Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 8. Education
Agency 20. State Board of Education
Chapter 780. Standards for Licensed Child Day Centers
12/5/2022

8VAC20-780-355. Staff-to-children ratio requirements for therapeutic and special needs program staff.

A. For therapeutic child day programs, in each grouping of children of preschool age or younger, the following ratios of staff to children are required according to the special needs of the children in care:

1. For children with severe and profound disabilities, multiple special needs, serious medical need, or serious emotional disturbance: one staff member to three children.

2. For children diagnosed as having an intellectual disability with significant sub-average intellectual functioning and deficits in adaptive behavior, or with physical and sensory disabilities, or with autism: one staff member to four children.

3. For children diagnosed as having an intellectual disability in the mild range of development, children with a developmental delay, or children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): one staff member to five children.

4. For children diagnosed with specific learning disabilities: one staff member to six children.

5. When children with varied special needs are included in a group, the staff-to-children ratio applicable to the child with the most significant special need in the group shall apply to the entire group.

6. Whenever 8VAC20-780-350 B requires more staff than 8VAC20-780-355 A because of the children's ages, 8VAC20-780-350 B shall take precedence over 8VAC20-780-355 A.

B. For therapeutic child day programs, in each grouping of school age children, the following ratios of staff to children are required according to the special needs of the children in care:

1. For children with severe and profound disabilities, autism, multiple special needs, serious medical need, or serious emotional disturbance: one staff member to four children.

2. For children diagnosed as having an intellectual disability with significant sub-average intellectual functioning and deficits in adaptive behavior, or with physical and sensory disabilities, ADHD, or other health impairments: one staff member to five children.

3. For children diagnosed as having an intellectual disability in the mild range of development, or developmentally delayed: one staff member to six children.

4. For children diagnosed with specific learning disabilities or speech or language impairments: one staff member to eight children.

5. When children with varied special needs are included in a group, the staff-to-children ratio applicable to the child with the most significant special need in the group shall apply to the entire group.

C. Group size requirements in 8VAC20-780-350 A do not apply to therapeutic child day programs.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-289.046 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 38, Issue 2, eff. October 13, 2021.

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