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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 30. Department For Aging And Rehabilitative Services
Chapter 40. Protections of Participants in Human Research

22VAC30-40-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Affiliated with the covered entity" means employed by the covered entity or a member of a household containing an employee of the covered entity.

"Agent" means an individual performing department-designated activities or exercising department-delegated authority or responsibility.

"Area agency on aging" means the government-sponsored or private nonprofit agency created pursuant to the federal Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 USC § 3001 et seq.), which has submitted a department-approved Area Plan for Aging Services and is designated by contract with the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services to develop and administer its Area Plan for Aging Services as approved for a comprehensive and coordinated system of services for older persons.

"Assent" means a child's affirmative agreement to participate in research. Mere failure to object, absent affirmative agreement, shall not be construed as assent.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services or the commissioner's designee.

"Covered entity" means the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services, the Wilson Workforce and Rehabilitation Center, area agencies on aging, sheltered workshops, or independent living centers.

"Department" means the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services.

"Guardian" means an individual who is authorized under applicable state or local law to consent on behalf of a minor to general medical care.

"Human Research Review Committee" or "HRRC" means the committee established in accordance with and for the purposes expressed in this chapter.

"HRRC approval" means the determination of the HRRC that the research has been reviewed and may be conducted within the constraints set forth by the HRRC and by other department, state, and federal requirements.

"Human participant" or "human subject" means a living individual about whom an investigator, whether professional or student, conducting research obtains:

1. Data through intervention or interaction with the individual; or

2. Identifiable private information.

"Human subject research" means a systematic investigation, experiment, study, evaluation, demonstration, or survey designed to develop or contribute to general knowledge (basic research) or specific knowledge (applied research) in which a living individual about whom an investigator, whether professional or student, conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual or obtains identifiable private information.

"Identifiable private information" means private information for which the identity of the subject is or may readily be ascertained by the investigator or associated with the information.

"Independent living center" means a consumer-controlled, community-based, cross disability, nonresidential private nonprofit agency that:

1. Is designed and operated within a local community by individuals with disabilities; and

2. Provides an array of independent living services.

"Informed consent" means a process by which the investigator fully explains the research activities and ensures that the prospective subject has sufficient opportunity to ask questions and has sufficient time to make a decision whether or not to participate in the research prior to signing the HRRC-approved written consent document. Informed consent shall be prospectively obtained without coercion and in accordance with 22VAC30-40-100.

"Institution" means any public or private entity or agency, including federal, state, and other agencies.

"Interaction" means communication or interpersonal contact between investigator and subject.

"Intervention" means both physical procedures by which data are gathered (e.g., venipuncture) and manipulations of the subject or the subject's environment that are performed for research purposes.

"Investigator" means the person, whether professional or student, who conducts the research.

"IRB" means an institutional review board.

"Legally authorized representative," as defined in § 32.1-162.16 of the Code of Virginia, means, in the following specified order of priority:

1. The parent or parents having custody of a prospective subject who is a minor;

2. The agent appointed under an advance directive, as defined in § 54.1-2982 of the Code of Virginia, executed by the prospective subject, provided the advance directive authorizes the agent to make decisions regarding the prospective subject's participation in human research;

3. The legal guardian of a prospective subject;

4. The spouse of the prospective subject, except where a suit for divorce has been filed and the divorce decree is not yet final;

5. An adult child of the prospective subject;

6. A parent of the prospective subject, when the subject is an adult;

7. An adult sibling of the prospective subject; or

8. Any person or judicial or other body authorized by law or regulation to consent on behalf of a prospective subject to the subject's participation in the particular human research.

For the purposes of this definition, any person authorized by law or regulation to consent on behalf of a prospective subject to the subject's participation in the particular human research shall include an attorney-in-fact appointed under a durable power of attorney, to the extent the power grants the authority to make such a decision. The attorney-in-fact shall not be employed by the person, institution, or agency conducting the human research. No official or employee of the institution or agency conducting or authorizing the research shall be qualified to act as a legally authorized representative.

"Minimal risk" means that the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests.

"Minor," as defined in § 1-207 of the Code of Virginia, means an individual who is younger than 18 years of age.

"Nontherapeutic research" means human subject research in which there is no reasonable expectation of direct benefit to the physical or mental condition of the subject.

"Parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent.

"Permission" means the agreement of a parent or parents or a legally authorized representative to the participation of their minor or ward in research.

"Private information" means information about behavior that occurs in a context in which an individual can reasonably expect that no observation or recording is taking place, or information that has been provided for specific purposes by an individual and that the individual can reasonably expect will not be made public (e.g., a medical record).

"Research" means a systematic investigation designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge (basic research) or specific knowledge (applied research). Activities that meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this chapter, whether or not they are supported or funded under a program that is considered research for other purposes. For example, some "demonstration" and "service" programs may include research activities.

"Sheltered workshop" means a program that (i) provides directly or facilitates the provision of one or more vocational rehabilitation services enumerated in 34 CFR 361.5(c)(7)(i) to individuals with disabilities to enable them to maximize their opportunities for employment, including career advancement; (ii) has a vendor relationship with the department; and (iii) is not operated by a community services board.

"Written" or "in writing" means text or other human communication on a tangible medium (e.g., paper) or in an electronic format.

Statutory Authority

§§ 51.5-131 and 51.5-132 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 10, eff. March 1, 2000; amended, Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 21, eff. July 22, 2009; Volume 36, Issue 17, eff. May 14, 2020; Volume 37, Issue 4, eff. November 12, 2020.

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