Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
11/28/2021

Part IX. Mobile Equipment—Surface and Underground

4VAC25-40-1320. Brakes on mobile equipment.

Powered mobile equipment shall be provided with adequate service brakes capable of stopping and holding the equipment with its typical load on the maximum grade it travels.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.3, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1330. Emergency brakes.

Mobile equipment shall be equipped with emergency brakes separate and independent of the regular braking system when generally available for a particular class of equipment.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.4, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1340. Requirements for starting or moving equipment.

Equipment operators shall be certain, by signal or other means, that all persons are clear before starting or moving equipment.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.5, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1350. Construction of operators' cabs.

Cabs shall be maintained to provide visibility for safe operation.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.6, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1360. Windows of cabs.

Cab windows shall be of safety glass or equivalent, in good condition, and shall be kept clean.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.7, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1370. Safety equipment.

Heavy duty mobile equipment manufactured after June 30, 1969, shall be equipped with acceptable roll-over protection structures and seat belts. Equipment operators shall use the seat belts provided.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.8, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1380. Extraneous materials in cabs.

Cabs of mobile equipment shall be kept free of extraneous materials.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.9, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1390. Operating speeds.

Equipment operating speeds shall be consistent with conditions of roadways, grades, clearance, visibility, traffic, and the type of equipment used.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.10, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1400. Dust control measures.

Dust control measures shall be taken where dust significantly reduces visibility of equipment operators.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.11, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1410. Restraining berms or guards.

Berms or guards capable of restraining the largest vehicle used in the area shall be provided on the outer bank of elevated roadways.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.12, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1420. Operation under power control.

Mobile equipment shall be operated under power control at all times.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.13, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1430. Maintaining control of equipment.

Mobile equipment operators shall have full control of the equipment while it is in motion.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.14, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1440. Suspending loads over cabs.

Dippers, buckets, loading booms, or heavy suspended loads shall not be swung over the cabs of haulage vehicles until the drivers are out of the cabs and in safe locations unless the trucks are designed specifically to protect the drivers from falling material.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.15, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1450. Mounting and dismounting moving equipment.

Persons shall not get on or off moving equipment, except that trainmen may get on or off slowly moving trains.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.16, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1460. Prohibited means of transportation.

Persons shall not be transported:

1. In or on dippers, forks, clamshells, or the bed of trucks, unless special provisions are made for their safety;

2. In or on buckets except shaft buckets;

3. On top of loaded haulage equipment;

4. Outside the cabs and beds of mobile equipment, except trains;

5. Between cars of trains; or

6. In conveyances equipped with unloading devices unless means are provided to prevent accidental starting of the unloading mechanism.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.17, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1470. Securing equipment in travel position.

When traveling between work areas, the equipment shall be secured in the travel position.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.18, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1480. Securing dippers, buckets and scraper blades.

Dippers, buckets, scraper blades, and similar movable parts shall be secured or lowered to the ground when not in use.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.19, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1490. (Repealed.)

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.20, eff. July 19, 1989; repealed, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1500. Securing electrically-powered mobile equipment.

Electrically-powered mobile equipment shall not be left unattended unless the master switch is in the off position, all operating controls are in the neutral position, and the brakes are set or other equivalent precautions are taken against rolling.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.21, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1510. Setting brakes.

Mobile equipment shall not be left unattended unless the brakes are set. Mobile equipment with wheels or tracks, when parked on a grade, shall be either blocked or turned into a bank or rib unless the bucket or blade lowered to the ground prevents movement.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.22, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1520. Warning lights.

When in the dark or under conditions of limited visibility, all vehicles carrying loads which project beyond the sides or more than four feet beyond the rear of the vehicles shall display a warning light at the end of the projection. In the light, a warning flag not less than 12 inches square shall be displayed at the end of the projection.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.23, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1530. Removal of hazards.

Water, debris, or spilled material which creates hazards to moving equipment shall be removed.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.24, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1540. Traffic rules.

Traffic rules, including speed, signals, and warning signs, shall be posted at each mine.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.25, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1550. Heating and cooling cabs.

Heavy duty mobile equipment with cabs being operated in extreme weather conditions shall use control measures to limit exposure of the equipment operator to extreme heat and cold.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.26, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1560. Getting on or off equipment.

When an operator is present, persons shall notify him before getting on or off heavy duty mobile equipment.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.27, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1570. Audible warning devices.

Heavy duty mobile equipment shall be provided with audible warning devices.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.28, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1580. Backup alarms.

