Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
5/13/2021

Article 35. Emission Standards for Flatwood Paneling Coating Application Systems (Rule 4-35)

9VAC5-40-4910. Applicability and designation of affected facility.

Article 35
Emission Standards for Flatwood Paneling Coating Application Systems (Rule 4-35)

A. Except as provided in subsection C of this section, the affected facility to which the provisions of this article apply is each flatwood paneling coating application system.

B. The provisions of this article apply only to sources of volatile organic compounds in volatile organic compound emissions control areas designated in 9VAC5-20-206.

C. The provisions of this article do not apply to the following:

1. Coating application systems used exclusively for determination of product quality and commercial acceptance provided:

a. The operation is not an integral part of the production process;

b. The emissions from all product quality coating application systems do not exceed 400 pounds in any 30 day period; and

c. The exemption is approved by the board.

2. Coating application systems involved in the manufacture of exterior siding, tileboard or particleboard used as a furniture component.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3501, eff. July 1, 1991.

9VAC5-40-4920. Definitions.

A. For the purpose of these regulations and subsequent amendments or any orders issued by the board, the words or terms shall have the meanings given them in subsection C of this section.

B. As used in this article, all terms not defined here shall have the meanings given them in 9VAC5 Chapter 10 (9VAC5-10-10 et seq.), unless otherwise required by context.

C. Terms defined.

"Application area" means the area where the coating is applied by spraying, dipping or flow coating techniques.

"Carbon adsorption system" means a device containing activated carbon as the adsorbent material, an inlet and outlet for exhaust gases, and a system to regenerate the saturated adsorbent. The carbon adsorption system must provide for the proper disposal or reuse of all volatile organic compounds in the adsorbate.

"Class II Hardboard paneling finishes" means finishes which meet the specifications of Voluntary Product Standard PS-59-73 as approved by the American National Standards Institute.

"Coating application system" means any operation or system where a surface coating of one type or function is applied, dried or cured and which is subject to the same emission standard. May include any equipment which applies, conveys, dries or cures a surface coating, including, but not limited to, spray booths, flow coaters, flashoff areas, air dryers, drying areas and ovens. It is not necessary for a coating application system to have an oven, flashoff area or drying area to be included in this definition.

"Flashoff area" means the space between the application area and the oven.

"Hardboard" means a panel manufactured primarily from inter-felted lignocellulosic fibers which are consolidated under heat and pressure in hot-press.

"Hardwood plywood" means plywood whose surface layer is a veneer of hardwood.

"Natural finish hardwood plywood panels" means panels whose original grain pattern is enhanced by essentially transparent finishes frequently supplemented by fillers and toners.

"Oven" means a chamber within which heat is used to bake, cure, polymerize or dry a surface coating or any combination of these.

"Particleboard" means a manufactured board made of individual wood particles which have been coated with a binder and formed into flat sheets by pressure. Thin particleboard has a thickness of ¼ inch or less.

"Printed interior panels" means panels whose grain or natural surface is obscured by fillers and basecoats upon which a simulated grain or decorative pattern is printed.

"Tileboard" means paneling that has a colored waterproof surface coating.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3502, eff. July 1, 1991.

9VAC5-40-4930. Standard for volatile organic compounds.

A. Printed interior panels made of hardwood plywood and thin particleboard.

1. No owner or other person shall cause or permit the discharge into the atmosphere from a coating application system any volatile organic compound in excess of 6.0 pounds per 1,000 ft2 of coating surface, regardless of the number of coats applied.

2. Achievement of the emission standard in subsection A 1 of this section by use of methods in 9VAC5-40-4940 will be acceptable to the board.

B. Natural finish hardwood plywood panels.

1. No owner or other person shall cause or permit the discharge into the atmosphere from a coating application system any volatile organic compound in excess of 12.0 pounds per 1,000 ft2 of coated surface, regardless of the number of coats applied.

2. Achievement of the emission standard in subsection B 1 of this section by use of methods in 9VAC5-40-4940 will be acceptable to the board.

C. Class II hardboard paneling finishes.

1. No owner or other person shall cause or permit the discharge into the atmosphere from a coating application system any volatile organic compound in excess of 10.0 pounds per 1,000 ft2 of coated surface, regardless of the number of coats applied.

