Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 4. Conservation and Natural Resources
Agency 20. Marine Resources Commission
3/28/2020

Chapter 995. Pertaining to Commercial Hook-And-Line Fishing

4VAC20-995-10. Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to establish a viable commercial hook-and-line fishery in Virginia tidal waters while minimizing the potential for overharvesting of Virginia's fishery stocks and conflicts with the recreational fishery.

Statutory Authority

§§ 28.2-201 and 28.2-204.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 5, eff. December 1, 1997.

4VAC20-995-15. Definitions.

The following terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context indicates otherwise:

"Crew member list" means those individuals registered to participate in commercial hook-and-line fishing activities with one or more individuals who possess a valid commercial hook-and-line license.

"Immediate family member" means spouse, sibling, parent, child, grandparent, or grandchild.

"Year" means a calendar year.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 27, Issue 8, eff. December 1, 2010; amended, Virginia Register Volume 35, Issue 6, eff. November 2, 2018.

4VAC20-995-20. Entry limitation; catch restrictions; transfers.

A. The sale of commercial hook-and-line licenses shall be limited to registered commercial fishermen meeting either of the following two requirements, except as provided by subsection B of this section:

1. The fisherman shall possess a valid Commercial Fisherman Registration License and eligibility for the commercial hook-and-line license by reporting sales of at least 1,000 pounds of seafood during the course of the previous two calendar years as documented by the commission's mandatory harvest reporting program.

2. The fisherman shall possess a valid and current striped bass permit issued by the Marine Resources Commission in accordance with 4VAC20-252.

B. The fisherman otherwise qualified under subdivision A 1 of this section shall be granted an exemption from the requirement to report sales of at least 1,000 pounds of seafood during the course of the previous two calendar years as documented by the commission's mandatory harvest reporting system when the following conditions are met:

1. Exemptions shall be solely based on a documented medical condition or active military service that prevented the fisherman from fully satisfying the requirements described in subdivision A 1 of this section; and

2. Exemptions shall only be granted by the commissioner or the commissioner's designee.

C. The maximum number of general hook-and-line licenses is established as 200.

D. A random drawing for available commercial hook-and-line licenses shall be held annually should the number of licensees by the fifth day of January in the current calendar year be less than 200. Commercial Fisherman Registration Licensees who have reported sales of at least 1,000 pounds of seafood harvest during the course of the previous two calendar years by the fifth day of January of the current calendar year, as documented by the commission's mandatory harvest reporting program, but who do not currently possess a commercial hook-and-line license shall be eligible for the random drawing.

E. Persons who are eligible to purchase a commercial hook-and-line license by meeting the provisions of subdivision A 2 of this section may take only striped bass by commercial hook and line.

F. Any person licensed for commercial hook and line under the provisions of subdivision A 1 of this section may transfer such license to any registered commercial fisherman, provided:

1. The transferee has a Commercial Fisherman Registration License.

2. Both the transferee and transferor have reported sales of at least 1,000 pounds of seafood harvest during the course of the previous two calendar years by the fifth day of January as documented by the commission's mandatory harvest reporting program.

3. All transfers shall be documented on a form provided by the Marine Resources Commission and approved by the Marine Resources Commissioner or the commissioner's designee. Upon approval, the person entering the commercial hook-and-line fishery shall purchase a commercial hook-and-line license in his own name.

4. Transfers of commercial hook-and-line licenses between immediate family members shall be exempt from the requirements provided in subdivision 2 of this subsection.

5. No commercial hook-and-line license shall be transferred more than once per calendar year.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 5, eff. December 1, 1997; amended, Virginia Register Volume 15, Issue 18, eff. May 1, 1999; Volume 17, Issue 5, eff. October 30, 2000; Volume 17, Issue 12, eff. January 26, 2001; Volume 17, Issue 14, eff. March 1, 2001; Volume 27, Issue 8, eff. December 1, 2010; Volume 35, Issue 6, eff. November 2, 2018.

4VAC20-995-30. Prohibitions.

A. It shall be unlawful for any person licensed under the provisions of 4VAC20-995-20 A 1 or A 2 as a commercial hook-and-line fisherman to do any of the following unless otherwise specified:

1. Fail to be on board the vessel when that vessel is operating in a commercial hook-and-line fishing capacity.

2. Have more than three crew members on board the vessel at any given time provided that:

a. Crew members do not need to be licensed commercial fishermen but shall be registered on a crew member list with the commission on an annual basis and in advance of any fishing in any year;

b. One crew member per vessel needs not be registered on a crew member list;

c. The maximum number of crew members registered to any commercial hook-and-line licensee at any one time shall be 15;

d. Any crew registration list submitted by any commercial hook-and-line fisherman may be revised once per calendar year; and

e. A legible and approved crew member list must be maintained on board the vessel during all commercial hook-and-line activities.

3. Fail to display prominently the commercial hook-and-line decals, as provided by the commission, on the starboard and port sides of the vessel.

4. Fish within 300 yards of any bridge, bridge-tunnel, jetty, or pier from 6 p.m. Friday through 6 p.m. Sunday.

5. Fish within 300 yards of any fixed fishing device.

6. Harvest black drum within 300 yards of the Chesapeake Bay-Bridge-Tunnel at any time.

7. Fish recreationally on any commercial hook and line vessel during a commercial fishing trip.

8. Use any hydraulic fishing gear or deck-mounted fishing equipment.

9. Use any fishing rod and reel or hand line equipped with more than six hooks.

10. Fish commercially with hook and line aboard any vessel licensed as a charter boat or head boat while carrying customers for recreational fishing.

B. It shall be unlawful for any person to use a commercial hook and line within 300 feet of any bridge, bridge-tunnel, jetty, or pier during Thanksgiving Day through the following day or during any open recreational striped bass season in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, except during the period midnight Sunday through 6 a.m. Friday.

Statutory Authority

§ 28.2-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 5, eff. December 1, 1997; amended, Virginia Register Volume 15, Issue 18, eff. May 1, 1999; Volume 17, Issue 5, eff. October 30, 2000; Volume 27, Issue 8, eff. December 1, 2010; Volume 35, Issue 6, eff. November 2, 2018; Volume 36, Issue 15, eff. March 1, 2020.

4VAC20-995-40. Spear fishing.

It shall be unlawful for any person to harvest fish for commercial purposes by any method of spear fishing.

Statutory Authority

§§ 28.2-201 and 28.2-204.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 5, eff. December 1, 1997.

4VAC20-995-50. Penalty.

As set forth in § 28.2-903 of the Code of Virginia, any person violating any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor, and a second or subsequent violation of any provision of this chapter committed by the same person within 12 months of a prior violation is a Class 1 misdemeanor.

Statutory Authority

§§ 28.2-201 and 28.2-204.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 5, eff. December 1, 1997.

Forms (4VAC20-995)

Commercial Hook-and-Line License Transfer Application (rev. 4/2011)



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