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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 2. Agriculture
Agency 5. Department of Agriculture And Consumer Services
Chapter 70. Health Requirements Governing the Control of Equine Infectious Anemia in Virginia
5/18/2022

2VAC5-70-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meaning, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Accredited veterinarian" means a licensed veterinarian approved by the United States Department of Agriculture/Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (hereinafter referred to as USDA-APHIS) and State Veterinarian.

"Approved laboratory" means a laboratory approved by USDA-APHIS or the State Veterinarian to conduct the official test for equine infectious anemia.

"Approved veterinarian" means a state-federal regulatory veterinarian, an accredited veterinarian, or other veterinarian approved by the State Veterinarian for special testing.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

"Equine Infectious Anemia" (EIA or Swamp Fever) means a contagious and infectious disease of horses, characterized by a variety of symptoms related to anemia. It may be acute, subacute, or chronic in nature and may terminate in death. The virus remains in the blood of infected animals throughout their lifetime. The virus may be spread from horse to horse via biting flies, mosquitoes, hypodermic needles, or blood-letting procedures.

"Horse" includes all horselike animals embracing all members of the equine species including horses, ponies, the asinine species, and burros. It also includes hybrid offspring of the equine and asinine species by whatever name they may be known, such as mules, hinnies, and donkeys.

"Interstate health certificate" means a legible record covering the health requirements for importing of horses into Virginia, executed on an approved form of the state of origin, and bearing the endorsement of the livestock health official of that state.

"Licensed veterinarian" means a veterinarian who has graduated from a recognized college of veterinary medicine and has been examined and found proficient by the Virginia State Board of Veterinary Medicine.

"Official test" means the agar gel immunodiffusion test (Coggins AGID).

"Reactor" means a horse over eight months of age that reacts positively to an official test performed by an approved laboratory.

"State-Federal Regulatory Veterinarian" means a veterinarian employed by the State Veterinarian or USDA-APHIS.

"State Veterinarian" means a Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services veterinarian employed by the Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services who is responsible for the animal health programs in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

"Veterinary services" means services of USDA-APHIS.

Statutory Authority

§§ 3.2-6001 through 3.2-6004 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR115-02-05 § 1, eff. November 27, 1985.

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