2. Achievement of the emission standard in subsection C 1 of this section by use of methods in 9VAC5-40-4940 will be acceptable to the board.

D. No owner or other person shall use any coating application system or equipment unless reasonable precautions are taken to minimize the discharge of emissions from cleaning or purging operations. Reasonable precautions may include the following:

1. The use of capture or control devices or both;

2. The use of detergents, high pressure water, or other nonvolatile cleaning methods;

3. The minimization of the quantity of volatile organic compounds used to clean lines of equipment; and

4. The adjustment of production schedules to minimize coating changes thereby reducing the need for frequent cleaning or purging of a system.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3503, eff. July 1, 1991.

9VAC5-40-4940. Control technology guidelines.

The control technology should consist of one or more of the following:

1. Use of waterborne coatings.

2. Use of high-solids coatings.

3. Use of ultraviolet curing systems.

4. Use of electron beam curing systems.

5. Carbon adsorption.

6. Incineration.

7. Any technology of equal or greater control efficiency when compared to the use of a coating complying with 9VAC5-40-4930 A, B, or C as applicable, provided such technology is approved by the board.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3504, eff. July 1, 1991.

9VAC5-40-4950. Standard for visible emissions.

The provisions of Article 1 (9VAC5-40-60 et seq.) of this chapter (Emission Standards for Visible Emissions and Fugitive Dust/Emissions, Rule 4-1) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3505, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-4960. Standard for fugitive dust/emissions.

The provisions of Article 1 (9VAC5-40-60 et seq.) of this chapter (Emission Standards for Visible Emissions and Fugitive Dust/Emissions, Rule 4-1) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3506, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-4970. Standard for odor.

The provisions of Article 2 (9VAC5-40-130 et seq.) of this chapter (Emission Standards for Odor, Rule 4-2) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3507, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-4980. Standard for toxic pollutants.

The provisions of Article 3 (9VAC5-40-160 et seq.) of this chapter (Emission Standards for Toxic Pollutants, Rule 4-3) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3508, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-4990. Compliance.

A. The provisions of 9VAC5-40-20 (Compliance) apply.

B. The emission standards in 9VAC5-40-4930 apply coating by coating or to the volume weighted average of coatings where the coatings are used on a single coating application system and the coatings are the same type or perform the same function. Such averaging shall not exceed 24 hours.

C. Compliance determinations for control technologies not based on compliant coatings (i.e., coating formulation alone) shall be based on the applicable standard in terms of pounds of volatile organic compounds per gallon solids or pounds of volatile organic compounds per gallon solids applied according to the applicable procedure in 9VAC5-20-121. Compliance may also be based on transfer efficiency greater than the board accepted baseline transfer efficiency if demonstrated by methods acceptable to the board according to the applicable procedure in 9VAC5-20-121.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3509, eff. July 1, 1991.

9VAC5-40-5000. Test methods and procedures.

The provisions of 9VAC5-40-30 (Emission Testing) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3510, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-5010. Monitoring.

The provisions of 9VAC5-40-40 (Monitoring) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3511, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-5020. Notification, records and reporting.

The provisions of 9VAC5-40-50 (Notification, Records and Reporting) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3512, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-5030. Registration.

The provisions of 9VAC5-20-160 (Registration) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3513, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-5040. Facility and control equipment maintenance or malfunction.

The provisions of 9VAC5-20-180 (Facility and Control Equipment Maintenance or Malfunction) apply.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3514, eff. January 1, 1985.

9VAC5-40-5050. Permits.

A permit may be required prior to beginning any of the activities specified below and the provisions of 9VAC5 Chapter 50 (9VAC5-50-10 et seq.) and 9VAC5 Chapter 80 (9VAC5-80-10 et seq.) may apply. Owners contemplating such action should contact the appropriate regional office for guidance.

1. Construction of a facility.

2. Reconstruction (replacement of more than half) of a facility.

3. Modification (any physical change to equipment) of a facility.

4. Relocation of a facility.

5. Reactivation (restart-up) of a facility.

Statutory Authority

§§ 10.1-1307 and 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-04-3515, eff. January 1, 1985.

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