Administrative Code

Creating a Report: Check the sections you'd like to appear in the report, then use the "Create Report" button at the bottom of the page to generate your report. Once the report is generated you'll then have the option to download it as a pdf, print or email the report.

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 30. Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services
Chapter 40. Protections of Participants in Human Research
1/23/2020

22VAC30-40-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Affiliated with the covered entity" means employed by the covered entity or a member of a household containing an employee of the covered entity.

"Agent" means any individual performing department-designated activities or exercising department-delegated authority or responsibility.

"Assent" means a child's affirmative agreement to participate in research. Mere failure to object should not, absent affirmative agreement, be construed as assent.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services.

"Covered entity" means the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services, the Wilson Workforce and Rehabilitation Center, sheltered workshops, or independent living centers.

"Department" means the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services.

"Guardian" means an individual who is authorized under applicable state or local law to consent on behalf of a minor to general medical care.

"Human Research Review Committee" or "HRRC" means the committee established in accordance with and for the purposes expressed in this chapter.

"HRRC approval" means the determination of the HRRC that the research has been reviewed and may be conducted within the constraints set forth by the HRRC and by other department, state, and federal requirements.

"Human participant or human subject" means a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains:

1. Data through intervention or interaction with the individual; or

2. Identifiable private information.

"Human subject research" means a systematic investigation, experiment, study, evaluation, demonstration or survey designed to develop or contribute to general knowledge (basic research) or specific knowledge (applied research) in which a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual or obtains identifiable private information.

"Identifiable private information" means information about behavior that occurs in a context in which an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or recording is taking place, and information that has been provided for specific purposes by an individual and that the individual can reasonably expect will not be made public (e.g., a medical record or social security number). Private information must be individually identifiable (i.e., the identity of the subject is or may readily be ascertained by the investigator or associated with the information) to constitute research involving human subjects.

"Independent living center" means a consumer-controlled, community-based, cross disability, nonresidential private nonprofit agency that:

1. Is designed and operated within a local community by individuals with disabilities; and

2. Provides an array of independent living services.

"Informed consent" means a process by which the investigator fully explains the research activities and ensures that the prospective subject has sufficient opportunity to ask questions and has sufficient time to make a decision whether or not to participate in the research prior to signing the HRRC-approved written consent document. Informed consent must be prospectively obtained without coercion, include all of the basic elements of informed consent as specified in 22VAC30-40-100 B, be legally effective, contain no exculpatory language, and as required, include the additional elements of informed consent specified in 22VAC30-40-100 C.

"Institution" means any public or private entity or agency (including federal, state, and other agencies).

"Interaction" means communication or interpersonal contact between investigator and subject.

"Intervention" means both physical procedures by which data are gathered (e.g., venipuncture) and manipulations of the subject or subject's environment that are performed for research purposes.

"Investigator" means the person, whether professional or student, who conducts the research.

"Legally authorized representative," as defined in § 32.1-162.16 of the Code of Virginia, means, in the following specified order of priority:

1. The parent or parents having custody of a prospective subject who is a minor;

2. The agent appointed under an advance directive, as defined in § 54.1-2982 of the Code of Virginia, executed by the prospective subject, provided the advance directive authorizes the agent to make decisions regarding the prospective subject's participation in human research;

3. The legal guardian of a prospective subject;

4. The spouse of the prospective subject, except where a suit for divorce has been filed and the divorce decree is not yet final;

5. An adult child of the prospective subject;

6. A parent of the prospective subject when the subject is an adult;

7. An adult brother or sister of the prospective subject; or

8. Any person or judicial or other body authorized by law or regulation to consent on behalf of a prospective subject to such subject's participation in the particular human research.

For the purposes of this definition, any person authorized by law or regulation to consent on behalf of a prospective subject to such subject's participation in the particular human research shall include an attorney-in-fact appointed under a durable power of attorney, to the extent the power grants the authority to make such a decision. The attorney-in-fact shall not be employed by the person, institution, or agency conducting the human research. No official or employee of the institution or agency conducting or authorizing the research shall be qualified to act as a legally authorized representative.

"Minimal risk" means that the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests.

"Minor," as defined in § 1-207 of the Code of Virginia, means an individual who is less than 18 years of age.

"Nontherapeutic research" means human subject research in which there is no reasonable expectation of direct benefit to the physical or mental condition of the subject.

"Parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent.

"Permission" means the agreement of parent(s) or a legally authorized representative to the participation of their minor or ward in research.

"Private information" means information about behavior that occurs in a context in which an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or recording is taking place, or information that has been provided for specific purposes by an individual and that the individual can reasonably expect will not be made public (e.g., a medical record). Private information must be individually identifiable (i.e., the identity of the human participant is or may readily be ascertained by the investigator or associated with the information) in order for obtaining the information to constitute research involving human participants.

"Research" means a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge (basic research) or specific knowledge (applied research). Activities that meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this chapter, whether or not they are supported or funded under a program that is considered research for other purposes. For example, some "demonstration" and "service" programs may include research activities.

"Sheltered workshop" means a program that (i) provides directly or facilitates the provision of one or more vocational rehabilitation services enumerated in 34 CFR 361.5(b)(9)(i) to individuals with disabilities to enable them to maximize their opportunities for employment, including career advancement; (ii) has a vendor relationship with the department; and (iii) is not operated by a community services board.

Statutory Authority

§§ 51.5-131 and 51.5-132 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 16, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2000; amended, Virginia Register Volume 21, Issue 16, eff. May 18, 2005; Volume 25, Issue 21, eff. July 22, 2009; Volume 28, Issue 24, eff. August 30, 2012; Volume 31, Issue 21, eff. July 15, 2015.

Website addresses provided in the Virginia Administrative Code to documents incorporated by reference are for the reader's convenience only, may not necessarily be active or current, and should not be relied upon. To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation.

As a service to the public, the Virginia Administrative Code is provided online by the Virginia General Assembly. We are unable to answer legal questions or respond to requests for legal advice, including application of law to specific fact. To understand and protect your legal rights, you should consult an attorney.