Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 4. Conservation and Natural Resources
Agency 20. Marine Resources Commission
3/30/2020

Chapter 345. General Wetlands Permit for Emergency Situations

4VAC20-345-10. Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to provide an expedited process for the issuance of general wetlands permits to allow applicants to stabilize nonvegetated shorelines during emergency situations following a determination that there is a threat to public or private property or to the health and safety of the public.

Statutory Authority

§§ 28.2-103 and 28.2-1307 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 15, eff. March 1, 1998.

4VAC20-345-20. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Chairman" means the chairman of a local wetland board.

"Commission" means the Marine Resources Commission.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Marine Resources.

"Emergency" means that a significant man-made structure is in clear and imminent danger from continued erosion or storm damage due to severe wave action or storm surge, or the existing condition is a direct result of catastrophic erosion or other rapid or unusual loss of land attributable to a specific storm event or natural calamity.

"Structure" means a man-made permanent construction installed in or on the property (e.g., dwellings, garages, commercial buildings, septic systems, or adjacent erosion control structures).

"Wetlands board" or "board" means a local wetlands board created pursuant to § 28.2-1303 of the Code of Virginia.

Statutory Authority

§§ 28.2-103 and 28.2-1307 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 15, eff. March 1, 1998; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 18, eff. May 4, 1998.

4VAC20-345-30. Authority and applicability.

A. At present, the only emergency authorization is that provided in subdivision 8 of § 3 of § 28.2-1302 of the Code of Virginia. That section of the model wetlands zoning ordinance provides statutory authorization for "emergency measures decreed by any duly appointed health officer of a governmental subdivision acting to protect the public health." This authorization has rarely been invoked. Even if it were, it would not likely address the type of shoreline erosion situations that might arise as a result of a significant coastal storm event. This chapter is designed to establish the criteria and qualifications for an emergency wetlands general permit. It also sets forth the procedures and conditions for applying for and the processing of an emergency wetlands permit.

B. A principal objective of this general wetlands permit is a streamlined application and public interest review process whereby waterfront property owners can obtain authorization to install a shoreline protection structure or reinstall or repair previously authorized shoreline protection structures. If applying to replace a shoreline structure that was destroyed by a storm event (e.g., bulkhead or revetment), the previous structure must have been intact and serviceable prior to the storm event.

C. Erosion must be ongoing and a determination made that failure to act in an expeditious manner will threaten either the applicant's property or adjoining properties or has the potential to adversely impact the public health, safety or welfare. In general, this will require that a dwelling or some other structure be located within 50 feet of the mean high water shoreline. The waterfront property owner must apply for the general wetlands permit within 30 days of the significant storm event or emergency cited.

D. The general wetlands permit is valid only in those localities which have elected to adopt and locally administer the tidal wetlands zoning ordinance. In addition, the provisions of the state general wetlands permit shall not conflict with any other federal permits (nationwide or regional) or authorizations that govern emergency activities in tidal wetlands. The general wetlands permit may not be used to authorize any new groin or jetty structure.

E. This general permit shall not apply in areas where a coastal primary sand dune or beach permit would also be required for a given project pursuant to Chapter 14 (§ 28.2-1400 et seq.) of Title 28.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Statutory Authority

§§ 28.2-103 and 28.2-1307 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 15, eff. March 1, 1998.

4VAC20-345-40. Procedures for issuing permit.

A. The commissioner or his designee, Chief, Habitat Management Division, will oversee administration of the provisions of the general wetlands permit.

B. An approved Local-State-Federal Permit Application form, or the abbreviated General Permit #4 Application form, must be completed and filed in accordance with the instructions contained therein. This application may be submitted directly to the chairman or board in those localities that have adopted and are locally administering the local wetlands zoning ordinance.

C. The board chairman, or vice-chairman in his absence, is empowered to issue the general wetlands permit upon a finding by the local wetlands board that:

1. An emergency exists and vegetated wetlands would not be impacted by the project. This finding shall be verified by a subsequent site inspection of the property by at least two members of the board.

2. The environmental impacts associated with issuance of the general wetlands permit are minimal and fall below a predetermined threshold or level of resource impacted. This level of impact will be an average of one square foot per running foot of shoreline.

3. The activities authorized under the general wetlands permit will have minimal impact on any adjoining property owner. In the event potential impacts are deemed to exceed this minimum, written concurrence by the adjoining property owner will be required.

4. The proposed structure, and its placement, meet standard regulatory guidelines and would, in the opinion of the chairman, likely be authorized or approved by the other state and federal regulatory agencies.

5. The proposed stabilization, materials and the encroachment sought are the minimum necessary to address the situation.

D. If the chairman determines that issuance of the general wetlands permit is in the public interest, the requirement for advertisement and public hearing will be satisfied.

E. Within 48 hours of his determination, the chairman shall notify the commissioner of his finding and intent to issue the general wetlands permit.

F. The commissioner shall review all decisions of the chairman. If within five days of receiving the chairman's notification, the commissioner believes that the decision does not conform with the standards prescribed in § 28.2-1308 of the Code of Virginia, the guidelines promulgated pursuant to § 28.2-1301 of the Code of Virginia, or the purpose and intent of this chapter, he may request that the decision be reviewed by the full board at one of its regularly scheduled public hearings.

G. After public hearing, the commission may revoke the general permit in any locality where it finds that the board's decisions have failed to conform with the standards and guidelines of the Code of Virginia or the purpose and intent of this chapter.

H. The general permit will be valid for a maximum period of 90 days from date of issuance. Failure to commence the project within that time will necessitate submittal of a new application and reevaluation.

I. In the event the waterfront property owner fails to qualify for the general wetlands permit, he may submit the standard joint Local-State-Federal Application form and proceed through the normal public interest review process.

J. A nonrefundable fee may be assessed for each general wetlands permit issued. The permit issuing fee shall be set by the applicable governing body with due regard for the services rendered.

K. The general wetlands permit shall be in writing and must accurately describe the project, including appropriate drawings with sufficient tie-down reference points to enable follow-up compliance checks, and be signed by the chairman.

L. The general wetlands permit may not be used to authorize any new groin or jetty structures.

Statutory Authority

§§ 28.2-103 and 28.2-1307 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 15, eff. March 1, 1998; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 18, eff. May 4, 1998.

Forms (4VAC20-345)

VMRC 30‑300, Local-State-Federal Permit Application Form.



Website addresses provided in the Virginia Administrative Code to documents incorporated by reference are for the reader's convenience only, may not necessarily be active or current, and should not be relied upon. To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation.

As a service to the public, the Virginia Administrative Code is provided online by the Virginia General Assembly. We are unable to answer legal questions or respond to requests for legal advice, including application of law to specific fact. To understand and protect your legal rights, you should consult an attorney.