A. An automatic backup alarm that is audible above surrounding noise levels shall be provided on heavy duty mobile equipment and mine vehicles with an obstructed view to the rear.

B. An automatic reverse-activated strobe light may be used at night in lieu of an audible reverse alarm.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294, and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.29, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998; Volume 35, Issue 4, eff. November 30, 2018.

4VAC25-40-1590. Railroad equipment.

Railroad equipment shall be installed or maintained by the operator as follows:

1. Public and permanent railroad crossing shall be posted with warning signs or signals or shall be guarded when trains are passing and shall be planked or otherwise filled between the rails;

2. Operators shall sound a warning before starting trains and when trains approach crossing, other trains on adjacent tracks, persons, and any place where vision is obscured;

3. Persons shall not go over, under, or between cars unless the train is stopped and the motorman has been notified and the notice acknowledged;

4. Only authorized persons shall be permitted to ride on trains or locomotives and they shall ride in a safe position;

5. Movement of two or more pieces of rail equipment operating independently on the same track shall be regulated by an efficient signal block, telephone, or radio system; movements on complex haulage systems shall be adequately controlled if not under the supervision of a dispatcher;

6. Positive-acting stop blocks, derail devices, track skates, or other adequate means shall be installed wherever necessary to protect persons from runaway or moving railroad equipment;

7. Whenever a locomotive on one track is used to move equipment on a different track, a suitable chain, cable, or drawbar shall be used;

8. Persons in charge of trains shall ensure that tracks are clear and personnel are in safe locations prior to moving trains;

9. Cars shall not be coupled or uncoupled manually from the inside of curves unless the railroad and cars are so designed to eliminate any hazard from manual coupling;

10. Rocker-bottom or bottom-dump rail cars shall be equipped with locking devices;

11. Roadbeds, rails, joints, switches, frogs, and other elements on railroads shall be designed, installed, and maintained in a safe manner consistent with the speed and type of haulage;

12. Switch throws shall be installed so as to provide adequate clearance for switchmen;

13. Track guardrails, lead rails, and frogs shall be protected or blocked so as to prevent a person's foot from becoming wedged;

14. Railcars shall not be left on side tracks unless ample clearance is provided for traffic on adjacent tracks;

15. Parked railcars, unless held effectively by brakes, shall be blocked securely;

16. Railroad cars with braking systems shall be equipped with effective brake shoes when in use;

17. Where necessary, bumper blocks, or the equivalent, shall be provided at all track dead ends; and

18. At least 30 inches continuous clearance from the farthest projection of moving railroad equipment shall be provided on at least one side of the tracks; all places where it is not possible to provide 30-inch clearance shall be marked conspicuously.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.30, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1600. Avoiding mobile equipment in operation.

Persons shall remain clear of mobile equipment in operation and shall not work or pass under the buckets or booms of equipment in operation.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.31, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 20, eff. July 8, 2009.

4VAC25-40-1610. Design of chute-loading installations.

Chute-loading installations shall be designed so that the persons pulling chutes are not required to be in a hazardous position while loading cars or trucks.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.32, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1620. Berms or bumper blocks.

Berms, bumper blocks, or similar means shall be provided to prevent overtravel and overturning at dumping locations.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.33, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1630. Anchoring of sizing devices.

Grizzlies, grates, and other sizing devices at dump and transfer points shall be anchored securely in place.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.34, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1640. Truck spotters.

If truck spotters are used, they shall be well in the clear while trucks are backing into dumping position and dumping; lights shall be used at night to direct trucks.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.35, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1650. Warning devices where clearance is restricted.

Where clearance is restricted, warning devices shall be installed and the restricted area shall be conspicuously marked.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.36, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1660. Tire repairs.

Tires shall be deflated before repairs on them are started and adequate means shall be provided to prevent wheel locking rims from creating a hazard during tire inflation.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.37, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1670. Towing equipment.

A tow bar and safety chain shall be used to tow heavy equipment that is not being operated under its own power.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.38, eff. July 19, 1989; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

4VAC25-40-1680. Working on equipment in raised position.

Persons shall not work on or from a piece of mobile equipment in a raised position unless the equipment is specifically designed to lift persons.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-05-1.2 § 9.39, eff. July 19, 1989.

4VAC25-40-1685. Repairs or maintenance.

Repairs or maintenance shall not be performed on mobile equipment until tagged out. The power shall be off and the mobile equipment shall be blocked against hazardous motion, except where power or motion is necessary to make adjustments.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3, 45.1-161.294 and 45.1-161.305 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1998.

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