPA a waiver from or a modification to some of the refillable container standards.

Statutory Authority

§ 3.2-3906 of the Code of Virginia; 40 CFR Part 165.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 6, eff. January 2, 2014; Errata 30:8 VA.R. 1149 December 16, 2013.

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