Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 4. Conservation and Natural Resources
Agency 20. Marine Resources Commission
3/28/2020

Chapter 500. Pertaining to the Catching of Eels

4VAC20-500-10. Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to provide for appropriate conservation of eels, to reduce the possibility of growth overfishing, and to prevent waste of small eels.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR450-01-0064 § 1, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1995.

4VAC20-500-20. Definition.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

"Eel" or "eels," as described in this chapter, means the eel species Anguilla rostrata.

"Elver" means any eel of less than six inches in total length.

"Land" or "landing" means to enter port with eels on board any boat or vessel, to begin offloading eels, or to offload eels.

"Snout" means the most forward projection from a fish's head that includes the upper and lower jaw.

"Total length" means the length of a fish measured from the most forward projection of the snout, with the mouth closed, to the tip of the longer lobe of the tail (caudal) fin, measured with the tail compressed along the midline, using a straight-line measure, not measured over the curve of the body.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR450-01-0064 § 2, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2014; Volume 35, Issue 2, eff. September 1, 2018.

4VAC20-500-30. Rescission.

4VAC20-180-10 is rescinded, and its provisions are amended and readopted in 4VAC20-500-40 of this chapter.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR450-01-0064 § 3, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1995.

4VAC20-500-35. Minimum size limit.

It shall be unlawful for any individual to take, catch, possess, or land any eels less than nine inches in total length.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2014; amended, Virginia Register Volume 35, Issue 2, eff. September 1, 2018.

4VAC20-500-40. Elvers.

It shall be unlawful for any individual to possess elvers; provided however, that elvers may be taken (i) for research only by duly appointed representatives of any institution of higher education in Virginia and by other parties when specifically authorized in writing by the Commissioner of Marine Resources or (ii) by those individuals who are approved for a permit for eel aquaculture by the commission.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR450-01-0064 § 4, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 9, eff. January 1, 1997; Volume 14, Issue 14, eff. March 1, 1998; Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2014.

4VAC20-500-45. Commercial season, permits, and reporting.

A. It shall be unlawful for any individual to harvest, take, catch, possess, or land any eels from September 1 through December 31 from any commercial gear, except from pots and traps.

B. It shall be unlawful for any individual legally licensed as a commercial seafood buyer to purchase or receive any quantity of eel landed in Virginia by any legally licensed harvester without first obtaining an Eel Buyer Permit from the commission.

C. It shall be unlawful for any individual to self-market any eels to any person or business unless that individual possesses a current eel self-market permit obtained from the commission.

D. It shall be unlawful for any eel self-market permittee to fail to report daily landing records of eels to the commission. These reports shall be completed in full and submitted monthly to the Marine Resources Commission no later than the fifth day of the following month.

E. It shall be unlawful for any eel buyer permittee permitted to purchase or receive eels landed in Virginia to fail to provide written reports to the Marine Resources Commission of daily purchases and harvest information on forms provided by the commission. Each eel buyer permittee will provide the commission the date of purchase, the harvester's Commercial Fisherman Registration License number, weight of eels purchased, and gear type. These reports shall be completed in full and submitted monthly to the Marine Resources Commission no later than the fifth day of the following month.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2014; amended Virginia Register Volume 31, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2015.

4VAC20-500-50. Minimum mesh size.

A. It shall be unlawful for any individual to place, set, or fish any eel pot in Virginia tidal waters which has a mesh less than 1/2-inch by 1/2-inch.

B. It shall be unlawful for any individual to place, set, or fish any 1/2-inch by 1/2-inch mesh rectangular or square eel pot unless such pot contains at least one unrestricted 4-inch by 4-inch escape panel consisting of 1/2-inch by 1-inch mesh. In addition, it shall be unlawful for any individual to place, set, or fish any 1/2-inch by 1/2-inch mesh cylindrical eel pot unless such pot contains at least one unrestricted 4-inch square escape panel of 1/2-inch by 1-inch mesh.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR450-01-0064 § 5, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 14, eff. March 1, 1997; Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2014.

4VAC20-500-55. Possession limit.

A. It shall be unlawful for any individual fishing with recreational hook and line, rod and reel, spear, gig, or other recreational gear to possess more than 25 eels per day, except as described in subsection B of this section for charter boats and head boats. When fishing is from a boat or vessel where the entire catch is held in a common hold or container, the possession limit shall be for the boat or vessel and shall be equal to the number of individuals on board legally eligible to fish multiplied by 25, except as described in subsection B of this section for charter boats and head boats. The captain or operator of the boat or vessel shall be responsible for any boat or vessel possession limit. Any eel taken after the possession limit has been reached shall be returned to the water immediately.

B. It shall be unlawful for any captain or mate of any legally licensed charter boat or head boat to possess more than 50 eels per day. When fishing is from a charter boat or head boat, where the entire catch is held in a common hold or container, the possession limit shall be for the charter boat or head boat and shall be equal to the number of captains and mates on board legally eligible to fish multiplied by 50. Passengers on any charter boat or head boat shall possess no more than 25 eels per passenger per day. The captain or operator of the charter boat or head boat shall be responsible for any possession limit. Any eel taken after the possession limit has been reached shall be returned to the water immediately.

C. Possession of any quantity of eel that exceeds the possession limit described in subsection A or B of this section shall be presumed to be for commercial purposes.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 14, eff. March 1, 2000; amended, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2014.

4VAC20-500-60. Penalty.

As set forth in § 28.2-903 of the Code of Virginia, any individual violating any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor, and a second or subsequent violation of any provision of this chapter committed by the same individual within 12 months of a prior violation is a Class 1 misdemeanor.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR450-01-0064 § 6, Virginia Register Volume 11, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1995; amended, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2014.

Forms (4VAC20-500)

American Eel Buyer Reporting Form (undated)



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